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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1586 [1517]

The death and martyrdome of syxe constant professours of Christ, burned at Colchester for the testimony of the Gospel, the. 28. day of Apryll. 
Commentary  *  Close
Christopher Lister and Five Other Martyrs

The entire account of these martyrs first appeared in the 1563 edition; there were no changes to it in subsequent editions. All of this material came from official records, probably from a court book of Bishop Bonner's which is now lost.

MarginaliaApryll. 28. MarginaliaSixe burned at Colchester. NOt long after the death of Robert Drakes, William Tims, and others before mencioned, there folowed in that most blessed order of martirdome, at one like fire in the towne of Colchester, (where the most part of them did inhabit) MarginaliaMartyrs.


Christoper Lister, Minister.
Iohn Mace. 
Commentary  *  Close

John Mace was a figure of some prominence in Colchester; he had been sergeant-at-arms of the city until the end of Edward's reign. He was also the brother-in-law of Thomas Dybney, a Colchester alderman who was brought before the privy council in May 1556 and forced publicly to recant his religious convictions.

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Joan Dybney, Thomas Dybney's daughter-in-law, was harassed for her protestant beliefs in Mary's reign and fled into exile (Laquita M. Higgs, Godliness and Governance in Tudor Colchester [Ann Arbor, MI: 1998] pp. 170-71 and 1563, p. 1678). Joan Dybney was also the mother, by a previous marriage, of Thomas Firefanne who would be one of 22 protestants arrested in Colchester and brought to London for trial (Higgs, Godliness and Governance, pp. 224-25).

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Iohn Spencer
Simon Ioyne.
Richard Nicoll. 
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Nichols was one of the protestant prisoners in Newgate, led by William Tyms, whom Henry Hart, the leader of the freewillers, tried to convert. Nichols joined the other prisoners in denouncing Hart. (See ECL 260, fo. 87r-v; also see 1563, p. 1530. For a discussion of the episode see Thomas Freeman, 'Dissenters from a DissentingChurch: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie,eds., The Beginnings of English Protestantism [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 140-41).

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Iohn Hamond 
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In 1530, John Hammond had been forced to recant his religious covictions (Laquita Higgs, Godliness and Governance in Tudor Colchester [Ann Arbor, MI: 1998], pp. 111 and 172).

With whom the Byshop, because he (as it semeth by the short processes recorded by his Register) waxed now weary, made a very quicke dispatch. For sone after that they were deliuered vnto one Iohn Kingstone, bacheler of the ciuil law, and then Commissary to the Byshop, by the Earle of Oxford and other Commissioners (as appeareth by a byll indented, made betwene the Comissioners, and the said Cōmyssary, for þe recepte of the sayd prisoners dated the xxviii. day of Marche, Anno regni Regis et Reginæ, Philippi et Mariæ, secundo et tertio. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

Anno regni Regis et Reginae, Philippi et Mariae, secundo et tertio.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Cattley-Pratt 1877, viii, 86)

in the second and third year of the king and queen, Philip and Mary

Which is the yeare of the Lorde, 1556) and by hym sent vppe vnto his Lord and maister the Byshopp, caused them to be broughte vnto his house at Fulham. Where in the open churche, he in forme of law ministred vnto them the same articles that were propounded vnto Bartlet Grene and others, mencioned before pag. 1451. To the which they made their seuerall aunswers, agreing yet al together in the truth, as by the forme & effect thereof here ensuing, more playnly appeareth.

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Marginalia1To the first article they all consented and agreed. Iohn Spenser adding further thereto, that the church malignāt, (which is the church of Rome) is no parte of Christes Catholicke churche. And that he nether hath, nor doth beleue the doctrine & religion, taught & set forth in the sayd romish and malignaunt church.

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Marginalia2.To the second they all answered: that they beleued that in the true Catholicke church of Christ, there be but two sacraments: that is to saye, the sacrament of Baptisme and the Sacrament of the body and bloud of Christ.

Marginalia3.To the thyrd article they all agreed, confessing that they were Baptised in the fayth and beliefe of the Catholicke church, and that their godfathers and godmothers had professed and promised for them as is conteined in the same article.

Marginalia4.To the fourth they answered, that they alwayes were, and yet then did continue in the

faith and profession wherein they were Baptised. Richard Nicholas adding also: that he had more plainely learned the truth of his profession by the Doctrine set forth in kinge Edward the sixt his dayes, and thereupon he had buylded his faith, and woulde continue in the same to his liues ende, God assisting him.

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Marginalia5.To the fifte they answered, that they neither swarued nor went awaye from the catholicke faith of Christ. How be it they confessed, that within the tyme articulate, and before, they had misliked, and earnestly spoken against the sacrifice of the masse, and agaynst the Sacrament of the altar, affirming that they would not com to heare or be partakers therof, because they had & then did beleue, þt they were set fourth and vsed contrary to gods worde & his glory: and more ouer they did graunt that they had spoken agaynst the vsurped authoryty of the byshop of Rome, as any oppressour of Christes Church, and Gospell, and that hee oughte not to haue any authoryty in England. For all which sayinges they were no whit sory, but rather reioyced & wer glad.

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Marginalia6.To the sixt, they answered that they neuer refused, nor yet then presentlye dyd refuse to be reconciled to the vnitye of Christes catholike church, but they sayd they had, and then dyd, and so euer would hereafter vtterlye refuse to come to the churche of Rome, or to acknowledge the authority of the sea therof, but did vtterly abhor the same, for puttyng down the booke of God, the Byble, and settynge vp the Babilonicall masse, wyth all other Antichristes marchaundise.

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Marginalia7.To the seuenth article, the effect therof they al graunted. And Simond Ioyne declared further, that the cause of his refusing to bee partaker of their trumpery, was for that the commaundementes of God were there broken, & Christes ordinances chaunged and put oute, and the bishop of Romes ordinances in steede thereof put in. Moreouer, as touching the sacrament of Christes body, Christopher Lister affirmed that in the sayde sacrament there is the substaunce of bread and wine, aswel after the words of consecration as before, and that there is not in the same the very body & bloud of Christ really, substātially, truly, but onelye sacramentally & spiriturallye by faithe, in the faithfull receiuers, and that the Masse is not propitiatory, for the quycke, or for the deade, but mere idolatry and abhomination.

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Marginalia8.To theight article they saide that they were sent to Colchester prison, by the K. & Quenes Cōmissioners, because they would not com to their parish churches, & by them sent vnto the B. of London, to be therof further examined.

Marginalia9.To the. ix. they all generallye agreed þt that which they had said in the premisses was true & that they were of the dioces of London.

These
TTTt.iii.