Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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K. Henry the first. Anselmus. K. Henry the first. Anselmus. Actes and Monum. of the Church.

of hys owne will. That whiche I call kyngly, kynges & rich proude men commaunde to be done to themselues. But that which I call monkish, they take (not commaūdyng, but obeyng) The kyngly is so much easier, by how much is agreeth to the will of the sufferer. But the monkish is so much the greuouser, by how much it differreth frō þe will of þe sufferer. In the kyngly iudgement, the sufferer is iudged to be his owne: In the monkish he is proued not to be his owne. For althoughe the kyng or riche man, when he is beatē, willingly sheweth himselfe humbly to be a sinner: yet he would not submit hym selfe, to this humblenes at any other cōmaundemēt, but would withstande the commaunder with all his strength. But when a monke submitteth him selfe to the whippes humbly in the chapter at the will of the prelate: the truth iudgeth hym to be of so much greater merite, by how much he humbleth hym selfe more, & more truly then thother. For he humbleth hym selfe to God onely, because hee knoweth his sinnes. But this man humbleth hym selfe to man for obedience. But he is more lowly that humbleth him selfe both to God and man for Gods cause, thē he whiche humbleth hym selfe to God onely, and not to Gods commaundement. Therfore if he that humbleth hym selfe shalbe extolled, Ergo he that more humbleth hym selfe shalbe more exalted. And where I sayd that when a monke is whypped, that it differeth from hys will: you must not so vnderstand it, as though he would not paciently beare it with an obediente will: but because by a naturall appetite, he would not suffer the sorow. But if ye say, I do not so much flye the open beatyng for the paynes (whiche I feale also secretly) as for the shame: know then, that he is stronger that reioyseth to beare this for obedience sake. MarginaliaThe iudgemēt or conclusion of Anselme vpon the case.Therfore be thou sure, that one whypping of a monke by obedience, is of more merite, then innumerable whyppings taken by his own mynde. But where as he is such, that alwayes he ought to haue his hart ready without murmuryng obediently to be whipped: MarginaliaFalse opinion of merite.we ought to iudge him thē to be of great merite, whether he be whypped priuely or openly. &c.

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And thus much concernyng Anselmus archbyshop of Cant. whose stoute example gaue no litle courage to Thurstinus & Becket his successors: & to other that folowed after to do the lyke agaynst their kynges and princes, as in proces hereafter by the grace of Christ shall appeare.

MarginaliaAn. 1105About this time. an. 1105. two famous Archbishops of Mentz, being right vertuous and well disposed Prelates: were cruelly and tirannously delt withall, and intreated by the bishop of Rome. Their names were Harry and Christian. This Harry hauing intelligence, that he was complayned of to the pope, sent a learned man (a speciall friend of his) to excuse him, named Arnolde: one for whom he had much done, and promoted to great lyuing and promotions. But this honest man Arnold, in steede of an excuser became an accuser, MarginaliaIudges corrupted.bribing the two chiefest Cardinals with good gold: by which meanes he obtayned of the Pope, those two Cardinals to bee sent as inquisitors and onely doers in that present case. The which (comming to Germany) somoned the sayd Henrye, and deposed him of his archbishopricke (for all hee could doo) eyther by lawe or iustice: substituting in hys place the foresayd Arnold, vpon hope (truly) of the ecclesiasticall gold. Wherupon that vertuous and honorable Henry (as the story telleth) spake vnto those his peruers iudges on this wyse. If I should appeale vnto the Apostolike see for this your vniust proces had agaynst me: perhaps the pope wold attempt nothing any more therin, then ye haue: neyther should I wyn any thyng by it, but onely toyle of body, losse of good, affliction of mind, care of hart, and missyng of his fauour. Wherfore I do appeale to the Lord Iesu Christ, as to the most hyghest and iust iudge, and cite you before his iudgement, thereto answer me before the highe iudge. For neyther iustly nor godly (but by corrupcion as it pleaseth you) you haue iudged. Whereunto they scoffingly answered: Go you first, and we wyll follow. Not long after (as the story is) the sayd Harry dyed: whereof the two Cardinals hauing intelligēce sayd one to the other iestingly: behold he is gone before, and we must follow according to our promis: and verely they sayd truer thē they were aware of, for within a while they dyed in one day. MarginaliaA terrible exāple for corrupt iudges to beware.For the one sitting vpon a iakes to ease himselfe, voyded out all hys intrals into the draught, and miserably ended his lyfe. The other gnawing of the fingers of his handes, & spitting them out of his mouth (all deformed in deuouryng himselfe) dyed. And in lykewise, not long after the end of these men, the foresaid Arnold (most horribly) in a sedicion was slayne: and certayn dayes (lying stinking aboue the ground vnburied) was open to the spoil of euery rascall and harlot. The Historiographer in declaring hereof, cryeth vpon the Cardinals in this maner: O ye Cardinals, ye are the beginning and authors hereof. Come ye hether therfore, come ye hether, and heape and carye vnto your countries the deuill: and offer your selues to hym with that mony wherof ye haue bene most glottonous and insatiable.

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MarginaliaPope Paschalis the ii.About the same tyme and yeare when king Henrye began his raygne, Pope Paschalis entered hys papacie, succeeding after Vrbanus: about the yeare of the Lord a thousand & one hundreth, nothyng swaruing frō the steps of Hildebrand his superior. This Paschalis, beyng elected by the cardinals, after that the people had cried thrise: Saint Peter hath chosen good Raynerus: He than puttyng on a purple vesture, MarginaliaThe popes tyrement.& a tyer vpō his head, was brought vpon a white palfray into Laterane: MarginaliaThe seuenfold power of the popewher a scepter was geuen him, and a girdle put aboute hym (hauyng, vij. keyes, with. vij. seales hanging there vpon) for a recognisance or tokē, of hys seuēfold power, according to þe seuēfold grace of þe holy ghost: of bindyng, loosyng, shittyng, openyng, sealyng, resignyng & iudgyng, &c. After this Paschalis was elected Pope: Henricus 4. the foresayd Emperour (of courage most valiant, yf the tyme had serued therto) thought to come vp to Italye to salute the new pope. But vnderstandyng þe popes mynd bent agaynst him, he chaunged hys purpose. In þe meane tyme, Paschalis to shew hymself inferior to Hildebrand in no poynt: began first to depose all such abbats and bishops whom the Emperour had set vp. Also banished Albertus, Theodoricus, and Maginulphus striuing þe same tyme for the papacie. I spake before of Wybert, whome Henricus the emperour had made pope against Hildebrand. Against this Wybert Paschalis made out an army: who beyng put to flight, not long after departed.

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MarginaliaOf Antichrist, borne and manifest.
The B of Fluence a martyr.
A counsel at Trecas.
About the same tyme, an M. Ci. the bishop of Fluence began to teach & preache of Antichrist thē to be borne and to be manifest, as Sabellicus testifieth: whervppon Paschalis assembling a councel, put to silence the sayde byshop, and condemned hys bookes. In this councel at Trecas: priestes that were maried, were condemned for Nicolaitanes. Itē, according to þe decree of Hildebrād: All such of what degre or estate soeuer they were (being lay men) that gaue any ecclesiastical dignities, were cōdemned of Simony. Furthermore, the statute of priests tithes, there he renued: counting the selling away therof as a sinne against the holy ghost. Concerning the excommunication & other troubles that Hildebrand wrought agaynst Henricus the fourth Emperour: it is declared sufficiently before. MarginaliaA tragical historye of pope Paschalis setting the sōne against the father.This excommunication, Paschalis the pope renued afresh, against the said Henry. And not onely that, but also conuenting the princes of Germany into a generall assemble: set vp his owne sonne agaynst him: causing þe bishop of Mentz, of Colen, & of Worms, to depriue him of his emperiall crowne, and to place his sonne Henricus the fift, in his fathers kingdome: and so

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