On 1 August 1556, Grindal sent Foxe a letter in which he stated that his friends in Strasburg had collected some material on Grindal and expected to collect more (Remains of Edmund Grindal, ed. William Nicholson [Parker Society, 1843], p. 223). While in exile, Foxe translated Philpot's examinations into Latin and printed them as a separate work. (No copy of this work survives, but see Remains of Edmund Grindal, ed. William Nicholson [Parker Society, 1843], p. 223 and John Strype, Memorials of Thomas Cranmer, 2vols. [Oxford, 1840], II, pp. 515-16). He also printed his Latin translation of Philpot's examinations in the Rerum (pp. 543-631). There was also a note in the Rerum giving a sketch of Philpot's life (p. 631). These materials were reprinted in the 1563 edition. In this edition, Foxe also added two letters of Philpot's which Bonner had intercepted (Foxe must have obtained these from Bonner's records) and a petition which Philpot had sent to the queen. He also added an account of Philpot's condemnation and martyrdom, apparently based on eyewitness accounts. Foxe also added a prayer which Philpot said at the stake. This account was substantially unchanged in future editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIhō Philpot. MarginaliaDecember 20. NExt foloweth the constant martyrdom of master Ihon Philpot of whō partly ye haue heard before in the beginning of Quene Maryes time, in prosecuting the disputation of the conuocation house. pag. 907 He was of a worshipful house, a knightes sōne borne in Hampshere, brought vp in the Newe college in Oxford, where he studied the ciuil lawe the space of. vi. or vii. yeares, besides the study of other liberall artes, especiall of the tonges, wherin very forwardly he profited, namely in the knowledge of the Hebrue tong. &c. In wytte pregnant
The preceding biographical details were printed in the Rerum (p. 631). Most of them can be gleaned from Philpot's examinations.
A living or benefice to which John Ponet as bishop of Winchester had the right of appointment.
promised before, hee was called to accounte, before Byshop Gardiner the Chauncelor, then being his ordinary, by whom he was first examined, although that examination came not yet to our handes. From thence agayne hee was remoued to Bonner, and other commissioners, with whom he hadde diuers & sondry conflictes, as in hys examinations here folowing may appeare.[Back to Top]
A scribe from the consistory court of the province of Canterbury.
DOctor Story (before I was called into an inner parler where they satte) came out into the hal where I was, to vewe me among other that ther were. And passing by me sayd: Ha maister Philpot. And in returninge immediatly again, stayd against me, beholding me, and saying that I was wel fed in deede.
I. Phil. If I be fat and in good liking (maister Doctor) it is no maruayle, since I haue ben stalled vp in prison this twelue moneth and an halfe in a close corner. I am come to know your pleasure, wherfore you haue sent for me.
Story. We heare that thou are a suspecte person, and of hereticall opinions: and therfore we haue sent for thee.
This suspicion was justified; there is no doubt that John Philpot was the author of The trew report of the disputacyon had in the convocacyon hows at London (Emden: 1554), STC 19890. Significantly, Philpot does not actually deny his authorship of the work.
Story. If thou wilte reuoke the same, and become an honest man, thou shalt be set at liberty, and do right wel: or elles thou shalte be committed to the byshop of London. How sayest thow? wilt thou reuoke it or no?
The bishop who had jurisdiction over an accused heretic because the accused resided in his diocese. In Philpot's case, this was Stephen Gardiner, the bishop of Winchester.
Story If thou answerest thus, when thou cōmest before vs anon, thou shalt heare more of our mindes. And with this he wente into þe parler, and I (within a litle while after) was called in.
The Scribe Sir, what is your name?
Story This man was Archedeacon of Winchester, of Doctor Ponets presentment.
Phil. I was Archdeacon in dede, but none of his prisentment, but by the vertue of a former aduousō, geuen by my Lord Chauncelor that now is.
Storie. Ye may be sure, that my Lord Chaūcelor would not make any such as he is, Archdeacon.
Roper. Come hyther to me M. Philpot. We heare saye that you are oute of the catholyke