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492 [492]

Actes and Monumentes of the Church.

defie the Emperour, whereupō ensewed great troubles, both in Englande, Spayne, and in the lowe countreis, both of Flaunders, Brabant and Zeland, al which his priuie pollicies and treasons, were shortly after descried and knowen vnto the kyng, whereof he that lyste further to knowe, may resorte to Halles cronicle, where he shall fynde it more at large.

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¶ The historie of a certeine Iewe, whiche was conuerted and became Christian in the citie of Constantinople. 
Commentary  *  Close

This story first appeared in the 1563 edition of Foxe's martyrology (1563, p. 440). We have not located it in any of the common sources that Foxe used, and its origin is something of a mystery, but it was commonly repeated in English martyrologies after Foxe as a striking example of persecution being attributable to the Turks.

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Marginalia1528.IN this yeare a certaine Iewe, dwelling in the city of Constantinople, receauing the sacramēt of baptisme was conuerted and became a good christian. When the Turkes vnderstode this matter, they wer vehemently moued and exasperat against him that he forsaking his Iewishnes, should be regenerate to the faith of Christ, and fearing lest that his conuersion shuld be any detriment or hurt vnto their Alchoranum, or Mahumetical law, they went about and sought meanes to put him to death, which within short time after, they accomplished. And for the greater infamie to be doone vnto the man, they caste his dead carcase into the streates, commaundynge that no man should be so hardie, as to burye the same. Wherin the marueilous glorie and power of Christ appeared, for the dead corps lying so by the space of ix. dayes in the middest of the streates, reteyned so his natiue colour, & was so freshe without any kynde of fylthines or corruption, not without a certayn pleasant and delectable sent or smel, as if it hadde bene lately slayne, or rather not slayne at al. Which thyng when the Turkes behelde, they were marueilously astonied. And being greatly afrayde they them selues toke it vp, and caried it to a place hard without the towne and buried it.

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In this yeare also in the moneth of Nouember, the Cardinall as Legate, called the whole Clergie before him at Westminster, and there he sayde that all the abuses of the church shuld be amended, but he did nothyng therto, but abiured, Arture, Bilney, Geffrey Loome & Garret, for speakyng against the Popes autoritie and his pompe and pryde. Which Arture, Bilney and Garret. Afterward takyng a more corage vnto them, mainteining their formar doctrines, suffred and were burned in sondry places as by their seuerall stories hereafter shall appeare more at large.

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In this yeare the Cardinal after that he had as is aforesaid, caused Clarentius to defie the Emperour in the kyng of Englandes name, wherby there began great displeasure to ryse betwene the Emperour and the king, but that the Emperour of his gentle nature wold takeno occasion of displeasure against the kyng of Englande. MarginaliaThe crafty practisse of the Cardinall.Now againe he vttered another of his practises, for vpon the sayd defiaunce, he surmising and whyspering in the kyngs eare, that the Emperour hadde euill intreated and imprysoned the kynges Ambassadours in Spayne, caused Hugo de Mendosa the Emperours Ambassadour in Englande to be attached and put in safe kepynge, and his house, with all his goodes to be seased. Whiche so remayned vntyll that manifest letters came of the gentle intreatie of the kynges Ambassadours in Spayne, and then was agayne set at libertie. When as the Ambassadour cōplained herereof to the Cardinall, he layde all the faut vpon Clarentius, saying also that Clarentius had defied the Emperour, without the kynges knowledge, at the request of the Heraulde of Fraunce. Wherfore at his retourne he should lose his head at Callis, whereof Clarentius beyng aduertysed by the captayne of Bayon, in his retourne toke shippyng at Bullen, and so priuely came into Englande, and by meanes of certain of his frendes of the kinges privie chamber, he was brought vnto the kynges presence before the Cardinaall knewe of it. Where as he shewyng vnto the kyng the Cardinalles letters of commission, and declaryng the whole order and circūstance of their gentle intreatie: When the kyng heard the whole circumstance therof, and had a whyle mused therupon, he sayd: O Lorde Ihesus, he that I trusted moste, tolde me all these thynges contrary. Well Clarentius, I will no more be so lyght of credence hereafter. For now I se wel that I haue bene made beleue the thinge that was neuer done, and from that tyme forward the kynge neuer put any more confidence or truste in the Cardinall.

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MarginaliaThe Cardinals proud thretes against the Emperour.The cause why the Cardinall should beare the Emperour all this malice and grudge, after some wryters, it appeareth to be thus: At what tyme as Pope Adrian was taken pryso-soner as is before sayd. The Cardinall wrote vnto the Emperour, that he should make him Pope. But when he had receaued an aunswer that pleased him not, he waxed furious madde, and sought all meanes to displease the Emperour, wryting very sharply vnto him, manye manassing letters, that if he would not make hym Pope, he would make suche a ruffling betwene Christian Prynces, as was not this hūdred years before, to make the Emperoure repent, yea though it should coste the whole Realme of England. Wherunto the Emperour made aunswere in a lytle booke, imprynted both in Spanyshe and Douche, aunsweryng vnto many manassinges of the Cardinal, and dyuers of his articles: But specially to that his ruffling threate, wherin be manassed him that if he would not make hym Pope, he wold

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