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224 [224]

Actes and Monuments Of Martyrs.

truely and to kepe faithfully, charitably and continually all the commaundementes of God, and so than to pray deuoutly to al the blessed trinitie, that I may haue gracewith wisdom & prudence from aboue, to end my life here in this forsaid truthe and for thie cause, in true faith and stedfast hope, and perfit charitie. Amen.

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The description of the horrible burning of Iohn Badby, and how he was vsed at hys death
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Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
This is another of the five burnings between Wyclif and Luther that were accorded large illustrations. In 1563 the woodcut has no heading, but three lines of small type carried over from the previous pages are set above it. Badby, unlike Sawtry, was a layman, described as scissor, taylor, in the trial record , and this standing affected both the proceedings against him and what Foxe made of them. The woodcut that portrays his 'horrible burning' represents vividly the two unusual features of his demise. The condemned stands in the fire in an open-ended barrel (the stake to which the text tells us this was bound with chains is not depicted), at unusually close quarters to the surrounding officials and spectators. If this arrangement was intended to intensify the fire and so shorten the suffering of the condemned, that might be connected with the other exceptional feature of this case: namely the efforts of the Prince of Wales to extract a last-minute recantation . Such high-powered secular intervention, itself unprecedented and extraordinary at this final phase, is shown in the outstretched hand of the mounted prince, who was ready to offer the condemned man a life pension as well as a pardon if he recanted and returned to the church. The Prince interpreted Badby's cry for mercy as a sign of his change of heart. He had the fire quenched and Badby removed from the barrel, but to no avail. Badby was returned to the barrel and died in the relit flames. Foxe's text points to the accuracy of this depiction; 'for the manifestation of which torment, we have here set forth the picture of his burning, in such manner as it was done'. CUL copy: thick, heavy orange paint used for flames, which is clumsily extended on the flames close to Badby's body, which lessens the effect of the original illustration, as the flames look thicker tipped than those at the base of the fire. Those flames at the base look much more realistic – their tips do rise into points. The sheriff is mounted on a white steed. Badby is dressed in white The scroll depicting his words is edged in purple (like that of Sawtry's final words) but it is not so distinct, since purple is used copiously for the clothes of the onlookers. WREN copy: the flames are depicted crudely in this copy also.

¶ An Artificer a Lay man.

Marginalia1410.AFter this priest folowed an handecraftes mā, in the yeare of our Lorde M. iiii. C. x. he held this opinion, that it was not the body of Christe really, the whiche was sacramentally vsed in the churche: when as he could by no meanes be perswaded from the constancie of this opinion, but that he had wholy determined with him self to die therin, he was deliuered ouer to the seculer power. And when as the sentence of his condemnatiō was geuen against him, and that this valiaūt Martyr of Christ should be caried into a market place without the citie to be included in a pype or tunne, for so muche as Cherillus Bul was not then in vre amongst the byshops, as it happened the prince the eldest sonne of kyng Henry was there present: this man as a good Samaritane, indeuored him selfe to saue the life of him, whome the vnshamefast Leuites & Phariseis sought to put to death: he admonished and counseled him that hauing respect vnto him selfe, he should spedely withdrawe him selfe out of these daungerous Laberynthes ofopinions, adding oftentimes threateninges, the which might haue daunted any mans stomack. But this valiaunt champion of Christe neglecting the princes fayre wordes and vanquishing all mens deuises, fully determined, rather to suffer any kinde of tormente were it neuer so greuous, then so great Idolatry and wickednes. whereupon being inclosed in the pype or tonne, he was tormēted by the raging flame. The innocent soule moste miserably roring and criyng out in the middest of the fier. With whiche horrible crie the Prince beynge moued, he cometh agayne vnto the man to reclaime hym vnto life: (that pytie and mercye whyche commen sence of nature wrought in him, the same by this cruel new deuyse or new crueltie of so straūge death, was double in him augmēted) he cōmaunded þe fyer to be drawen backe and takē away, he comforted him which was tormēted, promysing him yet hope of his lyfe, if he would consent vnto his counsels: adding moreouer that he should haue certayne yearly stipend geuē him out of the kynges treasury, asmuch as shold suffise for his sustētatiō. MarginaliaA maruelous exāple of constancyBut againe he refused the offer of wordly promyses, without al doubt being more vehemētly inflamed with the spirite of God then with

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