bread and wyne, &c.
MarginaliaTo this article he granted, & to euery part therofItem, þt he within þe compasse of þe sayd years and time, did holde, teach, mayntaine & defend, that the Pope is not þe head of the visible church here in earth. &c.
MarginaliaTo this article he also graūteth.Sixtly, it was articulate agaynst hym, that he was of the dioces & iurisdiction of þe Bishop of Couentry and Lichefelde. &c.
MarginaliaTo this, & to the same likewise he graunteth.Seuenthly that the promises are true, manifest and notorious. And þt vpon the same there hath ben and is a publyke voyce & fame, as wel in the places aboue rehearsed, as in other quarters also about. &c.
VPon these articles, & his answeres vnto þe same, (as is before in þe margent annexed) the sayed Radulfe þe Byshop red the sentence, MarginaliaCornelius Bungey condēned. & so cōmytted hym to the secular power. And as touching þe wordes of his sentence (which also came to my handes, & here myght be expressed) yet, not to burden this volume to much with things vnnecessary, I thought rather to referre the good reader. For note þt all the sentences of the papists, wher or agaynst whom soeuer they were read, kepte one forme & course of wordes. MarginaliaOne forme of sētence cōdemnatorye among the Papistes.In what cause soeuer they did procede, or what soeuer was þe qualitye of the person, or of the matter, they had no respecte: one forme of sentence serued for al, which is to be sene pag. 1230 In dei nomine Amen. &c Also al their actes of depriuation, al their articles and positions interrogatory, & al other their proceadyngs were al of course lyghtly. So þt al their acts & doings seme for the most part to procede more of order thā of iudgement or reason. &c. MarginaliaRoberte Glouer & Cornelius Bungey suffered to gether at CouentryThus thys foresayd Cornelius falsely condemned by þe Bishop before mentioned, suffered at þe same stake with the Christiā martyr Master Robert Glouer, at Couentry, about the. 20. day of September.[Back to Top]
The Rerum simply has a note stating that William Wolsey, weaver, and Robert Pygot, painter, were burned on 19 September 1555 (Rerum, p. 538). In the 1563 edition this note was repeated, mistakenly giving Wolsey's first name as 'Thomas' and correcting the date of their execution to 4 October 1555. (The actual date was 16 October 1555). Foxe provided his full account of Wolsey and Pygot in the 1570 edition. It appears to have been based on personal testimony for the background and examinations of Wolsey and Pygot; some of Foxe's informants were listed in his account. (Fortunately the official records for the trials of Wolsey and Pygot survive - Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fos. 81r-84r - and they confirm the accuracy of Foxe's account at several points. However, it is pretty evident that Foxe did not have access to these materials but to an independent source of information, as his account contains material not in the official records). Foxe also obtained a description of the execution of Wolsey and Pygot from the famous Cambridge puritan divine William Fulke. The account of Wolsey and Pygot was not altered in the 1576 and 1583 editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaOctober 4AFter these. ii. aboue named, next after in the beginnyng of October were. ii. also condemned, and burned by the Bishop & Chauncelor of Elye, whose names were MarginaliaPygotte VVolsey.Thomas Wolsey, & Robert Pygot paynter: These were burned in one fyer at Elye, about the. 4. day of October.
Perhaps rather surprisingly there is no account of Nicholas Ridley's life in theRerum. This can be explained by the pressure Foxe was under to complete the Rerum in time for the Frankfurt book fair in September 1559. Those martyrs executed after the summer of 1555 received, with one or two exceptions, little notice in the Rerum because Foxe was running close to his September deadline. Foxe made up for this neglect in the first edition of the Acts and Monuments. Most of the account of Ridley's life and behaviour first appeared in the 1563 edition and was clearly based on the testimony of those who knew the bishop. (It is worth remembering that Ridley ordained Foxeas a deacon in 1550 and that Edmund Grindal was one of those closest to the martyredbishop). Additions were made to this account in the 1570 edition which were clearly derived from the testimony of Ridley's brother-in-law George Shipside. No changes were made to this material in the 1576 and 1583 editions.[Back to Top]
IN thys moneth of October the 16. daye nexte after these. ii. aboue touched, folowed to the slaughter two other special and singular capitaines, & principal pillars of Christes church, MarginaliaDoctor Nicholas Ridley.Master Ridley Bishop of London, & Master Hugh Latimer, Bishoppe
somtymes of Worcester, of whose famous doings & memorable learning, and incomparable ornaments and gyftes of grace, ioyned with no lesse cōmendable sincerity of life, as al þe realme can witnesse sufficiētly: so it nedeth not greatly þt we shold stād exactly at this time in settīg forth a ful description of the same: but only to cōprehend brefly touching the order of their lyues so much as necessarily serueth to þe dew instructiō of the reader, & maketh to þe vse of thys present historye, in declaryng fyrst their begynnyng, bryngyng vp, then their studyes & actes in the vniuersity, their preferments also by their studyes to hygher dignity, at last their trouble and trauayle in setting forth religion, & in mayntenyng the same, to the shedyng of their bloude. And fyrst concerning the life of Master Ridley, the storye of whom here ensueth.[Back to Top]
AMōg many other worthy & sundry histories & notable acts of such as of late dais haue bene manicled, murdered, & martyred, for þe true Gospel of Christ in Quene Maryes reigne, the tragical storye & life of Doctor Ridley I thought good to cōmend to cronicle, and to leaue to perpetual memorye: beseching þe gentle reader, with care and studye to peruse it, notyng hys race & ende of lyfe, remembryng & depely printing the same in thy brest, who was so well qualifyed, so ghostly
The changes in this phrase from the 1563 to the 1570 edition are interesting. In the first edition Ridley was described as being from 'gentlestock' and he was promoted to being from 'stock right worshipful'. William Turner, a leading protestant divine and writer, wrote a letter to Foxe, dated 26 November 1564, in which, among other things, he described Ridley's background and early life.In the letter, Turner declared that Ridley was 'e nobili Ridleiorum prosapia prognatus' [descended from the noble family of Ridley] and pointed out that one of Ridley's uncles was a knight and another a famous divine (BL, Harley 416, fo. 132r). Foxe did not use any other information about Ridley which Turner supplied but this passage in Foxe's text may have been changed because of Turner's emphasis on the high status of the Ridley family. (Turner's letter is printed, with an English translation, inThe Works of Nicholas Ridley, ed., Henry Christmas [Parker Society, 1841], pp. 487-95).[Back to Top]
Henry VIII did not create Ridley bishop of Rochester. Henry died on 28 January 1547, while Ridley was appointed bishop of Rochester at the end of August 1547 and consecrated in September of that year.
In the first edition, the word here is 'detented' which means held back or obstructed [OED]. In subsequent editions this word was replaced with the word'letted' which means hindered.