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154 [1436]

Actes and Monumentes of Marters.

withall labour and diligence that he might, indeuored him self, to prefer the Gospel. MarginaliaThe stoutnes of the vice chaunceler at Oxford.Who hauing receiued the Archbishops letters, and perceiued the malicious and wicked enterprise of þe Carmelite, was wonderfully moued agaynste him, and falling out with him, and his like, (not without cause) for perturbing and troubling þe state of the vniuersitie, saide: that by them, and their meanes, the priueledges and liberties of the vniuersitie, were enerued and weakened. Affirming also, that neither the bishop, neyther the Archbishoppe, had any rule or power, ouer that vniuersitie, nor should not haue in the determination of any herisies. And afterwarde taking deliberation, calling together the procters, with other regents, and non regentes, he did openly say & affirme, that he wold by no meanes assist or healpe the Carmelite in his doinges, or enterprise. MarginaliaPhillippes sermon.But to vse few words, the time came that Philip should begin his sermon, where (amognst other thinges) these were chiefly noted and marked, that he did affirme and say, that tēporal Lordes, ought to be recommended & prayed for in sermons, before the Pope or anye bishops. MarginaliaA sore heresy to recommend the Lordes temporal before the Pope. The Duke of LācasterAnd moreouer that the Duke of Lancaster, was very earnestly affected and minded in this matter, and would that all suche should be receiued vnder his protection. Besides many other thinges more, which touched the praise and defence of Wyckleffe.

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When the sermon was done, Philip went in the S. Frisewedes church, beinge accompanyed with many of his frendes, the which as the enemies surmised, were priuely armed vnder their garmentes. MarginaliaThe Carmalit afraidThe Carmelite being afrayde of hurt, durst not once pepe out his head, but kept him selfe within the sanctuary of the church. The chauncellor and Phillip, frendly salutynge one an other in the church porch, sendeth away the people, and departed euery manne home, to his owne house. MarginaliaThe vniuersity reioyseth.There was not a litle ioy thorow the hole vniuersitie for that sermon but (in the meane time) the vnquiet and busye Carmelite, slept not his matter. For fyrst by his letters he declared the hole order of the matter vnto þe Archbishop, exagerating the pearils, and daungers that he was in, requiring and desiring hys helpe and aid, pretermitting nothing, whereby to moue and stirre vp the Archbishops mynde, which of his owne nature, was as hot as a tost, as they say, and ready inoughe to prosecute the matter of his own accord, though no mā prickt him forward, pouring oyle into the burnynge flame, as they say. Besides all this (iii. daies after) with a fierce and bolde courage, breathynge out threatninges and heresies against them, he toke the way vnto the scholes, minding there to proue that the Pope and the bishoppes ought to be prayed for afore the lords temporal. MarginaliaThe fryer derided & mocked in the scholes.Whiles this Frier was thus occupied in the scholes, he was mocked and derided of all men, and shortlyafter he was sent for, by the Archbishop to London, whome immediatly after the vicechaunceler, and Brightwell followed vp to purge and cleare them selues and their adherents from the accusations of this Frier Peter. At the length they being examined vpon Wickleffes conclusions that were condempned, they did all consent that they were worthely condempned. The vice chauncellor being afterward accused, for the cōtempt of the Archbishoppes letters, when as he perceiued and saw, that no excuse would preuail to auoid that daunger, humbling him self vpon his knees, he desireth pardon. The which when he had, now again (as is a forsaid) allbeit very hardly obtained, by the helpe of the byshoppe of Wynchester, he was sent away again, with certain commaundements, and suspencions of heretickes. The which his commaundement of excōmunication he straightway published against Phillip Repington & Harford. They by and by fled vnto the Duke of Lancaster for succor and helpe.

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The Bishoppes aiders were at hande (as it were serpents lying in wait) to bite Christe by the heele. Vnto whome the Duke shewed hym self at the firste somewhat sharpe. But afterwardes (I know not how) he was ouercome by the Bishops adherentes, that he did forsake his pore and miserable clients. They thus repulsed and destitute of his supportacion, were sent vnto the Archbishop, wheras they were greuously tormented by imprisonment: and at the lengthe compelled vnto a double recantacion. For so much as their former recantacion whiche they made in the yeare of oure Lord 1382. was verye doutful and ambiguous. Of the which two, the one of them afterward was endowed with many benefices: and Repington MarginaliaRepyngton otherwyse called Rampington.was made byshop of Lincolne, and of a bishoppe, at the last became an extreme persecuter.

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¶ A notise of Ihon Aston.

THer was at the same time of the like sort and number and cause, one Ihon Ashton mayster of art excellently wel learned. He albeit in his first confession dyd not deny, but that the breade, by the vertue of the sacramentall wordes, was the very same body of Christ in nomber, whyche was borne of the virgin Mary. MarginaliaIhon Astō died in prysone.Yet for so much as he did not answer simply, accordinge vnto the tradicion of Rome (when he was demaunded) as touching the subiecte and accident, of the transmuting and altring the substaunce of the bread, he was committed vnto the seculer powers, and by them cast in prison, from whence (it is saide) he neuer escaped or came out, but died there. Where of we will speake more here after. Beside these afore named, a great nūber of worthy

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