But if he hadde lyued,
She had prouided
With suche goodes as she wan,
Though he neuer had worked
But lyke an Idoll lurked
To fynde hym lyke an honest man.
And the rode had a gyfte
To make great shyfte,
With his bowget
I.e., a wallet.
On 22 May 1538, the rood in St. Mararet Paten in London was broken into pieces - not taken down - by a gang of iconoclasts (Charles Wriothesley, A Chronicle of England during the Reigns of the Tudors, 1485-1539, ed. W. D. Hamilton, 2 vols., Camden Society, new series 11 and 20 (1875-77), I, p. 81.
I.e., an idol.
It was a great pity.
This is another reference to the shrine of Thomas Becket, who was declared a traitor in 1538.
¶ Thus ended this litle treatise made & compyled by Bray.
This lengthy section narrates the lives and deaths of the three most prominent evangelicals executed for heresy by Henry VIII after the break with Rome, on each of whom see the ODNB. It is also a section which was extensively rewritten by Foxe between the 1563 and 1570 editions, although after 1570 only one, very minor change was made to the text. The account of Barnes in the 1563 edition drew principally on three sources. First was Barnes' autobiographical account in his A supplicacion vnto the most gracyous prynce H. the .viij. (STC 1471: London, 1534), sigs. F1r-I3r. This was extended, and slightly altered, from the account given in the 1531 edition of the Supplication, a text which Foxe apparently did not know. Alongside this was Edward Hall and Richard Grafton, The vnion of the two noble and illustrate famelies of Lancastre & Yorke (STC 12721: London, 1548), part II, fos. 241v-243r; and Barnes' protestation from the stake, found in John Standish, A lytle treatise composyd by Johan Standysshe, against the protestacion of R. Barnes (STC 23209: London, 1540) and reproduced in full by Foxe. In the 1570 rewriting, a new section was added, based on the detailed narrative in Stephen Gardiner, A declaration of such true articles as George Ioye hath gone about to confute as false (STC 11588: London, 1546).The main source for the account of Thomas Garret is a lengthy testimony of events in 1528 written by Anthony Dalaber, apparently specifically for Foxe's use. As Foxe tells us (1583, p. 1197), Dalaber died in Salisbury diocese in 1562, leaving his account unfinished. His text is reproduced apparently in full in 1563. There are some minor abridgements of Dalaber's account in 1570 and subsequent editions, mostly to omit digressions, lists of names or personal details apparently irrelevant to Garret's case. The remainder of Foxe's account of Garret is far sketchier and is assembled from the accounts of unnamed 'auncient and credible persones'.The source for the short account of William Jerome, which only appears in 1570 and subsequent editions, is unclear. Almost all of the information here can be substantiated from three documents in the State Papers (National Archives, SP 1 / 158 fos. 50-2, 120, 124-5 (LP XV 354.1, 411.2, 414), but these do not appear to be Foxe's sources, not least because none of them refer to Dr. Wilson's role, which is otherwise unrecorded. The account appears to be based entirely on a summary of Jerome's recantation sermon, given at St. Mary Spital on 29 March 1540, the Monday of Easter week.Alec Ryrie[Back to Top]
LIke as in forein battailes the chief point of victory consisteth in the sauitie of the generall or captayne: euen so the valiant stāderd bearer of the church of England, Cromewell being lost, it is not so much to be maruailed at, as to be sorowed for, the great wounde which the Gospel suffred, & thextreame slaughter of good men that ensueth therupon. Albeit it is not so muche to be lamēted for Englands sake alone, as for the vniuersall Christian cōmon wealth, for so muche as Christianitie is now at this point, that such as beare the name of Christ, & professe all one faith, are so deuided into two partes: that either part being mighty and strong of it selfe, neither of them can be in sauetie without the ruyne and destruction of þe other. And in this lamentable calamitie thys was greatly to be marueled at, that they in a maner were the chief autors in mouing dissention and discorde, whom it had bene most mete, to haue ben the ministers of peace & quietnes. But now to reduce the story to our matter & purpose. Whē as Cromwel was dead
A typical example of Foxe's chronological confusion in the 1563 edition. Barnes, Garrett and Jerome were in fact executed only two days after Cromwell, as the 1570 rewrite noted.
MarginaliaBarnes prior of the house of Augustines in CambrygeThis man Barnes, after he came from the vniuersitie of Louayne, he came to Cambrige, and was made prior and maister of the house of the Augustines, and at that time al Barbarousnes was in the vniuersitie, sauing in few that were secreat, but he by and by in his house began to reade Terence, Plautus, & Cicero, & what with his industrie paynes & laboures, & with the help of MarginaliaThomas Parnell a Londiner borne scholer to Barnes. Thomas Parnel his scholler, that he brought from Louayne with him, reading Copia verborum & terum, caused þe house shortly to floryshe with good letters, & made a great part of the house learned, whiche before ware drowned in filthy doctrine: MarginaliaCambray Bacheler of deuin. maister F. bach. of D. M. Col. bach. of D. Couerdall, B. of deu. as M. Cambryge, M. Felde, M. Colman, M. Burley, M. Couerdal, with diuerse other of the vniuersitie, þt soiurned there for learnyngs sake. And after these foundations layde, then did he rede openly in the house, Paules Epistles, and put by Douns and Dorbel, & yet he was a questionary