the deathe of two honest weomen which were brought fourthe & suffered in the same towne anone after.
And as he was going to the fire, there came a certaine maide MarginaliaThe name of this maid was Rose Pattinghā to him which toke him about the necke and kissed him, who being marked by them, that were present there, was sought for the nexte daie after to be had to prison and burned. The verye partye her selfe tolde me this tale.
Foxe relates the story of the maid kissing Samuel in the Rerum (pp. 524-25), and he stated that she had told the story of this encounter to Foxe himself in 1563, but Foxe did not name the woman as Rose Nottingham until 1570.
This story first appeared in the Rerum and is another indication that RoseNottingham furnished Foxe with her account of Samuel during Foxe's exile in Basel.
Anne or Agnes Potten was named in 1563, but Joan Trunchfield was not named until 1570.
The Rerum simply has a note stating that William Allen was burned at Walsingham in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). In the 1563 edition, Foxe wrote a very brief account of Allen's martyrdom, stating that at his execution he was allowed to go to the stake untied. This almost certainly was the personal testimony of an eyewitness. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added details of Allen's examinations and condemnation drawn from Norwich diocesan records. Happily Foxe's copies of these documents - the accusations made of Allen, questions put to Allen along with his answers and his condemnation - survive (BL, Harley 421, fos. 187v, 188v, 201r-202r and 214r). This account was unchanged in the 1576 and 1583 editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaW. Allen,NExte after the sufferinge of Robert Samuel, aboute the beginning of September was burned William Allen in Walsingam, who declared such constancie at his martirdome, & had suche credit with the Iustices, by reason of his vprighte and well tried conuersation emonge them, that he was suffered to go and stand vntied at his suffering, & ther stode quietly without shrinking, vntil he died.[Back to Top]
The Rerum has a note stating that William Andrew died in Lollard's Tower in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). Foxe's complete account of Andrew, including Southwell's letter, first appeared in the 1563 edition. All of this material was drawn from official records, now lost, of the London diocese. The account of William Andrew was substantially unchanged in later editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaW. AndrewWIlliam Andrew of Horsley, in the coūty of Essex Carpēter was brought to Newgate the first day of April. Anno. 1555. by Ihon Motham
John Motham's name was only introduced in the 1570 edition; it may have come from oral sources or it may have been a detail from the official documents which had been previously overlooked.
This letter had probably originally been copied into a court book of Bishop Bonner which contained the examinations of Andrew. This court book is now lost.
MarginaliaA letter of syr Richard Southwell.PLeaseth it your lordship to vnderstād, that the lord Rich dyd about. vii. or. viii. wekes by past, send vp vnto the Counsell one Wylliam Andrewe of Thorpe, within the County of Essex, an arrogant hereticke. Their pleasure was to cōmaund me to cōmit him vnto Newgate, where he remayneth. And as I am enformed, hath infected a nomber in the pryson with hys heresy:
Andrew must have been quite effective in proselytizing for word of it to have reached the privy council. This was one of the dangers of the long incarceration of protestants; it gave them an opportunity to convert fellow prisoners. The martyr Richard Gibson was a prisoner converted to protestantism.[Back to Top]
This is one of a number of examples of the privy council prodding Bonner to move faster in bringing heretics to trial. This would be especially apparent in the case of John Philpot.
This William Andrew, being twise broughte before Boner to examination, there māfully stoode in the defense of his religion. At length through straite handling in the prison of Newgate, there he loste his life, which els his aduersaries woulde haue taken awaye by fire. And so after the popishe maner was cast out into the field, and by night was priuelye buried by the handes of good men, and faithfull brethren.[Back to Top]
There was a great deal of confusion about the names of these martyrs. In the Rerum, there is a note stating that 'Richard Smith' and George 'Bing' died in Lollard's Tower in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). John Wade and Thomas Leyes are not mentioned in the Rerum. The 1563 edition corrects the name 'Bing' to King but it still names the non-existant 'Richard Smith'. Wade is still not named but Leyesis mentioned and described as having died in Newgate. In the 1570 edition, their names are finally correctly rendered as George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade and they are all stated to have died in Lollard's Tower. Foxe probably obtained his scant information on this trio from oral sources: since they were not brought to trial or even examined, there was no accessible official record of them. The 1563 account was unchanged in subsequent editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaRich. Smyth. Tho. Kinge. Tho. Leyes.ABout the same tyme that William Andrew died in Newgate, sickened Richard Smithe, and Thomas King in Lollars tower, and one Thomas Leyes prysoner in Newgate, who all beyng verye weake, were remoued into sondrye houses within the City of London where they departed, and were cast out into the fyelds, and like wyse buryed by nighte, by the faithfull brethren, when no man in the daye durste do it.[Back to Top]
In the Rerum there is merely a note that Thomas Cobb was burned at 'Chetford' [i.e., Thetford] in September 1555. This note is essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. Foxe printed his full account of Cobb in the 1570 edition and it was drawn from Norwich official documents: the sentence against Cobb and an interrogation of Cobb. (These documents remain in Foxe's papers: the sentence is BL, Harley 421, fos. 203r-204r and the interrogation is fo. 217r-v. The sentence is the original document, but the interrogation is a copy made in Foxe's handwriting). There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaTho. Cobbe.JN thys moneth of September, after Samuel and other aboue rehearsed, was burned Thomas Cobbe at Thetford.