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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1573 [154]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

for they sayde that Iesus Christ is ascended vp into heauen, and is on the ryght hande of God the father, according to the scriptures and not in the sacrament as he was borne of the vyrgin Marie. 

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This was actually what Agnes Potten said (BL, Harley 421, fo. 191v).

For this were they burned, & in their suffering their cōstancie was to be wondered at beyng so symple women, ready with great ioyfulnes to vndresse them selues. And with the comfortable wordes of the scripture they did earnestly require the people to credit and to laye holde on the worde of God, and not vpon mans deuise and inuentiōs, despising the ordinaunces and institutions of the Romyshe rowght, with all their supersititions and rottē religion. and being in the torment of fier, there held they vp their handes and called vnto god constantly so longe as lyfe did endure. This Pottons wyfe in a nyght a litle before her death, beyng aslepe in her bedde, sawe a bright burninge fier, ryght vp as a pole, and on the one syde of the fyre she thought there stoode a nomber of Quene Maries frendes lokyng on. Then being aslepe, she semed to muse with herself whether her fier should burne so bryght or no: and in dede her suffering was not farre vnlike to her dreame. Also this I thought to note further, that these two women beyng always together in pryson, Mighels wyfe seamed at all tymes to be nothing so ardent and zelouse in her maner, as Pottons wife was, although (God be thanked) they did stoutly stand to the confession of the truthe bothe: but when the sayd Myghels wyfe came to the stake & sawe nothing but presēt death before her, she much exceaded the other in ioye, then, although both of them did ioyfully suffer, as it was marueyled at of those that knewe her, and did beholde her ende. Thus these two martyrs ended their lyfes with great triumphe: the Lorde graunt we may do the lyke, Amen.

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Maundrel, Coberley and Spicer

In the 1563 edition, all Foxe had was a brief statement that these three martyrs were burned at Salisbury in March 1556. Foxe further complained that he had not seen any official records regarding these martyrs. This account, which first appeared in the 1570 edition, seems to have been based entirely on information supplied by individual informants. But before this another informant had sent anecdotes about Maundrel and Spicer to Foxe which Foxe received as the 1563 edition was nearing completion; these were printed in an appendix to the edition (1563, p. 1734). Except for Maundrel's remark that statues of the saints were good to roast a shoulder of mutton, which was inserted into this account in the 1570 edition (see 1563, p. 1734), these anecdotes were never integrated into the account of these three martyrs.

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AFter these two weomen of Ipswich, there succeded thre men which were burnt at one stake in Salisburie, who in the lyke quarell with the other that went before them & ledde the daunce, spared not their bodies to brynge their soules to þt celestiall felicitie, wherof they were throughly assured in Christ Iesus by his promises, assone as the furious flames of fyre had put their bodies and soules asonder.

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Their names were. MarginaliaMartyrs.


Robert Spicer.
Wylliam Coberley.
Maundrell.

What their confessions were: before whom they were examined, and by whome condempned, for as much as we haue no certein knowledge, 

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Note Foxe's comment in the 1563 edition that he had no further information about these martyrs 'by Register' or from these friends. Foxe never acquired official records on these martyrs but as the 1563 edition was nearing completion and before the 1570 edition was printed he received quite a bit of information from individual informants.

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neither by Register, nor yet by other of their frendes, we can saye no more but this, that they died the true martyrs of God, for the confession of a sincere fayth in Christe Iesus, whose example we ought rather to followe in the tyme of persecution and trouble, then ei-

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ther for the loue of worldly pleasure, or for fear of bodely death to slip wilfully frō the knowē truthe.

¶ A discourse of the death and martyrdom of Robert Drakes minister, Wylliam Tyms, Rychard Spurge and others, burned at London the daye and yeare followyng. 
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William Tyms et al.

The arrest of these six martyrs, the petition four of them made to the lord chancellor and their answers to the articles charged against them all first appeared in the 1563 edition. The condemnation of Tyms and the other martyrs also first appeared in this edition. This material came entirely from Bishop Bonner's official records; probably from a now lost court book.

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In the 1570 edition, Foxe added the narrative of Tyms's life and arrest, which came from a personal informant and an expanded account of the examination of Tyms on 23 March 1556. This last came from William Aylesbury an eyewitness to the examination. Foxe also added Tyms' articles and answers to this edition. There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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ABout the xxiiii. daye of Aprill, Anno Do. 1556. were burned in Smythfield at one fyre, these six constant martyrs of Christes suffering for the profession of the Gospel, viz. MarginaliaMartyrs.


Robert Drakes Minister.
Wylliam Tyms Ioyner.
Rychard Spurge Shereman.
Thomas Spurge Fuller.
Iohn Cauell Weauer.
George Ambrose Fuller.

They were all of Essex, and so of the dioces of London, and were sent vp by the Lord Rich and others, at sundrie tymes vnto Stephen Gardiner Byshop of Wynchester, then Lorde Chauncelor of England, about the xxii. day of Marche An. 1555. Who vpon smal examination, sent them some vnto the kynges Bench, 

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More accurately, Gardiner sent Tyms back to the King's Bench as Tyms must have been in the King's Bench before 12 March 1555.

and others vnto the Marshalsea, where they remayned almoste one whole yeare vntill the death of the sayde Bishop of Wynchester, and had duryng that tyme nothyng sayd vnto thē. Whereupon after that Doctor Heath Archbyshop of Yorke was chosen to the office of Lord Chauncelorship, foure of these poore persecuted brethreen, beyng nowe weary of this their longe imprysonment, made their supplication vnto the sayde Doctor Heath, requiring his fauour and ayde for their deliueraunce, the copie whereof ensueth.

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¶ To the right reuerent father Thomas Archebyshop of Yorke, Lorde Chauncelour of Englande. 
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In a passage excised from the 1570 edition, Foxe states that this petition was taken from Bishop Bonner's official records.

MarginaliaA supplicatiō vnto the L. Chauncelor.MAy it please your honourable good Lordship, for the loue of God, to tēder the humble suit of your Lordships poore Oratours, whose names are subscribed, whiche haue lyen in great miserie in the Marshalsea, by the space of x. monethes and more, at the cōmaundement of the late L. Chauncelor, to their vtter vndoing, with their wiues and children. In consideration whereof your L. sayd Oratours do most humbly pray and beseche your good L. to suffer them to be brought before your honor & there, if any man of good conscience can laye any thing vnto our charge, we trust either to declare our innocēcy against their accusatiōs, or if otherwise their accusations can be proued true & we faultie, we are ready (God helpyng vs) with our cōdigne punishments to satisfie þe lawe, according to your wyse iudgement, as we hope full of fatherly mercy towards vs and al men, according to your godly office, in þe which we pray for your godly successe to þe good pleasure of God, Amen.

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Richard