wer, gaue a heauy shew and signification hereby, MarginaliaTokēs that quene Mary wold not kepe touch with the Suffolke menne. but specially by the soddayne delyuerynge of Stephen Gardiner out of the Tower, that she was not mynded to stande to that, whiche shee so depely hadde promysed to the Suffolke menne before, concerning the not subuerting, or alteryng of the state of Religion: as in very dede the surmyse of the people was therin nothing deceyued.[Back to Top]
Besydes the premisses, other thynges also followed, whiche euery daye more and more discomforted the people, declaring the Quene to beare no good will to the present state of religion: as, not onely the releasinge of Gardyner, beyng then made Lord Chaūcelor of Englande, and bishop of Winchester, Doctor Poynet being put out: but also that Bonner was restored to his byshoprike againe, and Doctor Ridley displaced: MarginaliaThe true preachinge byshops displaced.Item, Doctor Day to the byshoprick of Chicester, Ihō Scory put out: Itē, D. Tunstall to the byshoprick of Duresme: Item, D. Heath to the byshoprike of Worcester, and Iohn Hoper cōmitted to the Flete: Item, D. Vesye to Exceter, & Miles Couerdale put out. These thinges being marked and perceiued, great heuines and discomforte grewe more and more to all good mens hartes: but contrary to wycked great reioycing. In which discorde of myndes and diuersitie of affectiōs, was now to be sene a miserable face of things in the whole common welth of Englād. They that could dissimule, toke no great care howe the matter went. But suche whose consciences were ioyned to truthe, perceiued already coales to be kyndled, which after should be the destruction of many a true Christian man, as after it came to passe. In the meane whyle Quene Mary, after these beginninges, remouing from the Tower to Hamptō court, caused MarginaliaA parliament sommoned.a parliament to be summoned against the x. day of October next ensuing, wherof more is to be saide hereafter. Ye hearde before how dyuerse Bishops were remoued and other placed in their roumes: amongest whome was Doctor Ridley the byshop of London, a worthy man both of fame and learnyng. This D. Ridley in time of Quene Iane had made a sermon at Paules Crosse, MarginaliaRidley preacheth in quene Ianes tyme. so commaunded by the counsell: declaring there his minde to the people as touching Marie, & dissuaded them, alleaging there the incōmodities & inconuēiencies whiche might rise by receiuing her to be their quene, prophecieng that whiche after came to passe, þt she would bryng in forreyn power to reigne ouer them, besides the subuerting allso of christian religion, then alredy established, shewing moreouer that the same Marye, being in his dioces, he according to his duety, being thē her Ordinary had trauayled much with her to reduce her to this religion: and notwithstanding in al other poynts of Ciuility she shewed[Back to Top]
her self very gentle & tractable, yet in matters that concerned true faith & doctrine she shewed her self so stiffe and obstinate, that there was no other hope of her to be conceiued, but to disturbe and ouertourne all that whiche with so great labours had bene confirmed and plāted by her brother afore. Shortly after this sermō Quene Mary was proclamed: wherevpon he spedily repayringe to Fremingham to salute the Quene, had such colde welcome there, that beinge dispoyled of all his dignities, was sent back vpō a lame halting horse to the Tower.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaRogers preacheth.After him preached also maister Rogers the next sonday intreating very lernedly vpon the gospel of the same day.
This so done, Quene Mary, seing al things yet not going so after her mind, as she desired, deuiseth with her counsell to bringe to passe that thing by other meanes, which as yet by open law she could not well accomplish, directing fourth an inhibitiō by proclamation, that no man should preach or reade openly in churches the woorde of god, besides other thinges also in the same proclamation inhibited, the copy wherof here followeth.[Back to Top]
Mary's proclamation banning unlicensed preaching, printing, etc. (1563, pp. 903-04; 1570, pp. 1569-70; 1576, pp. 1338-39 and 1583, pp. 1408-09) was undoubtedly printed from an original copy, probably from the version printed by John Cawood. This is confirmed by the fact that the 1563 edition prints the words 'God save the Quene' at the conclusion of the proclamation; this fidelity to the original was not repeated in subsequent editions. For a copy of this proclamation, with a list of the surviving copies, see Paul L Hughes and James F Larkin (eds.), Tudor Royal Proclamations, (3 vols, New Haven, 1964-99) II, pp. 5-8.[Back to Top]
The root of the changes in the will of Mary is emphasized ('Q. Mary beginneth to set forth her popish religion. Religion here grounded vppon the Queenes will'), but Gardiner's place behind one of the changes is also mentioned in the margin ('Here was the head of Winchester'.) The lack of any prompting from within the text for this gloss was perhaps suggestive of the half-hidden forces at work behind Mary's basic desire for a catholic restoration. Most of the other glosses point out what was banned, and regret the fact. All editions give the date (August 18).[Back to Top]