now good lord here I do appeale to thy great mercy onely, which farre surmounteth al thy workes, as thou hast promised the same in thy holy and vnfallible word, wher thou hast said yea, and sworne as trulye as thou lyuest, that thou wouldest not the death of a synner, but rather that hee shoulde conuert and lyue. Ah deare Lord, I confesse that I am a great and a puissant synner, and yet now by the grace & good working of thy holy spirit somthing turned vnto thee. Oh let me liue, and not dye the euerlasting death of the soule, which I haue so depelye deserued, but make me a vessell of thy great mercy, that I maye lyue and prayse thy name among thy chosē children for euer. Oh let not my horrible synnes separate me from the sweete sighte of thy maiesty, but let thy great power and mercye be magnified in me, as it is in Dauid, in Peter, in Magdalen, and in the notable thefe which was crucifyed with Christe thy deare sonne, in whose moste precious death and bloudshedding onelye O Lord I put my whole trust & confidence. For he onelye hath taken awaye the synnes of the world. He came not to condemne the world, but to saue it, that none that trulye beleue in him should perish, but haue lyfe euerlastyng. He saith he came not to cal the righteous, but sinners to repentaunce. Oh gracious God, geue me true, harty, earnest, and vnfayned repentance, that I may from the very botom of my hart continuallye lament my manyfolde synnes and wickednes, my great ingratitude and vnthankfulnes towards thee, for all thy mercyfull benefites, so aboundantlye poured vpon me through Iesus Christ, which wouldest vouchsafe, he being thine own only deare darling, in whom was and is all thy whole pleasure & delite, to geue him for me to the very death of the crosse, yea & that when I was thine vtter enemy, of mercy inestimable, and loue incomprehensible. Who euer saw such a thing? God became man, & was crucified for me, that by his death I might liue. Alas, that euer I should become so wicked a wretch and so vnkynde a creature to displease so louing, kinde, and merciful a God and father. Oh forgeue me, forgeue me for thy great mercies sake, for thy truth and promise sake, & I wyll neuer trespasse agayne against thy diuine maiesty any more, but wyl gladlye serue thee in true holynes and righteousnes al the dayes of my lyfe, by the grace and assistāce of thy good and holye spirite, the which I beseche thee to geue me also, that he may gouern me, & guide my hart in thy true faith, feare and loue, that in al my woorkes, woordes and thoughtes, I may glorify thy holy name, which lyuest and reygnest one God and thre persons, to whom be al honor, glory, praise, thankes, power, rule and dominon for euer and euer. Amen.[Back to Top]
Foxe gives an account of Palmer's background, his career as a catholic at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign, Bullingham's description of his conversion to protestantism during Mary's reign (Palmer was the opposite of the vicar of Bray), his departure from Magdalen in Mary's reign and a relatively brief account of his arrest and execution. Foxe relied on personal informants for this information, possibly his relatives in Coventry - his wife's family came from the city - and certainly members of Magdalen College. The most important of these was John Bullingham, whose letter recounting Palmer'sprotestant zeal, was printed in this edition.[Back to Top]
In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a long description of Palmer's character and habits. He also added much more detail about Palmer's time at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign and his expulsion for libelling Walter Haddon, the president of the college. Foxe also added much greater detail about Palmer's conversion to protestantism and his leaving Magdalen in Mary's reign. Further material was added on Palmer's becoming master of the grammar school at Reading, the search of his study there, instigated by rivals in Reading, and the discovery of verses denouncing Stephen Gardiner. Additionally the account was inserted of Palmer's flight from Reading, his mother's refusal to aid him, Palmer's return to Reading and his arrest, trial and execution. Once again, all of this additional material came from oral sources: definitely Thomas Parry and John Moyer, who not only seem to have contributed their own reminiscences, but also to have organized the gathering and sending of information to Foxe. The Bullingham letter was dropped from this edition, but Latin verses in praise of Palmer were added.[Back to Top]
No changes were made to this account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, the Bullingham letter was restored to the account. Material supplied by Moyer and Parry had attacked one Thomas Thackham as being partly responsible for Palmer's death; Thackham's defence was added to this edition, as was Moyer's rebuttal of it. Also added to this edition was an exchange Palmer was said to have had with Barwick, a fellow of Magdalen College, about martyrdom[Back to Top]
Strikingly, the account of Palmer did not make use of a single official document and it was not based on any of the martyr's own writings; it came entirely from information supplied by individual informants.
MarginaliaIuly. 16.THe same moneth of Iuly in which Careles as before is declared, was released out of prison by death, in shorte time after, about the xvi. day of the sayd moneth of Iuly suffered MarginaliaIhō Guin Askinne, & Iulynes Palmer.these three goldy and constant martires aboue mencioned at Newbery, in which number was Iulines Palmer once studente and felow of Magdalen college in Oxforde. and afterwards scholmaister in the towne of Reding, concerning whose story and martirdome, somthinge here foloweth in thys litell proces to be touched in the meane tyme, while more may come to oure handes touching that godly and vertuous youg man.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIulines Palmer burned in Newbery.AS all Gods wordes are wonderous in callinge of all sortes of men to confirme his truth, and to beare witnes vnto his assured and infallible word, which the aduersaries haue depraued and corrupted with their false gloses, to establish the fleshly kingdom of Antichrist, and to purchase security in the worlde, which they seke to kepe in their possession by all meanes possible, rather cursing with the thunderbolt of excommunicatiō, burning, hāging, drowning, racking scourging and persecuting by secrete practise and open violence the simple shepe of oure sauiour Christ, then that their false forged packing should be detected, their estimation appayred, their kitchin cooled, their rentes, reuenues, goods, landes, and possessions abated: I say as gods workes be wonderful, which choseth some of all sortes to confesse his gospell so there is no one example in the whole boke more to be marked in redinge, and to be wondered at in cōsidering thē this: that one which in king Edwardes daies was a papist within the vniuersity of Oxford, and so obstinate, as that he did vtterly abhor all godly prayer and sincere preaching, and almoste withall them that he liued was therfore likewise abhorred, and (as I maye saye) pointed at with the finger, did yet after in Quene Maries time suffer most cruel death at the papists hādes, with two other at Newbery, in Barkshere, for the most ready & zelouse profession of the blessed truth. His name was Iulines Palmer, borne in Couentrye, where also his Parents dwelt. His father had sometyme bene Maior of that City, and occupied marchandise, thoughe he was an Vpholster by hys misterye or craft.
Roger Palmer, the father of Julins Palmer, had become a successful merchant although he had started out in the trade ('mystery') of being an upholsterer.