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David Straiton (Stratoun)

(d. 1534) [Fines]

Gentleman of Dundee; close friend of Erskine of Dun; hanged and burnt for refusal of the tithe and reading scripture

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

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David Straiton was accused of denying purgatory and refusing to pay tithes. He refused to recant, was condemned and burnt. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

 
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Henry Forrest (Forres)

Born in Linlithgow. BA St Andrews 1526; [Fines]; martyred in 1532 or 1533

Forrest stated that Patrick Hamilton had died a martyr and that his articles were true. He was arrested and his confession to a friar while in prison was used as evidence to condemn him. He was found guilty of heresy and burnt. 1570, p. 1116; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

 
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James Beaton

(c. 1473 - 1539) [ODNB]

Administrator; archbishop of St Andrews (1522/23 - 39)

Patrick Hamilton was brought before James Beaton and his colleagues for examination. He was condemned and burnt. 1563, p. 460; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

[In the 1563 edition, Foxe incorrectly identifies him as David Beaton, cardinal and archbishop of St Andrews (1539 - 46)]

 
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James Hay

(d. 1538) [Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae]

Cistercian; bishop of Ross (1523 - 38) and commissioner for James Beaton, archbishop of St Andrews

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

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James Hay condemned David Straiton and Norman Gourlay, who refused to recant, to be burnt. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

 
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James V of Scotland

(1512 - 1542) [ODNB]

King of the Scots (1513 - 42)

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

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King James advised James Hamilton not to appear, since he could not help him if he did. Hamilton fled, was convicted of heresy and had his goods confiscated. The king encouraged the others to recant. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

After the Act of Supremacy, Henry VIII attempted to improve relations with other monarchs by sending ambassadors. Sir Ralph Sadler was sent to James V, king of the Scots. 1570, p. 1218; 1576, p. 1043; 1583, p. 1070.

François I of France married his daughter to James V, breaking an agreement with Henry VIII. 1570, p. 1239; 1576, p. 1061; 1583, p. 1088.

 
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John Spens

Lawyer of St Andrews; commissary of St Andrews 1530; official of St Andrews (1533(?), 1534 - 39) [Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]

John Spens was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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Katherine Hamilton

Wife of the captain of Dunbar; sister of Patrick and James Hamilton [ODNB sub Patrick Hamilton]

Convinced by her brother Patrick; recanted

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

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Katherine Hamilton was accused of maintaining that her own works would not save her. The king, her relative, urged her to recant and she was released. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

 
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Laing Walter

Friar of St Andrews

Walter Laing was sent to hear the confession of Henry Forrest in prison and then reported the contents to the archbishop. 1570, p. 982; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 1116.

 
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Norman Gourlay

(d. 1534) [Fines]

Scottish priest; MA St Andrews 1515; burnt at Edinburgh

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

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Norman Gourlay was accused of denying purgatory and calling the pope antichrist. He refused to recant, was condemned and burnt. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

 
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Patrick Hamilton

(c. 1504 - 1528) [ODNB]

Theologian; protestant martyr

University of Paris 1517/18; MA 1520; at University of St Andrews 1524; University of Marburg 1527; returned to preach; subjected to a slow, horrific burning

Patrick Hamilton was the first at the University of Marburg to set up conclusions for disputation. He returned to Scotland to preach and was brought before Bishop Beaton and his colleagues. He was condemned the same day and burnt. 1563, p. 460; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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Robert Lowson

Vicar of Ecclesgreig, Aberdeenshire

Robert Lowson demanded tithes from David Straiton, who threw the tithe fish from the boat, allowing some to fall into the sea. Lowson accused him to the authorities of saying that tithes should not be paid. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

 
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Sir James Hamilton

of Kincavel nr Linlithgow [ODNB sub Patrick]; elder brother of Patrick

Persuaded by brother, but escaped martyrdom; declared heretic, goods confiscated

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

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James Hamilton was accused of holding the same opinions as his brother Patrick. King James advised James Hamilton not to appear, since he could not help him if he did. Hamilton fled, was convicted of heresy and had his goods confiscated. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

 
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Dunbar Castle

[Dunbarre]

Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland

OS grid ref: NT 678 793

 
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Holyrood House [Halyrowdhouse]

Edinburgh, Scotland

Augustinian abbey; royal palace from 1501

OS grid ref: NT 268 739

 
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Leith [Lieth]

Firth of Forth, Scotland

OS grid ref: NT 275 765

 
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Linlithgow

[Lithquow; Kynclitgowe]

Firth of Forth, West Lothian, Scotland

OS grid ref: NT 005 765

 
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Monimail [Monymaill]

Fife, Scotland

Palace of the archbishops of St Andrews

OS grid ref: NO 298 141

 
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Restalrig [Eglesgrig]

Edinburgh, Scotland

OS grid ref: NT 285 745

1006 [982]

K. Hen. 8. Henry Forest, Iames Hamelton, Dauid Straton, in Scotland Martyrs.

MarginaliaHow to ioyne both the law & the Gospell.And againe in publike order of doctrine, let euery discrete preacher put a difference betweene the broken heart of the mourning sinner, and the vnrepentant wordling, and so conioyne bothe the law, with the Gospel, and the Gospel, with the law, that in throwing downe the wicked, euer hee spare the weake hearted: and agayne so spare the weake, that he doe not encourage the vngodly. And thus muche concerning the coniunction and difference betweene the lawe and the Gospell, vppon the occasion of M. Patrikes places.

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Persecutors.Martyrs.The causes.
MarginaliaHenry Forest, Martyr.Wythin fewe yeares
after the martyrdome of
master Patrike Hamel-
ton, one Henry Forrest,
a yonge manne borne in
Lithquow, who a lyttle
before, had receiued the
orders of Bennette and
Collette (as they tearme
them) affirmed and said,
that master Patrike Ha-
melton died a Martyr,
and that hys Articles
Iames Be-were true: for the whych
ton Archb.Henry Fo-hee was apprehended,
of S. An-rest.and put in prysonne by
drewes.Iames Beton Archby-
shop of Saint Andrews.
Who shortlye after, cau-
sed a certaine Fryer na-
med Walter Laing, to
heare hys confession. To
whom when Henry Fo-
rest in secreate confession
had declared hys consci-
ence howe hee thoughte
maister Patrike to bee a
good man, and wrong-
fully to be put to deathe,
& that his articles were
true and not hereticall:
the Frier came and vtte-
red to the Byshoppe, MarginaliaThe Fryer vttereth the cōfessiō of Henry Forest.the
confession that hee hadde
heard, which before was
not throughly knowne.
Whereupon it followed,
that his confession being
brought as sufficiēt pro-
bation againste hym, hee
was therfore conuented
before the Councel of the
Frier Wal-clergy and Doctors, and
ter Laing, bethere concluded to be an
wraier ofAt S. An-heretick, equal in iniqui-
the confes-drewes intie with maister Patrick
sion of thysScotland.Hameltō, & there decre-
Henry Fo-ed to be geuen to the se-
rest.culare Iudges to suffer
death.
When the daye came
of his death, and that hee
should first be degraded,
and was brought before
the Cleargye in a greene
place, being betwene the
castle of S. Andrewes,
and another place called
Monymaill, assoone as
he entred in at the doore,
and sawe the face of the
clergy, perceiuing wher-
unto they tended, he cry-
ed wyth a loude voyce,
saying: MarginaliaPhie on false Fryers.Fie, on falshoode:
Fie on false Friers, reuealers of confession: after this
day, let no man euer trust any false Friers, contem-
ners of Gods woorde, and deceiuers of men. And so
they proceeding to degrade him of hys small orders
of Benet and Collet, he sayd wyth a loud voyce, take
from me not onely your owne orders, but also youre
owne baptisme, meaning thereby, whatsoeuer is be-
sides that which Christ himselfe instituted, whereof
there is a great rablement in Baptisme. Then after
his degradation, they coudemned him as an heretike
Persecutors.Martyrs.The causes.
equall wyth M. Patrike aforesayd: and so he suffered
death for his faithful testimony of the truth of Christ,
and of his Gospell at the Northchurche stile of the
Abbey Church of S. Andrewe, to the entent that all
þe people of Anguishe might see the fire, and so might
be the more feared from falling into the like doctrin,
whych they terme by the name of heresie, Ex Scripto
testimonio Scotorum.
MarginaliaIames Hamelton. Katherine Hamelton his sister. A wife of Leith, persecuted. Dauid Stratō, Norman Gurley, Martyrs.Wythin a yeere after
the martyrdome of Hen-
ry Forest, or there about,
was called Iames Ha-
melton of Kynclitgowe,
his sister Katherine Ha-
melton, the spouse of the
captaine of Dunbar, also
an other honest woman
of Lieth, Dauid Straton
of the house of Lawri-
stonne, and M. Norman
Gurlay. These were cal-
led to the Abbey Church
of Halyrowdhouse in E-
denburghe, by Iames
Iames HayIames Ha-Hay, Bishoppe of Rose,
bishop ofmelton, brocommissioner to Iames
Rose andther to M.Beton Archbyshoppe, in
commissio-Patrike.presence of King Iames
ner of IamesKatherinethe fift of that name: who
Beton ArchHamelton.vppon the daye of theyr
bishop ofA wife ofaccusation, was altoge-
S. Andrews.Lieth.ther clad in red apparell.
Dauid Stra-Iames Hamelton, was
ton.accused as one that main
M. Normantained the opynions of
Gurlay.M. Patrick hys brother.
To whome the Kynge
gaue counsaile to depart,
M. Iohnand not to appeare: for
Spens Law-in case hee appeared, hee
yer.coulde not helpe him, be-
cause the Byshops hadde
perswaded hym, that the
cause of heresie dyd in no
wise appertain vnto him
and so Iames fledde and
was condemned as an
heretike, & all hys goodes
and lands confiscate, and
disposed vnto others.
Catherine Hamelton his Sister, appeared vpon
the scaffolde, and being accused of an horrible heresie,
to witte, that her owne woorkes coulde not saue her,
shee graunted the same, and after long reasoning be-
tweene her and M. Iohn Spens the Lawyer, shee
concluded in this manner: worke here, worke there:
what kinde of working is all this? I knowe perfect-
ly that no kinde of workes can saue me, but only the
workes of Christ my Lord and Sauiour. MarginaliaA great heresie in the Popes church, that no workes can saue vs, but the workes of Christ.The kyng
hearing these words, turned hym about and laught,
and called her vnto him and caused her to recant, be-
cause shee was his aunt, and shee escaped.
The woman of Leith was detected heereof, that
when the midwife in time of her labour, bad her saye
our Ladye helpe mee: Shee cried, MarginaliaA great heresie to say Christ helpe, & not our Ladye.Christe helpe mee,
Christe helpe mee, in whose helpe I truste. Shee also
was caused to recant, and so escaped, without confis-
cation of her goods, because she was maried.
Maister Norman Gurley, for that he sayde there
was no such thing as Purgatory, and that the Pope
was not a Byshop, but Antichriste, and had no iuris-
diction in Scotland.
Also Dauid Straton, for that hee sayde, MarginaliaAgaynst Purgatorye.there was
no Purgatorie, but the Passion of Christe, and the
triubulations of thys worlde, and because that, when
M. Robert Lowson Vicare of Eglesgrig asked hys
tieth fishe of hym, hee did caste them to him out of the
boate, so that some of them fel into the Sea: therefore
he accused hym, as one that shoulde haue sayde, that
no tithes should be payed. These two, because after
great sollicitation made by the kynge, they refused to
abiure and recant, were therefore condemned by the
Byshop of Rose as heretickes, and were burned vp-
on