to suffer what soeuer the cruell hands of their enemies shoulde woorke againste them, diinge more ioyfully in the flaminge fire, then some of them that burned them, did perauenture in their beddes: suche a Lord is God, glorious and wonderful in all his saintes. The martirdome of these saints of god was the. xvi.of Maye.[Back to Top]
In the 1563 edition, Foxe just stated that Harpole and Beach were burned in Rochester on 1 April 1556. This entire account first appeared in the 1570 edition and was based entirely on material taken from the register of Maurice Griffins, bishop of Rochester, which Foxe must have consulted between 1563 and 1570 (see 1570, p. 2086; 1576, p. 1700 and 1583, p. 1406). Only fragments of this register survive andthese documents are now lost.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIhon Harpole. Ione Beach widow.MVch about this tyme fell the martirdom of two other holy martirs burned at Rochester, thone a man named Ihon Harpole, thother a woman named Ioane Beache widow, who for theyr cōstant perseuering in the Lords truth, and testimony of his word, gaue theire lyues and bodyes to be consumed and resolued in the fire at Rochester, about þt day, as I find it recorded, fyrst of Aprill.[Back to Top]
In the 1563 edition these two martyrs were unnamed; their names were only added in the 1570 edition. And Thomas Croker's name may be incorrect; the writ authorizing his execution gives his first name as John (PRO C/85/203/2).
All Foxe had on these two martyrs in the 1563 edition, was that a bricklayer and a blind boy were burned at Gloucester around 1556 and that the blind boy was the one who had been mentioned in the narrative of John Hooper's execution. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added the names of these two martyrs. In the 1583 edition, Foxe added an account of Thomas Drowry's final examination and condemnation which Foxe obtained from John Louth, who had been chancellor of Gloucester.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaA blynde boy burnedANd here is not to be forgotten an other as godly couple which suffered the like passion and martirdom for the same cause of religion at Gloucestre, of the which two the one was the blind boy, mencioned before in the history of bishop Hoper pag. 1056. col.2. whō the saide vertuous byshop confirmed then in the lord, and in the doctrine of his word.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaAn other burnt with the blynde boy at Glocester.With him also was burned an other in the same place, and at the same fyre in Gloucester about the. 5. of may whose name and examinations, as yet, be not come to our hands.
MarginaliaMay. 21.After the death of these aboue rehersed, wer thre men burnt at Beckles in Suff. in one fyre, about the. xxi. daye of Maye. Ano. 1556.
In the 1563 edition, Foxe summarized the official records of the examinations of these three martyrs and presented a detailed account of their executions. He also charged that these martyrs had been burned illegally, as a writ for their execution had not been obtained. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added material from an individual informant on the arrest of Thomas Spicer. He also copied out the articles against the martyrs in full and elaborated on the reasons why the writs aurthorizing their execution were not delivered. The sentences against the three martyrs, apparently removed from the original record book, survive among Foxe's papers as BL, Harley 421, fos. 164r-165v.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaMartyrs His name was given as William Poole in 1563 and corrected in 1570.
Iohn Deny and
His name was given as William Poole in 1563 and corrected in 1570.
William Mingey, the registrar for the diocese of Norwich, died in 1565. In the 1563 edition, before Mingey's death, Foxe only identifies him as 'Master M'. After his death, his full surname is given.
Note that this was passage was much more critical of Mingey in the 1563 edition and was subsequently toned down.
The description of Spicer and his arrest which follows undoubtedly came from an individual informant and not from an official record.