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188 [1724]

Actes and Monuments of Marters.

I might also here rehearse the testimonie of Peter Iohn Aquitane a Franciscane frier in Vasconia, who after al the reste proficied that in the latter daies the lawe of libertie shoulde appeare, who after his buriall was by Pope Clement the fourth declared an heretike, and his dead corpes taken vp and burned, if that we may credit Guido of Parpinian. Then we may also repete those thinges whiche so many years before were pronoūced of diuers, as touching the birth of Luter, and gathered out of Melancton hys Commentaries vppon Daniell. These thinges thus presupposed, & those also remembred whome this miserable storme of persecution hath afflicted, and driuen vnto recantation and the vttermost terror of death: Nowe our story shall retourne to them, vnto whome God hath geuen a greater constancie of hearte, and stedfastnes of faith, to perseuer euen vnto the death, albeit I can not promise the whole Cataloge of them, for so muche as there was so many Christian Martyrs in all partes of the worlde, wherof a great nomber were compassed in with craft and deceit, some were poysoned, other were tormented with open tormentes, many oppressed with priuate & vnknowen murder and death, other some died in pryson, some by famine: and some by other meanes were openly and priuatly destroyed, that it is scarsely possible to attaine to þe knowledge of a small nomber of them, or if that it happen that I obtain the knowledge of the names of them, yet can I not by any meanes finde out the maner of their execution, and the causes of all them the whiche haue suffred, in so many and far distant places: Neither doo I thinke that one man is able to doo it, albeit this one thing is moste certaine in them all & may be as perpetuall, that whatsoeuer thinge hathe happened vnto anye one of them by the example thereof, you maye easelye iudge what hath happened vnto thē all, for so much as the crueltie of all the byshops towards thē hath bene, in a maner all a lyke, the forme of their iudgementes all one, the reason of their condemnation agreeing, and the order & kinde of their death nothing different, neither was their causes greatly diuers, when as in a manner of the only superstition of the Sacrament, and a fewe other cerimonies, and the ambitiō of the Clergie, the whole principall cause and occasion of this trouble, did spring and grow. we sayde at the beginning that if euery one shuld be brought into this treatise, which this v.C. yeares since Sathan was set at libertie, haue bene put to death, by the primates of the churche, this story were wonderfully to be enlarged: for so muche as in the prouince of Narbone as Massens wryteth, there are reported to be aboue the nomer of C. and xl. whiche chose rather to suffer whatsoeuer greuous punishement by fier should be layde vpon them, then to geue any credite vnto any decretalles whiche were layde vnto them by the Romishe churche, contrary to the vpright truthe of the scripture.

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In the yeare of our Lorde M.ii.C.x. at Paris there was lykewyse xxiiii. put to death, & againe in the same place. In the yeare of our Lorde M. ii. C.xi. We doo finde that there were. 400. Heretikes burned, lxxx. beheaded, þe Prince Armericus hāged, and the Lady of the Castell stoned to death.

MarginaliaBeghardus burnt.At Erphurde Beghardus was burned for heresie in the yeare of our Lorde M. ii C.xviii and in An. M.ii. C.xxii. was a Deacon burned at Oxforde, as Treuetus our countrimā doth witnesse. Also Cantipratensis is Autor that in the country of Cambray, there were diuers Heretikes burned by the Dominick friers.

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Nether doo I certenly vnderstand, why that in Boetius a certaine kyng is commended by the Pope, because for one man he had slayne, iiii.C. cutting away the genitals frō the rest, except he had slayne them because they were Heretykes.

Notwithstanding, I haue passed ouer the yeare of our Lord. M.C.lxxxii. in the whiche yeare there was many Heretikes burned in Fraūce as Houeden witnesseth, wherof some were called Publicans, some Cathaers, some Paterines, and some by diuers other names. MarginaliaEckhardus a frier.Also Eckhardus the Dominicā frier, was not long before Wicklieffs tyme, who was condemned of heresie at Hedelberge, in the yeare of our Lorde M. iii C.xxx. as Tritemius wryteth. MarginaliaThe Albygenses burned.Here also I passe ouer the Albigenses whiche were burned in the time of king Iohn king of Englande.

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MarginaliaRanulfus.I haue also Let passe the Heremite wherof Iohn Bacon maketh mention ii. Distinction, questiō, i. Who disputing in Paules churche affirmed that those Sacramentes which were then vsed in the churche, were not instituted by Christ. An. M.iii.C.vi. Peraduēture it was the same Ranulfus, of whom there is mētion made in the Flower of Histories, who afterward died in prison: for his time doth not much differ.

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Two graie Friers.

AMongst these might also twoo grayfriers be nōbred, of whome mention is made in Pollidore Virgil, in the. xix. booke of our History, how they were burned at London, because they held no sound opiniō as touching Religion.

But these being passed ouer, we wil nowe come vnto Wicklefes time, the which as it did most aproche vnto our memory, so was their cause most knowen vnto many witnesses, the

whiche