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155 [1437]

leaned and notable clarkes, sprong out of the vniuersitie, and out of the holsome doctryne of Wickliffe, of whome some were burned, some died in prison, but all afflicted. And none wythout persecution escaped. In the nūber of whome was William Swinderby, Ihon Puruey, Henry Crompe: Richard Whyte, William Thorp, Rainold Pecocke, bishop of S. Asse, and afterward of Chichester. Whose names it shall be sufficient for vs at this present to recite in general, intending, by the leaue of Christ, here after more seuerally to wryte of the same, accordyng as the processe of their story doth followe in order and course of yeares.

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MarginaliaLaurence Redman, Dauid sawtre. Ihon Aschwerbe. Willyam Iames. Thomas Brightwel Willyam Hawlam. Rafe Grenhurst. Ihō Scut. Philip Noris.To this Cataloge also pertaineth, mentioned of the auncient wryters, Lawrence Redmā master of Art, Dauid Sawtre, deuine. Ihon Aschwarbie vicar as they cal him of S. Mary church at Oxford, William Iames an excellent yonge man well learned, Thomas Bryghtwell, and William Hawlam a ciuilian, Rafe Grenhurst, Ihon Scut, and Phillip Norise, which being excommunicate by Pope Eugenius the iiii. in the yere of our Lord 1446. appealed vnto a generall or œecumenicall councell.

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MarginaliaPeter Payne. Lord Cobham.Peter Paine who flying from Oxforde into Boheme did stoutly contend against the Sophisters, as touching both kindes of the sacrament of the last supper. Who afterward amongst the rest of the orators, was one of the xiiii. that was sent vnto the councell at Basill, wheras by the space of iii. dais, he disputed vpon the fourth article, which was as touching the ciuill dominion of the cleargy An. M.CCCC.xxxviii. Also the Lord Cobham. &c.

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And thus much briefly concerning the fauourers and adherents of Wickliffe, of whom more is to be said, God willing hereafter, but fyrst, folowing an order, let vs finishe the story, pertaining to Wickliffe. Of whose death it was declared before, that he died and was buried at Lutterworth An. 1387. Nowe somewhat to entreat of those thinges, which hapned after his death. First of al we wil declare the sentence pronoūced in the councel of Constance against him, touching the burning of his bokes, and then of hys bones, afterward wil repete the publike testimoniall of the vniuersitie of Oxford. Also of Ihon Hus for the commendation of Wickliffe. And last of all the Articles exhibited and condemned in the same councell, with the defence that Ihon Hus made touching diuers of them, accordynge as they stand in the monumentes of Ihon Hus yet to be sene.

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¶ The copy of the sentence, geuen out by the councell of Constance, concerning the condempnation of the doctrine, and xlv. articles of Ihon Wyckleffe.

THe most holy and sacred councell of Canstance, makinge and representing the catholike churche, for the extirpatyon of thys present schisme, and of all other erroures and herisies, springing, and growing, vnder the shadow and pretence of the same, and for the reformation and amendiment, of the church, being lawfully congregate and gathered together in the holy ghost, for the perpetuall memory of the time to come.

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We are taught by the actes and histories of the holy fathers, that the catholike faith (wythout the which, as the holy Apostle Saint Paule saithe, it is vnpossyble to please God) hathe alwaies bene defended by the faithful and spirituall souldiers of the church, by the shield of faith, against the false worshippers of the same faith, or rather peruers impugners, whych thorowe their proud curiositie will seme to knowe more, and to be wiser thē they ought to be: and for the desire of the glory of the world haue gon about ofttimes to ouerthrow the same. These kindes of warres and battailes haue ben prefigured to vs before in those carnall warres of the people against the Idolatrous people. For in these spirituall wares the holy catholike church, thorow the vertue and power of faith, beinge illustrate wythe beames of the heauenly lighte, by the prouidence of God, and being holpen, by þe helpe and defence of the sainctes and holy men, hathe alwaies continued imaculate, and (the darknes of errours, as her most cruell ennemies beynge put to flight,) she hath most gloriouslye triumphed ouer all. MarginaliaWyccleffe called a false christian.But in these our daies, the old & vncleane ennemy hath raised vp new contentyons and strifes, that thelect of this world, might be knowen, whose prince and captayne in tyme past, was one Ihon Wickleffe a false christian. Who during his life time, taught and sowed very obstinatly many articles contrary & agaynst the christian religion, and the catholike fayth. And the same Ihon Wickleffe wrote certayne bokes which he called a dialoge, & a Tryaloge, besides many other tretases & works, the which he both wrote and taught, in the which he wrot the aforesaid, and many other damnable and execrable articles, the which his bokes for the publication and aduauncement of his peruers doctrine, he did set forth openly for euery mā to read wherby beside many offences, great hurt and damages of soules, hath ensued in diuers regions and countries, but specially, in the kingdoms of England and Boheme. Against whome, the masters and doctors of the vniuersites of Oxford & Prage, rising vp in the truth and veriti of God, accordinge to the order of the scholes, wythin a while after did reproue and condempne the sayd Articles.

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More ouer, the mooste reuerent fathers, the Archbyshops. and bishoppes, (for that tyme pre-

sent
L.iiii.