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152 [1434]

Actes and Monumentes of Marters.

in the first endowinge of the church, whatsoeuer he were of the cleargy, that had any temporall possessyons, he had the same by forme of a perpetuall almes, as both wrytinges and chronicles do witnesse.

MarginaliaNote well the saying here of Bernard.Whervpon S. Bernard, declaring in hys ii. booke to Eugenius, that he coulde not chalenge anye seculer dominyon, by ryghte of successyon, as being the vicar of Saint Peter, wryteth thus, that if Saint Ihon should speake vnto the Pope hym selfe, as Bernard dothe vnto Eugenius, wer it to be thought that he wold take it pacientlye? But let it so be, that you do chalenge it vnto you, by some other wayes or meanes: but truly by any right or title Apostolical you cānot so do. For how could he geue vnto you that, which he had not him self? That which he had he gaue you, that is to saye, care ouer the church, but did he geue you any Lordshippes or rule? Harke what he saithe: Not bearinge rule, (saith he) as Lordes in the cleargye, but behauing your selues as examples to the flocke. And because thou shalt not thincke it be to spoken, only in humilitie, and not in veritie, marke the word of the Lord him selfe in the Gospell. The kinges of the people do rule ouer them, but you shal not do so.

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MarginaliaThe Pope must leaue his lordship or els Apostleshyp, let hym chuse whether.Here Lordship and dominion, is plainly forbidden to the Apostles, and darest thou then vsurp the same? If thou wilt be a lord, thou shalt lose thine Apostleship, or if thou will be an Apostle, thou shalt lose thy lordship. For truely thou shalt depart from the one of them. If thou wilte haue both, thou shalt lose both, or els thinke thy self to be of that nombre, of whome God dothe so greatly complaine. Saying, they haue raigned, but not thorow me.

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They are become Princes, and I haue not knowen it, now if it do suffice the to rule wythout the Lord, thou hast thy glory, but not wyth God. MarginaliaThe manuer of the Apostles.But if we will kepe that whiche is forbidden vs, let vs heare what is said: he that is the greatest amongst you (saith Christ) shalbe made as the least, and he which is the highest, shall be as the minister: And for example, set a childe in the midst of them. So this then is the true form and institution of the Apostles trade. Lordship & rule is forbydden, ministracion and seruice commaunded. MarginaliaHow the pope ought to occupy the church goodes.By these wordes of this blessed man, whō the whole church doth reuerēce, & worship it doth apeare that the Pope hath not power to occupy the church goodes, as Lord thereof, but as minister, and seruaunt, and proctoure for the pore. And would to God that the same proud & gredy desire of rule and Lordship, whyche this seat doth chalenge vnto it, be not a preamble, to prepare a way vnto Antichrist. MarginaliaThe way to obtayn the kingdōe of Christ.For it is euident by the Gospel, that Christ thorow his pouertie, humilitie, and suffering of iniury, got vnto him the children of his kingdome.

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And moreouer, so farre as I remember thesame blessed man MarginaliaThe poysō of the churche is the desire of rule.Bernarde in his iii. boke wryteth also thus vnto Eugenius: I feare no other greater poyson to happen vnto thee, then gready desire of rule and dominion. These thynges wrote Wyckleffe, besides manye other more of lyke sort, which for breuitie we do here omitte. This Wickleffe albeit in his life time, had manye greuous ennemies, yet was there none so cruell vnto him, as the cleargy it self. Yet notwithstandinge, he had many goodes frendes, men not only of the base and meanest sort, but also of nobilitie, MarginaliaIhon Clenbon. Lewes Clifford. Richard Sturius. Thomas Latimer. William Neuell. Ihon Mountegew. The Earle of Saulsebury. Ihon of Northhāpton. Mair of Lōdon.amongst whome these men are to be nombred, Ihon Clenbon, Lewes Clifforde, Richard Sturius, Thomas Latimer, William Neuell, Ihon Mountegew, who plucked downe all the Images in his churche. Besides all these, there was the Earle of Sawlesbury, in whom (it was very sharply noted) that at the time of his death, he seemed to refuse the sacrament of the aultare, and confessyon.

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Moreouer Ihon of North Hampton, Mair of London, whome it is said by the motion of Wickleffe (whiche at time did lie sicke at London) to haue vsed suche seuere punyshment againste fornicatoures and aduouterers of the citie, puttinge them to great rebuke and shame, that not only they which had offended, were ashamed of their offēces, but also all other afeard so to offend.

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MarginaliaA notable example for the punyshing of adultry.A notable and a worthye example doubtlesse of a true Magistrate. Which man if they that follow him nowe in like offyce, would also follow him in like seueritie and diligence, I doubt not contrary, but it woulde be better wyth the citie of Londō, for the good reformacions of the people. So þt either we had not fallen into thys tempest of great misery, wherwith al the realm of England is now plaged: or els, we should yet the soner shake of the plage and put it away. MarginaliaThe greate necessitye of good lawesBut now whiles that the Princes, do attende, and geue eare vnto blinde prophesies, the Byshoppes play the tirauntes. The deuines drowned in ambition. The Prophettes are slayne. The noble menne fall into all kynde of lasciuious wantonnesse. The magestrates wincke at vice vnpunished. The common people rūneth hedlong vnto all kynd of licēcyousnes: whiles whoredome, deuorcementes, adultrye, auarice, and couetousnesse, craft and deceit, dronkennes, contencions, vsury and periury with all other kinde of vice and wickednesse ouerflowe nowe the realme, what maruell is it, if al the ioyntes and frames of the Common wealthe beynge losed a sondre, all thyngs run in hepes, to ruine and decay.

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Hetherto, it may be thought, that we are sufficiently instructed by the great scourges, plages and miseries which haue happened (excepte we be so, that no thinge wil teache vs, what it is to fall into the hande of the Lorde, and what it is to abuse hys holye Gospell. Tyme it is, yea,

and