Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1794 [1755]

Queene Mary. The articles and aunsweres of Iohn Ardeley and Iohn Symson, Martyrs.

Marginalia1555. May.kept, and folowed of any Christian man.

4. Item, that albeit it be true, that in the Sacrament of the altar there is in substaunce the very body and bloud of Christ vnder the formes of bread and wyne, MarginaliaSubstance of Christes body vnder formes of bread and wyne.and albeit that it be so beleued, taught and preached vndoubtedly in the sayd Church of Rome, and all the other Churches aforesaid, yet thou hast not so beleued, nor doest so beleue, but contrarywise thou hast and doest beleue firmely and stedfastly, that there is not in the sayd Sacrament of the alter, vnder the formes of bread and wyne, the very substaunce of Christes body and bloud, but that there is onely the substaunce of material and common bread and wyne, with the formes therof: and that the sayd material and common bread and wyne are onely the signes and tokens of Christes body and bloud, and by fayth to be receiued, onely for a remembraunce of Christes passion and death, without any such substaunce of Christes body and bloud at all.

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5. Item, that thou hast beleued and taught, and thou hast openly spoken, and to thy power mainteyned and defended, and so doest beleue, thinke, mainteine, and defend, MarginaliaTransubstantiation denyed.that the very true receiuyng and eatyng of Christes body and bloud, is onely to take materiall and common bread, and to breake it, and to distribute it amongest the people, remembryng therby the passion and death of Christ onely.

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6. Item, that thou hast likewise beleued, taught, & spoken, that the Masse now vsed in this Realme of England, and others the Churches aforesaid, MarginaliaThe Masse abominable.is abominable and nought and full of Idolatrie, and is of the ordinaūce of the Pope, and not of the institution of Christ, and hath no goodnes in it, sauyng the gloria in excelsis and the Epistle and þe Gospell, and that therfore thou hast not, nor wilt not come and be present at the Masse, nor receaue the Sacrament of the aultar, or any other Sacrament of the Church as they are now vsed in this realme of England, and other the Churches aforesayd.

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7. Item, that thou hast in tymes past beleued precisely, and obstinately affirmed and sayd, and so doest now beleue and thinke that auricular confession is not nedefull to be made vnto the Priest, but it is a thyng superfluous and vayne, and ought onely to be made to God and to none other person: and likewise thou hast condemned as superfluous, vayne, and vnprofitable, all the ceremonies of the Church, and the seruice of the same, and hast sayd that no seruice in the Church ought to be sayd but in the English toung, and if it be otherwise sayd, it is vnlawfull and naught.

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¶ The aunsweres of Iohn Symson and also of Iohn Ardeley, to the foresayd Articles. 
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The articles and answers of Ardley and Simpson were taken from an official record of Bonner's which is now lost, probably a court book. Note that in the second edition Foxe conflated the two sets of identical articles and nearly identical answers.

MarginaliaTheir answeres to the articles.TO the first they beleue, that here in earth there is one catholicke and vniuersall holye Church, which doth hold and beleue as is contayned in the first article, and that this church is dispersed and scattered abroade throughout the whole world.

To the second they beleue that they be boūd to geue faith and credence vnto it, as is conteined in the second article.

To the thyrd, as concerning the fayth and religion of the Church of Rome, of Italy, Spayne, Fraunce, Ireland, Scotlād, and other churches in Europa, they say they haue nothing to do with that fayth and religion, but as concerning the fayth and religion of England, that if the sayd Church of England be ruled and gouerned by the word of lyfe, then the church of England hath the fayth and religion of the catholick church and not otherwise: and do say also, that if the church of England were ruled by the word of life, it would not go about to condemne them & others of this heresy.

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To the fourth they aunswer, that in the sacrament, cōmonly called the sacrament of the aultar, there is very bread and very wyne, MarginaliaTransubstantiation denyed.not altered nor chaunged in substance in any wyse, and that hee that receaueth the sayd bread and wyne, doth spiritually and by faith onely receaue the body and bloud of Christ, but not the very naturall body and bloud of Christ in substance vnder the formes of bread and wyne.

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To the fift they say they haue aunswered aunswering to the sayd fourth article, & yet neuerthelesse they say that they haue beleued, and do beleue that in the sa-

crament of the aultar there is not the very substaunce of Christes body and bloud, but onely the substance of naturall bread and wyne.

To the sixt they say that MarginaliaThe Masse detested.they beleue that the Masse is of the Pope, and not of Christ, and therefore it is not good, nor hauing in it any goodnes, sauing the Gloria in excelsis, the Epistle and Gospell, the Creede, and the Pater noster: and for this cause they say, they haue not, nor wyll not come and heare Masse.

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To the seuenth, Iohn Ardeley aunswereth & sayth, that he beleueth the contentes of the same to bee true: but Iohn Symson doth aunswere, that hee is not as yet fully resolued with him selfe what answere to make therunto, and further sayth, that as touchng the common and dayly seruice sayd and vsed in the Church, he saith that he neuer said that seruice in the church ought to be sayd, but in the English toung, nor yet he neuer sayd that if it be otherwise said & vsed then in English, it is vnlawfull and naught.

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Ioh. Ardeley, and Ioh. Symson.

MarginaliaAn other appearance of Symson and Ioh. Ardeley before the Byshop.Thus these articles being to them obiected, & their aunswers made vnto the same, as before, the Bishop according to the old trade of hys Consistory court, respited them to the after noone, byddyng them to make their appearance the sayd day and place, betwene the houres of two and three. At what tyme the sayd bishop repeating againe the sayd articles vnto them, and beginning with Iohn Ardeley did vrge and solicitate, according to hys maner of wordes to recant. 

Commentary  *  Close

The account of the condemnation of Ardley and Simpson appears to be taken from a now lost official record, probably a court book.

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To whom Iohn Ardeley agayne constantly standing to hys professed religion, gaue aunswer in words as followeth: MarginaliaThe words of Ioh. Ardley to Boner.My Lord (quoth he) neyther you, nor any other of your religion is of the catholicke Church, for you be of a false fayth: and I doubt not but you shall be deceiued at length, beare as good a face as ye cā. You will sheed the innocent bloud, & you haue killed many, & yet go about to kyll more. &c. And added further saying: if euery heare of my head were a man, I would suffer death in the opinion and fayth that I am now in. These with many other wordes he spake. Then the bishop yet demaunding if he would relinquish hys erroneous opinions (as he called them) and bee reduced againe to the vnity of the church, he aunswered as followeth: No, God foreshield that I should do so: for then I should lose my soule.

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After this, the sayd Byshop asking Iohn Ardeley (after hys formall maner) if he knew any cause why hee should not haue Sentence condemnatory against hym, MarginaliaIoh. Ardley and I. Symson condemned.so read the condemnation, as hee also dyd against Iohn Symson, which stood likewise in the same cause & constancy with Ioh. Ardeley: which was done the. xxv. of day of May, and so were they both cōmitted to the secular power, that is, to the handes of the Sheriffes, 

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The authority to determine heresy rested with the bishops but they did not have the authority to inflict the death penalty. The condemned heretic had to be surrendered to the sheriffs who would execute the sentence.

to be conueyed to the place where they should be executed. But before I come to their execution, here is not to bee passed a thing not vnworthy the lookyng vpon, which happened in þe closing vp of þe examination of these ij. innocent Martyrs of God, which is this.

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¶ A note.

MarginaliaA note of the sodaine feare of Boner.At the time of the examination of this Symson and Iohn Ardeley aforesayd, there was assembled such a great multitude of people, that because the Consistory was not able to holde them, they were fayne to stand in the church, neare about the sayd Consistorye, wayting to see the prisoners when they should depart. It happened in the meane tyme that the Byshop beyng set in heate with the stout and bold aunswers of the sayd two prisoners (especially of Symson) burst out in hys loud and angry voyce and sayd: haue hym away, haue hym away.

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Now þe people in the Church hearing these wordes, and thinking (because the day was farre spent) that the prisoners had their iudgement, they being desirous to see the prisoners had to Newgate, seuered thē selues,

one