maner with his maeistie, laboured politikly in another sorte, and alleaged what daungers the denying thereof myght brynge to his grace, what breach of amitie of the Emperours part, what troubles, what vnkindnes, and what occasions sondry wayes it would enforce &c. vnto whom the king aunswered, willing to content them selues. for he would (be sayde) spend his lyfe and all he had rather then to agree & graunt to that he knewe certeinly to bee against the truthe. The whiche when the Byshops heard, notwithstanding they vrged him still to graunt, and would by no meanes haue his nay, then the good kynge seyng their importunate sute, that nedes they wold haue his maiestie to consent therto, in thende his tender hart brusting out in bitter weeping and sobbing, desyred them to be content. Wherat the Byshops them selues, seyng the kynges zeale and constancie, wept as fast as he, and so toke their leaue of his grace: and cōming from him, the Archebyshop toke maister Cheke his scholemaister
Sir John Cheke was Edward VI's tutor from 1549-53. This story probably came to Foxe from Cheke, but not directly, as Cheke had died in 1557. Cheke's close friend William Cecil may possibly have related this story to Foxe.
Ouer & besides these heauenlye graces & vertues moste cheifly to be required in al faithfull and christē magistrates, whiche haue gouernāce of Christes flock, neither was he also vnprouided of such outward giftes and knowlege as appertayne to the gouernance of his realm politike. Marginaliakyng Edward skilled in thexchaunge.Insomuch that neither he was inexpert or ignorant of ther change & all the circūstāces of the same, touching doyings beyond the sea, but was as skilful in the practises thereof, and could saye as much as þe chefest doers in his affaires. Marginaliakinge Edward aunswereth the ambassadoursLikwise in þe enterteyning of Embassadors to whom he wold geue responsion, answering euery part of their oratiō to the gret wonder of thē that hearde, doing that in his tender yeres by him self, which many princes at their mature age seldome are wonte to do but by other: and as he was a great noter of things þt pertayned to princely affayres, so had he a chest seuerally to him self for the keping of the same the key wherof he euermore kept priuily about him: his notes also he ciphred in greeke letters to the end that those that waited vpō him shold not reede not knowe what he wrate. What Hieronimus Cardanus sayeth of hym concerning his knowlege in liberall sciences, those þt list to peruse his workes, may see & rede his testimony therof. He had moreouer great respect to iustice, & to the dispatche of poore mennes suites would appointe houres & tymes with maister Coxe, MarginaliaM. Coxe M. of the Requests. then maister of his requestes
Foxe is slightly confused here. Cox was Edward's almoner (in charge of distributing the prince's alms or money for charity) while Edward was Prince of Wales, and not the Master of Requests (in charge of receiving petitions to the king). This reference is another indication, however, that Cox was the source for this material.[Back to Top]
Thus after the godly iudgementes and properties of this kyng briefly in this wyse declared, nowe (God wylling) we wyll intermedle somethyng to describe the troubelous disturbaunces whiche happened in his tyme. For what prince is he, so vertuous and godly disposed, whiche some tyme is not molested with vnquiet and rebellious subiectes? so lykewyse this kyng Edward, being so toward and quiet a Prince, yet notwithstanding lacked not hys molestacion through the rebellious disorder of certain his subiects, especially Deuōshyremē, who for the mislykyng of the order of religion then set forth, being styrred vp by some whysperyng Papistes, conspired and flocked together in a ranke rebellion, sending vp articles to the kyng, to haue them subscribed, or els as it appered, offering to trie it out by force. The copies of those articles here followe.[Back to Top]
FIrst, we wyll haue all the general counsels and holy decrees of our forfathers obserued, kept and performed, and whosoeuer shal again saye them we holde them as heretikes.
Marginalia2 vi. Articles.Item, we will haue the Lawes of our soueraigne Lorde kyng Henry the viii. concerning the sixe articles to bee in vse againe, as in his tyme they were.
Marginalia3 Masse.Item, we wil haue the masse in latin, as was before, & celebrated by the Priest without anye man or woman communicating with him.
Marginalia4 Sacramente.Item, we wil haue the Sacrament hange ouer the highe altar, and there to be worshipped as it was wont to be, and they whiche will not therto consent, we wyll haue them die lyke heretikes against the holy catholique fayth.
Marginalia5 One kindItem, we wyll haue the sacrament of the altar but at Easter deliuered to the laye people, and then but in one kynde.
Marginalia6 Baptisme.Item, we wil that our curates shall minister the Sacrament of baptisme at all tymes aswell in the weke daye as on the holy daye.
Marginalia7 CeremonyesItem, we will haue holy bread, and holy water, made euery sondaye, palmes, and asshes at the tymes accustomed, Images to be set vp againe in euery churche, and all other auncient old ceremonies, vsed heretofore by our mother the holy churche.
Marginalia8 Latin seruiseItem, we will not receiue the new seruyce because it is but lyke a Christmas game, but we will haue our olde seruice of Mattens, masse, euensong and procession in latten as it was beefore. And so we the Cornish men (wherof certen of vs vnderstande no Englishe) vtterly refuse thys newe Englyshe.[Back to Top]
Marginalia9 Purgatorie.Item, we will haue euery preacher in his sermon, and euery Priest at his masse, praye specially by name for the soules in purgatory, as our forefathers dyd.