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825 [801]

K. Henry. 8. Persecution in the Dioces of Lyncolne.

Marginalia1521.
Ex Regist. Io. Longland. Lincol.

Accusers. Parties accused. Crimes obiected.
mouse did eate it. Af-
terward the facte of
these Priestes being
knowen & brought to
the Bishop, one of þe
priestes was burned
for the same.
The fore-
said Iohn
Butler did
detect.
Ioh. Clerke
of Denham.
Also þe same Vulford
and Geffrey told him
& Iohn Clerke, that
holy bread, & holy wa
ter were but a vayne
glory of the world: for
God neuer made thē,
but were mens inuē-
tions: and that God
neither made priestes
for in Christs tyme
there wer no priests.
Moreouer that Tho
mas Geffrey caused
this Ioh. Butler di-
uerse Sōdayes to go
to Londō to here do-
ctour Colet. MarginaliaDoctour Colet commended.

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Andrew
Fuller of
Vxbridge.
Because this Iohn
Butler had an olde
boke of R. Vulford.
Also an other great
boke of Andrew Ful
ler for which he paid
vi. s. iiij. d.  
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is interested in demonstrating the zeal of the Lollards in acquiring godly literature, but this is also an indication of the affluence of many of these Lollards. On the importance of books to the Lollards see Margaret Aston, 'Lollardy and Literacy' in Lollards and Reformers: Images and and literacy in late medieval England (London, 1984), pp. 1-47.

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& another
little booke of Tho-
mas Man, 
Commentary  *  Close

This detailed account of Thomas Man appears to be based on two sources that are now lost: a court book of the diocese of London recording heresy trials under Bishops Fitzjames and Tunstall, and a court book of the diocese of Lincoln, recording heresy trials under Bishops Smith and Longland. (The Lincoln courtbook probably also contained the now lost records of Longland's persecution in the Chilterns in 1521). Foxe may also have had an unnamed informant for Thomas Man's execution. Foxe's account of Man is very convincing in its circumstantial detail. There is also one piece of corroboration for it: the signification of Man's excommunication and transfer to secular authority for execution and it is dated 1 March 1518 (TNA C 85/126/28).

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which he
brought to the bish.
Thomas Man. Moreouer this Tho
mas Man was ap-
peached, because he
red to this deponōt x.
yere ago: how Adam
& Eue were expelled
out of paradise: & for
speaking against pil-
grimage & worship-
ping of Images, and
against þe singing ser-
uice vsed thē in chur-
ches. This Thomas
Man was burnt and
died a martir, of whō mention is made be-
fore. 
Commentary  *  Close

This detailed account of Thomas Man appears to be based on two sources that are now lost: a court book of the diocese of London recording heresy trials under Bishops Fitzjames and Tunstall, and a court book of the diocese of Lincoln, recording heresy trials under Bishops Smith and Longland. (The Lincoln courtbook probably also contained the now lost records of Longland's persecution in the Chilterns in 1521). Foxe may also have had an unnamed informant for Thomas Man's execution. Foxe's account of Man is very convincing in its circumstantial detail. There is also one piece of corroboration for it: the signification of Man's excommunication and transfer to secular authority for execution and it is dated 1 March 1518 (TNA C 85/126/28).

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pag. 790.
W. King This W. King was
appeached because he
lodged Tho. Man 
Commentary  *  Close

This detailed account of Thomas Man appears to be based on two sources that are now lost: a court book of the diocese of London recording heresy trials under Bishops Fitzjames and Tunstall, and a court book of the diocese of Lincoln, recording heresy trials under Bishops Smith and Longland. (The Lincoln courtbook probably also contained the now lost records of Longland's persecution in the Chilterns in 1521). Foxe may also have had an unnamed informant for Thomas Man's execution. Foxe's account of Man is very convincing in its circumstantial detail. There is also one piece of corroboration for it: the signification of Man's excommunication and transfer to secular authority for execution and it is dated 1 March 1518 (TNA C 85/126/28).

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in
his house vpō a cer-
tain holiday at diuine
seruice: vnto whō resorted R. Vulford, & I. Clerke, and this
I. Butler: to whom
the sayd Tho. Man 
Commentary  *  Close

This detailed account of Thomas Man appears to be based on two sources that are now lost: a court book of the diocese of London recording heresy trials under Bishops Fitzjames and Tunstall, and a court book of the diocese of Lincoln, recording heresy trials under Bishops Smith and Longland. (The Lincoln courtbook probably also contained the now lost records of Longland's persecution in the Chilterns in 1521). Foxe may also have had an unnamed informant for Thomas Man's execution. Foxe's account of Man is very convincing in its circumstantial detail. There is also one piece of corroboration for it: the signification of Man's excommunication and transfer to secular authority for execution and it is dated 1 March 1518 (TNA C 85/126/28).

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declared, that pilgri-
mage was nought, & that Images were not
to be worshipped.
Rob.t Car-
der. Durdant.
Rich. But-
ler his own
brother.
Wil. Kyng.
To these was layd þt
T. Carder brought
this Iohn Butler to
Durdantes house at
Iuēcourt by Stanis
where was R. But-
ler his brother, & W.
King reading in a cer-
taine English booke:
At which tyme Durd
āt desired thē not to tell, þt he had any such Englishe boke in hys
house, lest hee shoulde
be burned for þe same.
Rich. Nash
or Ashford.
Also an other tyme, þt this I. Butler with
Rich. Butler hys brother, and R.
Carder went to þe house of R. Ash-
ford or Nashe, to here þe same Ash-
ford read in a certein litle booke, but
which conteined many good things.

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Iohn Phip
compelled by his othe to detect.
Rich. Vul-
man of Lō-
don.
This Vulman was
detected vpō this, for
that he woulde haue
red to this I. But-
ler a certain English
boke, & spake against
pilgrimage & images
Hen. Vulman & his wife of Vxbridge.
Radulph
Carpenter
of London.
A daughter
of Iohn
Phip. 
Commentary  *  Close

A John Phipp appeared on the list of those in the Amersham area who abjured in 1511. It probably was not the same person, since Phipp was not executed for relapse in 1521, but it could well have been a close relative.


A daughter
of William
Phip.
This Rafe Carpen-
ter was detected, for
hauing certain bokes
of the Apoc. in Eng-
lish. Also for that this
Carpenter & his wife
did bring him and the
wife of Henry Vul-
man to a cornerhouse
of fridaystrete, where
the goodman of the
house hauing a stūpe
foote, had diuers such
bokes, to the entēt they
shold heare thē read.
R. Butler.
Ienkin But-
ler his own
brethren.
The mo-
ther of Ri-
chard Ash-
ford.
I. Butler his
other bro-
ther.
These were detected
partly for holdyng a-
gaynst the sacrament
of the alter: partly al-
so, because they were
readyng two houres
together in a certaine
boke of þe actes of the
apostles in english
at Chershā in Ashfords
house. fol. 43.

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The wife of
Rob. Pope.
MarginaliaFor reading bookes in Englishe. For hauing certaine
bokes in english, one
bound in bordes, & 3.
with parchmēt coue-
ringes, with 4. other
shetes of paper writ-
ten in english contey-
ning matter agaynst
the Romish religion.
Also another boke of
the seruice of the virgine Mary in english.
Tho. Stil-
man.
Tho. Stilman was
therfore detected, for
þt he told W. Fip
how
þt he being in lolards
tower, did clime vp þe
steple where the bels
were, & there cutting
þe belropes, did tye ij.
of them together, & so
by them slipped down
into Paules churchyard & escaped.

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Tho. Tredway
com-
pelled by
his othe to
detect
Iohn Mor-
dē of Ashly grene.
Rich. Ashe-
ford his bro
ther.
These were accused
and detected, because
Iohn Mordē had in
his house a booke of
the Gospelles, and
other chapters in en
glish, & read 3. or 4.
times in þe same: In
which booke his bro-
ther Ashford also did
read once. Item, be-
cause I. mordē spake
against Images, and
spake these wordes:
our lord Iesus christ
saith in his Gospell:
blessed be they þt hear
the word of God and
kepeth it. &c.
Agnes
Ashford his
owne mo-
ther.
Tredway also detec-
ted his mother for tea
ching him þt he should
not worship the ima-
ges of saintes.

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MarginaliaIoanne Bernard ¶ Likewise Ioane Bernard being accused by Robert Copland, was sworne by her othe to detecte T. Bernarde her owne naturall father, 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is genuinely shocked by Bishop Longland's methods of investigation, which undermined the integrity of both family and community.

for speakyng agaynst pilgrimage, agaynst worshipyng of saintes and agaynst diriges and praying for þe dead, and for warnyng his daughter not to vtter any of all this to her Ghostly father.

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¶ The lyke othe also was forced to Richard Ber-

nard
CCc.iij.