These answers thus made, the Byshoppe did dismisse them for that present, vntil the after noone. At which tyme, hauing fyrst theyr articles and answers red vnto them, and standing most firmly vnto their christian profession, they were by diuers wayes and meanes assayed and tryed if they woulde reuoke the same their professed faithe, and returne to the vnity of Antichristes church. Whych thynge when they refused, the Byshop stoutlye pronounced hys sentence of condempnation against them, committing them vnto the temporal power. MarginaliaApryl. 28.Who vppon the receipte of the king and Quenes wryt,
I.e., the writ authorizing the execution of the heretics. It was illegal for an execution for heresy to proceed without such a writ.
This entire account first appears in the 1563 edition. In fact, the 1563 account contains information which was never reprinted. (This seems to have happened accidentally; the account of Margaret Ellis was separate from the accounts of Thackvel and Horns in the first edition. When these accounts were integrated in the 1570 edition, some of the information about Margaret Ellis was deleted, apparently inadvertently). This account is based entirely on Bishop Bonner's official records.[Back to Top]
May. 13.ABout the. xiii. day of May there dyed in Newgate one Margaret Ellys, sometyme of great Bursted, in the coūty of Essex. She was apprehended and sent vnto Boner, Byshop of London, MarginaliaPersecutours.by sir Iohn Mordaunt knight, and Edmund Tyrrell Esquier, Iustices of peace, great and earnest promoters and persecuters of Christes flocke, as appeareth by diuers and sondry of their letters sent vnto Boner, and other his complices: the copye of one hereafter foloweth, touching as wel the sayd Margaret Ellys, as also others.
MarginaliaA letter sent to Boner.OVre humble commendations to your Lord ship these shalbe to aduertise you, that wee haue sent your good Lordship, Ioane Potter, the wife of Hughe Potter, Iames Harris
James Harris, who was seventeen at the time of his arrest, escaped with simply being scourged (see 1563, p. 1694; 1570, p. 2264; 1576, p. 1955 and 1583, p. 2061).
your Lordships to commaund
After the recept of these letters, Boner (that he might haue sure proofe of the Iustices reporte) dyd hym selfe examine thys Margaret Ellis, demaunding of her where she had born
her candle vpon Candlemasse day, and where she receiued Asshes vpō Ashwednesday, Item, where she was confessed, and where she receyued the sacrament of the aultar at Easter last before. To the which she answered, that neyther she had borne candels, nor receiued ashes, neither yet had bene confessed, nor receyued the sacrament of the aultar, because her conscience dyd not suffer nor permyt her to approue or allow any of those thinges. But she confessed that about two yeares then last past, one Sir Iohn, the Vicar of much Bursted, dyd minister vnto her in the churche there the Communion in Englyshe, at whych tyme he dydde geue vnto her a pece of bread, which she receiued in the remembraunce of Christes deathe and passion. And further, beynge by hym examined, how many sacramentes there wer, she answered (in her simple ignoraunce) that shee could not tell. How be it she had hearde (as she sayde) that there was one Sacrament in the church, but what it was she could not tel. Not withstandinge thys her simplicitye and small knowledge (which had had more nede to haue bene charitablye and fauourablye instructed, then thus cruellye to be condemned) shee was yet in the ende, after diuers and sundry open examinations, denounced and adiudged an heretike, and thereupon delyuered to the Shiriffes of London, who sent her to Newgate, there to abyde her appoynted houre of burning, which the Lorde in hys secrete, yet mercyfull iudgement preuēted, callyng her in the meane while in his mercy, out of this her myserable lyfe by sickenes, into his eternal ioyes and rest, before that she could seale her faith with the shedding of her bloud: whych willingly she would haue done, if the Lordes good wyl had so bene. As for the order of her condemnation, it shall appeare soone after, in the historye of Elizabeth Thackuell, Katherin Hut, and Ione Hornes, with whom she was both examined, and also iudged, and by all lykelyhoodes shoulde haue bene burned, if God thereto hadde geuen her lyfe. But hys name is to be praysed in all hys woorkynges.[Back to Top]
With the exception of a brief description of the burning of Laverock and Apprice which was added in the 1570 edition, the account of these martyrs first appeared in the 1563 edition and it remained unchanged. It was based entirely on official records, probably a court book of Bishop Bonner's which is now lost - except for the description of the burning of Laverock and Apprice, which probably came from an eyewitness.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaMay. 15.IN the discourse of this parcell or parte of this history, I know not, whether more to note and behold, the vnsearcheable and most rich mercyes of God (with whom there is no respecte in degrees of personnes, but choseth aswell the pore, lame, and blynde, as the rich, mighty, and healthfull, to sette fourthe his glorye) or elles to maruayle
MarginaliaThree burned together at one stake.
Hugh Lauerocke an olde lame man, Iohn Apprice, a blynd man.