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1292 [1291]

K. Edw. 6. The rebelles of Deuonshire. Their Articles.

MarginaliaAn. 1549 the Communion, at the least once a yeare: or whosoeuer doe frequent or goe vnto any other rite or seruice then is appointed by our booke, either of Mattins, Euensonge, or Masse in any Church, Chappell, or other Priuate Places within your Dioces, and ye shall see all such offenders conuented before you and punished according vnto the Ecclesiasticall Lawes, with seuere and strait punishment therefore. Likewise ye shall see one only order vsed in your Dioces according to our sayd booke and none other.

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4 Fourthly, ye shall both by your selfe, and all your officers vnder you, search out and conuent before you more diligently then heretofore ye haue done, (as appertaineth to youre office) all Adulterers and see the same punyshed according to the ecclesiacall lawes, and to the authority geuen you in that behalfe.

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5 We haue heard also complayntes, that the Churche of Pauls and other Churches of Londō are of late more neglected, aswell in reparation of the glasse, as other buildinges and ornamentes of the same, thē they were hertofore wont, and that diuers and many persons in the Citie of malice denieth the payment of their due tith to their Curates, wherby the Curates are both iniured and made not so well able and in maner discouraged to do their dueties. The which thing also our wil and commaundement is, ye shall diligētly looke vnto and see redressed as apperteineth.

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Marginalia Boner Byshop of London commaunded to keepe his own house. 6And forasmuch as all these complaynts be made as most done and committed in London, to the entent you may look more earnestly, better and more diligently to the reformatiō of them, our pleasure is that you shall abide and keepe residence in your house there, as in the Citie, sea and principall place of your Dioces, & none otherwhere for a certain time, vntill you shalbe otherwise licenced by vs.

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And thus hauing brought Bishop Boner home to his owne house, there to leaue him a while to take his ease in his own lodging till we returne to him againe, MarginaliaThe rebelles in Cornewall and Deuonshyre. wee will in the mean time make a litle intercourse into Cornwall and Deuonshire to discourse some part of the disordered and disloyall doinges of those men against their so meek and excellent a prince, hauing no cause ministred therūto: yea hauing cause rather to yeald prayse and thankes to the Lorde for such a quyet and peaceable Prince in his mercy geuen vnto them. But such is the condition of vnquiet natures that they can not skill of peace. And where due discretion lacketh, there lewd disposed persons cannot tell when they be well, again some be so crooked and so peruersly geuē, that the more curteously they be intreated, the worse they are: And when by honest diligēce they list not to get their liuing, by publick disturbance of common weales they think to thriue. And so seemed it to fare with this seditious people of Cornwall and Deuonshire, who hauing so good and vertuous a King, that if they should haue sought him as Diogenes (they say) did secke for a man with a candle, a meker and better sufferaine they could not haue found, a crueller they well deserued: yet were they not with him contented, but contrary to all order, reason, nature, and loyaltie, aduaunced themselues in a rebellious conspiracy against him, and against his proceedinges MarginaliaPopishe priestes first stirrers of this rebellion. through the pernitious instigaton, first (as it seemeth) of certain Popish Priestes who grudginge and disdayning against the Iniunctions and godly order of reformation set forwarde by the king, and specially mourninge to see their olde Popishe Church of Rome to decay, ceased not by all sinister & subtile meanes, MarginaliaAll wickednes first beginneth vnder fayre pretenses. first vnder Gods name and the kinges and vnder coulor of Religion to perswade the people, then to gather sides and to assemble in companies, to gather Captaines, and at last to brast out in rancke rebellion. Neither lacked there amongest the lay sorte some as seditiously disposed as they to mischiefe and madnes as well Gentlemen as other.

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MarginaliaCaptaines of the rebelles in Deuonshire. Of whom the chiefe Gentlemen Captaines were Vmfrey Arundell Esquier, gouernour of the Mount, Iames Rosogan, Iohn Rosogan, Iohn Payne, Thomas Vnderhill, Iohn Soleman, William Segar. MarginaliaPriests rebelles and traytors against the king. Of Priestes which were principall sturrers and some of them gouernours of the Camps and after executed, were to the number of 8. whose names were Rob. Bochim, Iohn Tompson, Roger Barret, Iohn Wolcoke, Wil. Alsa, Iames Mourton, Ioh. Barrow, Rich. Benet, besides a multitude of other popish priestes, which to the same faction were adioyned. The number of the whole Rebellion, speakinge with the least, mounted litle lesse then to the summe of tenne thousand stout traitors.

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MarginaliaDiuers Commotions in K. Edwards tyme suppressed. These hearing first of the commotions which began about the same time in other parties to broyle, as in Oxfordshire, Yorkeshire, and especially in Northfolke and Suffolk, began to take therin some courage, hoping that they would haue well fortified the same wyth Quarell. But afterward perceiuyng howe the mischieuous mutterynges and enterprises of their conspiracie dyd sodenly fayle, either beyng preuūted by tyme, or repressed by power, or þt their cause being but onely about pluckyng downe of enclosures and enlarging of commons, was deuided from theirs, so that either they would not or could not ioyne their ayde together, then began they againe to quaile, and their courage to debate. Notwithstandyng for so much as they had gone so far, that they thought there was no shrynkyng backe, they fell to new deuises and inuentions for the best furtheraunce of their desperate purposes.

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MarginaliaThe citie of Excestor inuaded by the rebels. Their first intent was, after they had spoyled their own countrey most miserably, to inuade the Citie of Exceter, & so consequently all other partes of the Realme. But first for Exceter they gaped, the gates whereof twyse they burned but gayned nothing sauyng onely goonshot, wherof they lacked no plēty. Beyng put from Exceter, they fell on spoilyng and robbyng where or what soeuer they might catch. At length laying their traiterous heades together, they consulted vpon certain Articles to be sent vp. MarginaliaDiuersitie of wittes amongest the rebels. But herein such diuersitie of heads and wittes was amongest them, that for euery kinde of brayne there was one maner of Article: so þt neither appeared any consent in their diuersitie, not yet any constancie in their agreement. Some semed more tolerable. Other altogether vnreasonable. Some would haue no Iustice. Some would haue no state of Gentlemē. The priests euer harped of one string, to ring in the Bishop of Rome into England againe and to hallowe home Cardinall Poole their countrey man.

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After much adoe and litle to the purpose, at last a few sorie Articles were agreed vppon to bee directed vnto the kyng, with the names of certayne set therunto, the copie wherof here ensueth.

MarginaliaThe Articles of the Deuonshyre men, to the kyng and his Counsaile. ¶ The Articles of the Commons of Deuonshire and Cornwall sent to the kyng, with aunswers afterward following vnto the same.

Marginalia1.
Sacramēt of Baptisme.
F Irst for as much as man, except he be borne, of water and the holy Ghost, can not enter into the kingdome of God and for asmuch as the gates of heauen be not opened without this blessed Sacrament of Baptisme, therfore we wil þt our Curates shall minister this Sacrament at all times of nede, aswell in the weeke dayes as on the holy dayes.

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Marginalia2.
Cōfirmatiō.
Item, we will haue our children confirmed of the Byshop when soeuer we shal wtin the Dioces resort vnto him.

Marginalia3.
Cōsecration of the Lords body.
Item, for asmuch as we constantly beleue that after the Prieste hath spoken the woordes of consecration being at Masse, there celebratyng and consecrating the same, there is very really the body and bloud of our sauiour Iesu Christ God and man, and that no substance of bread and wine remaineth after, but the very selfe same body that was borne of the virgin Marie, and was geuen vppon the Crosse for our redemption: therfore we will haue Masse celebrated as it hath bene in tymes past, without any man communicatyng with the Priestes, for asmuch as many rudely presuming vnworthely to receiue the same, put no difference betwene the Lordes body and other kind of meate, some saying that it is bread before and after, some saying that it is profitable to no man except he receiue it, with many other abused termes.

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Marginalia4.
Reseruation of the Lords body consecrated.
Item, we will haue in our Churches reseruation.

Marginalia5.
Holy bread and holy water.
Item, wee will haue holy bread and holy water in the remembraunce of Christes precious body and bloude.

Item we will that our Priestes shall sing or say with an audible voyce, Gods seruice in the Quier of the Parishe Churches, & not Gods seruice to be set forth like a Chrstmasse play.

Marginalia6.
The single lyfe of Priestes.
Item, for asmuch as Priestes be men dedicated to God for ministring and celebratyng the blessed Sacraments and preachyng of Gods word, we will that they shal liue chaste without Mariage, as S. Paule dyd being the elect and chosen vessell of God, saying vnto all honest Priestes, bee you folowers of me.

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Marginalia7.
The 6. articles to be renued.
Item, wee will that the vj. Articles, whiche our soueraigne Lorde Kynge Henry the eight set forth in his latter daies, shall be vsed and so taken as they were at that tyme.

Item, we pray God saue king Edward, for we be hys, both body and goodes.

¶ A message sent by the kinges Maiestie, to certayne of hys people assembled in Deuonshire.

MarginaliaThe aunswere of the kyng to the Articles of the rebelles in Deuonshyre. ALthough knowledge hath bene geuen to vs and our derest Vncle Edward Duke of Somerset, Gouernor of our person, and Protector of all our Realmes, Dominions and Subiectes, and to the rest of our priuy counsail, of diuers assemblies made by you, which ought of duetye to bee

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