Navigate the 1563 Edition
PrefaceBook 1Book 2Book 3Book 4Book 5
Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1598 [1529]

he is apt and ready enough to doe it.

This as I sayd, wold not admonish George Reuet, but needes he must persiste in his wicked purpose: notwithstāding at the length, as many were offended with him in the paryshe, so honest weomen especially (being mightely greued at his vngodly doinges) came to him & said: neighbour Reuet, are ye not afrayd to let your sonne helpe the naughty priest say masse, and to serue that abominable idoll? and he said no. Then said she, we feare not to go to church and heare masse, seing you being a man, that so much professe christianitie, will let your son helpe the priest saye masse &c. At which wordes Riuet waxed angry, and in his rage immediatly made his praier vnto God after this maner or with such lyke woordes, saying: MarginaliaRiuet prayed for a strange token.O Lorde, if it be not thy will that my sonne should so doe, then I beseche thee sende some straunge token to let be vnderstande what thy good pleasure is therin &c. So according to his petition, with in short space after, his neighbours bull came into his pasture, and there he hauing a verye proper gelding whiche was his felicitie aboue any thing he had, the bull running vpon him, did so wound and gore him, that immediatlye therof his gelding died, and he thereby nothing amended. MarginaliaRiuet confessed the Lords hād against him and yet continued in his synne.For although he knewe and confessed, that it was the Lordes hand vpon him, for the sufferaunce of his sonne in that wicked vocation: yet would he not take him from it, but permitted him still to vse & frequent the same against his owne conscience. MarginaliaRiuet died of a strange sycknesse.At the last the Lorde iustly sent vpon him a great swelling in his legges, whiche did so greuously vexe and trouble him, by reason it swelled vpwarde, that at length hauing thereby brought vppon him a very straunge sicknesse, died most miserably in so impatiēt maner, þt it terrified al good hartes to here thereof. The Lorde graunt, for Christes sake that we may obserue his iudgements better, to his glory & our comfort, Amē.

[Back to Top]
Robert Lawson. 
Commentary  *  Close

Lawson was executed on 30 June 1557, not 1556.

MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaRobert Lawson.RObert Lawson was a single mā, of the age of xxx. yeares, and by vocation a linnen weauer, who was apprehended in the night by one Robert Kereth, at the commaundement of sir Iohn Tirrell of Gipping hall in Suffolke, knight, and so was immediatly carried to Ay Dungeon in Suffolke, where he remayned a certaine tyme, and after was led to Bery. The cause of his taking was, for that he wold not go to churche to heare masse, and receiue their Popish idoll.

[Back to Top]

When these thre forsayd martyrs were caried to their deathes, vz: Roger Bernarde, Adam Foster, and Robert Lawson at Bery, after they hadde made their prayer, being at the stake, and the tormentors attending the fyre, they moste triumphantly ended their liues, in such happie & blessed condition, as did throwly

[Back to Top]

set forth their constancie, and ioyfull ende, to their commendations in all worldes, and also incouraged others in the same quarell to doe the lyke. The Lorde geue strengthe in the like cause to vs all. Amen.

¶ Iohn Careles. 
Commentary  *  Close
John Careless

Although Careless was one of the most important of the Marian martyrs, he died in prison without a trial, leaving Foxe only an account of his examinations and some of his many letters to memorialize him. The examination of Careless, in fact the entire account of Careless, was first printed in the 1563 edition. Nothing was added to it, but a considerable amount was deleted from this examination. The reason for this was that the deleted sections of the examination revealed far too much about the doctrinal squabbling among protestant prisoners, particularly over the issues of free will and the liturgy. The charge that there was no doctrinal unity among protestants was one that was frequently levied by catholic polemicists and was especially used by Foxe's great critic Nicholas Harpsfield in attacking the credibility of Foxe's 1563 edition (see Nicholas Harpsfield, Dialogi sex contra summi pontificatus, monasticae vitae, sanctorum sacrarum imaginum oppugnatores et pseudomartyres [Antwerp, 1566], pp. 802-17). Once this compromising material had been deleted, there were no further changes made to this account.

[Back to Top]

About this time, vz the first daye of Iulye there died in the pryson at þe kyngs Benche Ionn Careles of Couentrie, a Weauer. Who though he were by the secret iudgement of the almightie God preuented by death, so that he came not to þe full martyrdom of his body, yet is he no lesse worthy to be counted in honour and place of Christes martyres, then other that suffered their most cruell tormentes, both for that he was for the same truthes sake a lōg tyme imprisoned, as aso for his willing mynd and zelous affection he had thereunto, if the Lorde had so determined it. And therfore, as a testimonie of that same his good will and purpose, and as an entrie and first part of his preuented tragedy, I haue thought good to put forth vnto the Reader, this his examination had before D. Martin, then one of the maisters of the Chauncerie, and a iolye stirrer in those matters, 

Commentary  *  Close

Note that abuse of Martin, 'a iolye stirer in these matters', was removed in the 1570 edition.

written by his own hande, as hereafter appeareth.

[Back to Top]
¶ The first examination of Iohn Careles, had before D. Martin in his chamber, in my Lord Chauncelors house, the Marshal of the kynges Benche, and D. Martins scribe, and a priest, being by the 25. day of Aprill, An. 1556.

In the name of God Amen.

Careles.

WHen I came into his chāber, maister D. called me to him, saying: come you hether syrra, what is your name? for soth quod I, my name is Iohn Careles.

D. Mar. Carles? by my faith I thinke þe same, and so I wene it wil appeare by thy conditiōs, by that tyme we haue done with thee.

Car. Though my name by Careles, yet perchance you shall not finde me so careles in my conditiōs as your maistership doth presuppose.

D. Mar. No? that shall I proue anone: I pray the of what churche art thou of, or what faith? for I heare saye that you haue diuerse churches and faithes in the kynges Benche: 

Commentary  *  Close

An allusion to the bitter controversy which broke out among protestant prisoners in the King's Bench prison in 1554-1555. (See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, eds. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 134-42).

[Back to Top]
and here I haue two of your faythes,  
Commentary  *  Close

I.e., two confessions of faith which Careless had sent to protestant prisoners in Newgate. For a description of this episode see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, eds. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 140-41.

[Back to Top]
whiche you sent to Newgate: come hether, loke vpon them, and I praye the tell me which is thy fayth: for thone of them is thyne, & thyne owne hand writing.

[Back to Top]

Car. With that I came neare him, saying: if your maistership haue any thing of my hande wryting, shew it me and I wyll not denie it.

Mar. Nay mary, thou cāst not deny it. lo, here is thine own name at it: & so he began to reade it, but sodainly he stayed, saying: howe sayest

thou
VVVv.iii.