MarginaliaRom. viij. Marginalia1557. Iune.God. Neither high nor low, riche nor poore, life nor death, shalbe able to put you from Christ: but by him I trust you shall enter into new Hierusalem, there to liue for euer, beholdyng the glory of God with the same eyes that you now haue, and all other faythful people that continue to the end. Geue all honour and glory to God the father, God the sonne, and God the holy Ghost, thre persons and one God, to be honoured now and euer, Amen.[Back to Top]
After these examinations thus had and commensed betwene Richard Woodman and the Byshops, he was (as is afore told) iudged by sentence of condemnation, and so depriued of his lyfe: with whom also was burned 9. other, to witte, fiue mē and foure women, which were taken not past two or three dayes before their Iudgement. The names of all whiche beyng also before expressed, here agayne follow in this order. Richard Woodman, George Steuens, William Maynard,
Quite possibly this is the William Maynard whose arrest for unlicensed preaching had been ordered by the privy council in April 1555 (APC V, p. 110).
Margery Morris and James Morris and John Ashdon are all mentioned in a later list of those persecuted in the diocese of Chichester: see 1563, pp. 1633-34; 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1917 and 1583, p. 2024.
These persons here aboue named, and blessed Martyrs, were put to death at Lewes, the xxij. of Iune.
Of the whiche number the viij. last were apprehended (as is sayd) either the same day, or the second or third day before, and so with the sayd Wodman and Steuens were together committed to the fire: in whiche space no write could come downe from London to the Iustices, for their burnyng.
It was illegal to execute a person for heresy without a writ from the lord chancellor authorizing the execution.
See 1563, pp. 1702-03; 1570, pp. 2254-56; 1576, pp. 1947-48 and 1583, pp. 2054-55.
See 1563, pp. 1672-73; 1570, pp. 2253-54; 1576, pp. 1905-06 and 1583, pp. 2013-14.
See 1563, 1541-45; 1570, pp. 2127-34; 1576, p. 1849-55 and 1583, pp. 1943-47.
This brief note is that all that Foxe ever printed on Ambrose; it appeared without change in all four editions.
MarginaliaAmbrose died in prison, Confessor.AFter these x. aboue named burnt at Lewes, about the same tyme and moneth, one Ambrose dyed in Maydstone prison, who els should haue bene burned in the like cause and quarell, as the other were.
Richard Lush is not mentioned in the 1563 edition; this account first appeared in the 1570 edition and remained unchanged in subsequent editions. It was based on a copy of a section of the diocesan registers of Bath and Wells which remains in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 111r-114r).
MarginaliaThe condemnation of Richard Lushe.IN the Registers of Gilbert Byshop of Bathe & Welles, I finde a certificate made to K. Philip and Q. Mary, of one Richard Lush, ther condemned and geuen to the secular power to be burned for the cause of heresy, whose affirmations in the sayd certificate be expressed in tenour and effect, as followeth.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaHis articles.FIrst, for denying the verity of the body & bloud of Christ in the Sacrament of the aulter.
2 Item, for denying auricular confession to be made to the Priest.
3 Item, for affirming onely to be three sacramentes, to wit, of Baptisme, of the supper and of Matrimonie.
4 Item, for refusing to call the Lordes Supper by the name of the Sacrament of the aulter.
5 Item, for denying Purgatory, and that prayer ande almes profite not the dead.
6 Item, that Images are not to be suffered in the Church and that all that kneele to Images at the Church, be Idolators.
In the extract from the registers in Foxe's papers, this article goes on to declare that one Roger Hues, of Somerset, had been burned in Mary's reign. Foxe never mentions Hues.
8 Item, for condemnyng the single, life of Priestes, and other votaries.
9 Item, for denying the vniuersall and catholicke Church (meanyng belike the Church of Rome).
For these assertions, as there are expressed, he was condemned, and committed to the Sheriffes, and also a certificat directed by the Byshop aforesayd, to the King and Q. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Richard Lushe in the dioces of Bathe and Welles.Whereby we haue apparantly to vnderstand, that the sayd Richard Lush, thus condemned by Bishop Borne, was there burnt and executed, vnlesse peraduenture in þe meane season he dyed or was made away in the prison: whereof I haue no certaintie to expresse.[Back to Top]
This account first appeared in the 1570 edition and it appeared while the edition was being printed, as can be seen in its being printed in the edition about a hundred pages after Hullier's letters were printed. It is based entirely on an eye-witness account (or the accounts of multiple eyewitness) of Hullier's execution.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Hullier with more matter enlarged.COncernyng the story of Iohn Hullier, Martyr, partly mencioned before pag. 1800. for the more full declaration of the death and Martyrdome of that good man, because the story is but rawly and imperfectly touched before, for the more perfettyng thereof, I thought thereunto to adde that which since hath come to my hand, as followeth.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIohn Hullier first Scholer at Eaton.First Iohn Hullier was brought vp at Eaton Colledge and after, accordyng to the foundation of that house, for that he was ripe for the vniuersity, he was elected scholer in the kinges Colledge where also not tarying ful the three yeares of probation, before he was fellow of the Colledge, MarginaliaIohn Hullier Conduct in the Kings Colledge.he after a litle season was one of the x. Conductes in the Kynges Colledge, which was an. 1539. Then at length in processe of tyme, he came to be Curate of Babrame 3. miles from Cambridge, and so went afterward to Linne: MarginaliaHullier brought from Linne to the Byshop of Ely.where he hauyng diuers conflictes with the papistes,
How and why Hullier was initially arrested is a subject on which Foxe is silent, either through ignorance or circumspection. But Hullier had appeared before the sessions in August 1555 (Narratives of the Days of the Reformation, ed. J. G. Nichols, Camden Society, original series 77 , p. 206). We do not know the outcome of this hearing but apparently Hullier was remanded into the custody of the bishop of Ely.[Back to Top]
From thence he was conueyed to the towne prison commonly called the Tolboth, MarginaliaHullier prisoned in the Tolboth. lying there almost a quarter of a yeare, while at length he was cited to appeare at great S. Maries on Palmsonday euen, before diuers Doctors both Diuines & Lawyers, amongest whō was chiefest Doctor Shaxton, also Doct. Young, D. Sedgewyke, D. Scot, Mytch and others. Where after examination had, for that he woulde not recant, he was first condemned, the sentence beyng red by D. Fuller.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaHullier disgraded.Then consequently he was disgraded after theyr popishe maner with scrapyng crowne and handes. When they had disgraded hym, he sayd cherefully: this is the ioyfullest day that euer I saw, and I thanke ye all, that ye haue deliuered and lightened me of all this paltry.
In the meane tyme whilest it was doyng, one standing by, asked Hullier what booke he had in his hand. Who aunswered a Testamēt. Wherat this man in a rage tooke it and threw it violently from him. Then was he giuen ouer to þe secular powers, Brasey MarginaliaBrasey Mayor of Cambridge. beyng Maior, who carying him to prison agayne, tooke from him all his bookes, wrytynges,and papers.[Back to Top]
On Maundy Thursday comming to the stake, he exhorted the people to pray for him, and after holding hys peace and praying to himselfe, one spake to him saying, the Lord strengthen the. Wherat a Sergeant named Brisley, MarginaliaBrisley Sergeant, persecutor. stayed and bad him hold his toung or els he should repent it.[Back to Top]
Neuerthelesse Hullier aunswered and sayd (either thus or very like, the effect was all one): MarginaliaHulliers stedfast trust in God.frend I trust that as God hath hetherto begon, so also he will strengthen me, and finish his worke vpō me. I am bydden to a Maundy, whe-