Queen Mary's articles to her bishops, instructing them how to deal with heresy, married clergy and re-establishing the ceremonies and practices of the Catholic church, and her accompanying letter to Bonner, are printed by Foxe from Bonner's register (cf. Guildhall MS 9531/12, fol. 342r-v with 1563, pp. 924-25; 1570, pp. 1585-86; 1576, pp. 1353-54; 1583, pp. 1423-24). Once again, Foxe misdated this document; the letter is dated 4 March but Foxe dates it 3 March.[Back to Top]
RIght reuerend Father in God, Righte trustye and welbeloued, we great you well. And wheras heretofore in the time of the late raigne of our most dearest brother king Edward the sixte, whose soule God pardon, diuers notable crimes, excesses, and faultes, with sondry kindes of heresies, symony adulterye, and other enormyties haue bene committed within this our Realme, and other our dominions, the same continuinge yet hetherto in like dysorder, since the beginning of our Reigne, without anye correction or reformacion at all, and the people both of the Laytye, and also of the Clergye, and cheiflye of the Clergy haue ben geuen to muche insolencye and vngodlye rule, greatly to the dyspleasure of almighty God, and very much to our regret and euyll contentacion, and to no litle slaunder of other Christien Realmes, and in maner to the subuersion and cleane defacing of this our Realme: and remembring our dutye to almighty God to be, to foresee, as much as in vs may be, that all vertue & godly liuing, should be embraced, florish, and increase: And there with also. that all vice and vngodly behauiour should be banished and put awaye, or at the least wayes (so nigh as myghte be) so brydeled aud kept vnder, that godlynes and honestye myght haue the ouer hande, vnderstanding by very credible reporte and publike fame, to our no small heauyues and dyscomfort, that within your dioces, aswel in not exēpted, as exempted places, the like dysorder and euill behauiour hath bene done and vsed, like also to continew and increase, vnles due prouision be had and made to reforme the same, which ernestly in very deede, we do minde and intende to the vttermost, all the wayes we can possible, trusting of Gods furtheraunce and helpe in that behalfe: for theis causes, and other most iust consideracions vs mouing, we send vnto you certeine articles, of suche special matter, as emong other thinges be most necessary to be now put in execution by you, and your officers, extending to the ende by vs desired, and the reformacion aforesayd, wherein ye shalbe charged with our special commaūdement, by these our letters, to the intent, you & your officers may the more ernestly and boldly procede therunto, without feare of any presumption to be noted on your parte, or daunger to be incurred of any such our lawes, as by our doinges, of that is in the sayd articles conteined, might any wise greue you, what so euer be threatned in any such case. And therefore we straitly charge and commaund you and your sayd Officers to procede to thexecution of the sayd articles, without al tracte and delaye, as ye will answer to the contray. Geuen vnder our signet at our Palaice of Westminstre the iii. daye of Marche the fyrst yeare of our reigne.[Back to Top]
Many of the references concern the changes in religious practice and to the priesthood enjoined by Mary; the language is neutral for the most part (see 'Prouision for priestes which renounce their wiues' and the eight glosses following), even to the point of using the term 'Catholicke' ('Prouision for Catholicke scholemaisters'), a term it is surprising to see Foxe relinquishing to the other side. A series of glosses in all editions ('Ecclesiasticall lawes of K. Henry renued', 'The kinges authoritie geueth place to the popes authoritie', and 'The supremacy of the king repealed') are more charged, marking the transition between the king's authority and the pope's (thus combining nostalgia for the dead king(s) and hostility to the papal incursion). A 1563 reference to 'sacramentaries' ('Sacramentaries excluded from ecclesiasticall promotions') is later dropped, perhaps because it concedes too much to the anti-protestant language of catholics.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaThe kings authoritye giueth place to the Popes authoritye.Item, that no bishop or any his officer or other persone aforesayd, hereafter in any of their ecclesiasticall wrytinges, in proces or other extraiudiciall actes, do vse to put in this clause or sentence, Regia autoritate fulcitus.
Item, that no byshop or any his officers, or other persone aforesayd, do hereafter exacte or demaunde, in the admission of any persone to any ecclesiasticall promocion, order or office, any othe, touchyng the primacie or succession, as of late in fewe yeares passed hath bene accustomed and vsed.
MarginaliaSacramentaries excluded from ecclesiasticall promotions Item, that euery Byshop and his Officers, with all other persones aforesayde, haue a vigilant eye, and vse speciall diligence and foresyght, that no persone be admitted or receaued to any ecclesiasticall function, benefite or office, beyng a sacramētary, infected or defamed with any notable kinde of heresie, or other great crime. And that the sayde byshop do staye, & cause to be stayed, as muche as lyeth in hym, that benefices and ecclesiasticall promocions doo not notablie decaye or take hynderaunce by passing or confirmyng of vnreasonable leases.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaAgainst vnreasonable leases. Item, that euery byshop and all other persones aforesayde, do dyligently trauayle for the repressing of heresies and notable crimes, especially in the Clergie, duely correcting and punyshyng the same.
MarginaliaFor punishing of heresies as they call them.Item, that euery Byshop, and all the other persones aforesayd, do likewyse trauayle for the condemning and repressing of corrupt and naughty opinions, vnlawful bookes, ballades and other pernicious and hurtful deuices, engendring hatred amonges the people, and discorde amonges the same. And that Scholemaysters, Preachers, and teachers do exercise and vse their offices and dueties without teaching, preaching, or setting furth any euil corrupt doctrin. And that doing the contrary, they maye be by the Bishop and his sayd officers punished and remoued.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaAgaynst maryed priestes.Item, that euery Byshop and all the othr persones aforesayd, proceding summarily, and with all celerity, and spede, may, and shall depriue or declare depriued, and amoue, according to their learning and discretion, al such persons from theyr benefices and ecclesiasticall promotions, who contrary to the state of theyr order, and the laudable custome of the churche, haue maried and vsed weomen as theyr wyues, or otherwise notably and slaunderously disordered or abused them selfes, sequestryng also, duryng the sayd processe, the fruictes and profites of the sayd benefices & ecclesiastical promotiōs.[Back to Top]