Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Cecily Eaton

of Speen, Hertfordshire [Fines]; wife of John

Cecily Eaton was accused of refusing to look at the sacrament and criticising church bells. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Dr Aglonby

Argued with James Algar

James Algar was charged in 1530 with arguing with Dr Aglonby. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, pp. 985-86.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
James Algar (Ayger)

of Lincoln diocese; argued with Dr Aglonby in 1530 [Fines]

James Algar was charged with challenging Dr Aglonby's orthodox doctrine, examined by John Prynne, and abjured. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, pp. 985-86.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Eaton

of Speen, Hertfordshire [Fines]

John Eaton was accused of refusing to look at the sacrament and criticising church bells. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Hawkes

Buckinghamshire Lollard

John Hawkes was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Prynne

(d. 1558) [Emden; Fasti]

BCL Oxford 1506; BCnL 1510; DCnL 1522; prebendary of Ketton (1528 - 58); treasurer of Lincoln (1532 - 35); subdean of Lincoln (1535 - 58)

James Algar was brought before John Prynne in 1530, charged with arguing with Dr Aglonby, and abjured. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, pp. 985-86.

Prynne was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1212; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Simonds

of London [Fines]

Attended Richard Field's meeting at Speen; himself held a meeting there, when he read from the gospel; arrested by the bishop of Winchester's officials but broke out of the window

John Simonds read from the gospel for two hours at a meeting at John Taylor's house at Speen. He was accused of denying purgatory and favouring the marriage of priests. He confessed to converting priests and encouraging friars to leave their orders. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Taylor

of Speen, Hertfordshire [Fines]; held lectures, scripture readings at his house

John Rayburne admitted to attending a reading at John Taylor's house. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas or Richard Field

of London; preacher

Richard or Nicholas Field was examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for leading a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Deane

of Chesham, Buckinghamshire [Fines]

Richard Deane was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Rayburne

Father of John Rayburne

Richard Rayburne was a witness against John and Cecily Eaton and against his own son, John Rayburne, when called before John Longland in 1530. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Hawes

of West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire [Fines]

Robert Hawes was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Simon Wisdom

of Burford

[Probably the same as Simon Burford (d. c. 1585) [Gretton, Burford, pp. 97, 103 and 199-201]

Clothier and mercer of Burford, Oxfordshire; purchased sufficient land to attain status of yeoman; bailiff of Burford seven times in the years 1545-67 and alderman nine times in the years 1559-81; steward of the town in 1553]

Simon Wisdom was charged by Bishop Longland with having the scriptures and a psalter in English in his possession and abjured. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, p. 085.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Clerke the younger

(d. 1559) [Plumb, p. 183; Fines] of Hughenden; detected at Amersham in 1521; attended a meeting at John Tayor's house in 1530

Thomas Clerke the younger was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Hawkes (Hawkyns)

of Hughenden, Buckinghamshire [Fines]

Thomas Hawkes was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Herne

of Cobshill (Coleshill?), Buckinghamshire [Fines]

Thomas Herne was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Lound

Priest of London [Fines]; had been with Luther two years; imprisoned in the Fleet

Thomas Lound was a teacher of John Rayburne of Risborough. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Hawkes

of Chesham, Buckinghamshire

William Hawkes was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Wingrave

of Hughenden, Buckinghamshire [Fines]

William Wingrave was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Burford
NGR: SP 254 124

A market town and parish in the hundred of Bampton, county of Oxford. 18.5 miles west-north-west from Oxford. The living is a discharged vicarage, with the perpetual curacy of Fulbrook annexed, in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Oxford.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

[Back to Top]
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Chesham

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SP 965 015

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Coleshill [Cobshill]

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SU 945 955

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Fleet

Prison on the east bank of the River Fleet, London

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Hughenden

[Hichenden; Hitchenden; Chychenden]

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SU 865 965

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Princes Risborough

[Roshborough; Ryssebrowe]

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SP 805 035

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Speen [Spine]

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SU 845 995

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
West Wycombe

[Westwicam; Westwicomb]

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SU 825 945

1009 [985]

K. Hen. 8. Persecution of simple men in the diocesse of Lincolne.
Persecuters.Martyrs.The Causes.
ther were called before Iohn Longland Byshop of
Lincolne, MarginaliaSister against brother: wife against husband.and compelled by his othe to depose a-
gainst him. 
Commentary  *  Close

Note Foxe's concern to underscore how Bishop Longland's investigations of heresy subverted family ties and values. He also does this in Book 7.

MarginaliaIohn Eaton and Cicilie his wife.Iohn Eaton, and Cicilie
hys wife, of the parish of
Spine, were detected 
Commentary  *  Close

There is no corroboration for Foxe's account of the Eatons; although the identity of Thomas Lound, who is mentioned in it, can be verified.

by
Iohn EatonRicharde Ryburne, that
they were marked of cer-
tayne in the parish on the
Cicilie hissonday then last past, in the
Iohn Long-wyfe.sacring tyme, to holde
land Bishopdowne their heads, and
of Lincolnewould not looke vpoon the
Sacrament.
Item, in the feast of ex-
altation of the holy crosse,
when the bels did ring so-
lemnely, betweene Mat-
tens and high Masse, for
saieng in a butchers house,
what a clampering of bels
At Roshe-is heere?
Richardborough.Item, the sayde Iohn
Ryburne.Ryburne was detected of
An. 1530.Richard his father, for sai-
eng these wordes: The
priests do naught, for they
shoulde say in their seruice in
Englishe, that euery man
may knowe it.
Item, for these wordes
speaking to one of hys si-
sters: The sacrament of the aultar, is not as they
take it to be. But if it be, as I trust, MarginaliaA prophesi.we shall see none
of thē holden vp, one of these dayes, ouer the priests
head, &c.
Item, for saieng, that the bloud of our Lord Iesus
Christ hath made satisfaction for all ill deedes that
were done, or should be done, and therefore it was
no neede, to go on pilgrimage. It was also layde to
his charge, and confessed by himselfe, that he had Ie-
sus Gospels in English, and that he was present in
the house of Iohn Taylor, when one Iohn Sy-
monds read to them a lecture out of the Gospell, of
the Passion of Christ, the space of two houres.
Item, for sayeng that Images were but Idoles,
and it was Idolatrie to pray to them.
For sayeng moreouer, that at sacring time, hee
kneeled downe, but he had no deuotion, nor belee-
ued in the Sacrament. Item, that the Popes autho-
ritie and pardon can not helpe mans soule, and it
was but cast away money, that is geuen for pardon:
For if we aske pardon of our Lord Iesus Christ, he
will geue vs pardon euery day.
Thomas Lound Priest 
Commentary  *  Close

Thomas Lound attended the conventicle held in John Taylor's house and Bishop Longland ordered his arrest on 11 November 1530 (Lincolnshire Archives Office, Register 26, fo. 180v).

, who had bene with Lu-
ther ij. yeares, being afterward cast in the Fleete at
London, was a great instructor of this I. Ryburne.
MarginaliaIohn Simondes, accused.It was layde agaynste 
Commentary  *  Close

Bishop John Longland ordered the arrest of John Simonds for his participation in the conventicle held at John Taylor's house (This is copied into Bishop Longland's register; Lincolnshire Archives Office, Register 26, fo. 180v).

Iohn Symondes, for say-
eng, that men doo walke
all daye in Purgatory in
this world, and when they
depart out of this worlde,
Iohn Lõg-there is but two wayes,
land By-eyther to hell or to heauen.
shop ofIohn Sy-Item, he sayd that priests
Lincolne.mondes.should haue wiues.
MarginaliaEx eod. Regist. fol. 323.It was reported by the
confession of the said Iohn
Symondes, that hee con-
uerted to his doctrine viij.
Priestes, and had holpen
two or three Friers out of
their orders.
MarginaliaDyuers accused for hearing the Sripture read in Englishe.These persons 
Commentary  *  Close

Orders for the arrest of Thomas Hawkes, John Taylor, John Hawkyns (not Hawks as in Foxe), Richard Field, Thomas Clerk and William Hawkes on charges of attending a conventicle at John Taylor's house on 11 November 1530 are copied into Bishop Longland's register (Lincolnshire Archives Office, Register 26, fo. 180v). The names of William Wingrave, Thomas Hearn and Richard Dean do not appear on these orders; they were probably arrested later.

[Back to Top]
with
other, were examined, MarginaliaEx Regist. Longland. fol. 311. ex-
communicated, and abiu-
red, for beeyng together
Williamin Iohn Taylors house
Wingraue.at Hichenden, and there
hearing Nicholas Fielde 
Commentary  *  Close

A writ ordering the arrest of 'Richard Field' for leading a conventicle in John Taylor's house in Speen, Hertfordshire on 11 November 1530 is copied into Bishop Longland's register (Lincolnshire Archives Office, Register 26, fo. 180v). Whether Foxe's version of Field's name - Nicholas instead of Richard - and his version of the place where the conventicle was held - Hitchenden instead of Speen - was due to these variants appearing in his source or simple mistranscription will never be known. There is no evidence that this is the same 'Field' as the individual who was Barnes' disciple.

[Back to Top]
Thomasof London to reade a par-
Hawkes ofcell of scripture in english
Hichēden.to them, who there expoū-
ded to them many thinge:
Persecuters.Martyrs.The Causes.
Robertthat they whiche went on
Hawes ofPilgrimage: were accur-
Westwi-sed: That it booted not to
Ioh. Long-come.pray to Images, for they
land B. ofwere but stockes made of
LincolneIohn Tay-wood and could not helpe
lor.a man: That GOD al-
mighty biddeth vs worke
Iohnas well one day as an o-
Hawkes.ther, sauyng the Sonday:
for vj. dayes he wrought,
Tho. Herneand the seuenth day he re-
of Cobshil.sted: That they needed
not to fast so many fasting
Nicholasdayes, except the Im-
Field.bryng dayes: for hee was
beyond the Sea in Alma-
Richardny, and there they vsed
Deane.not so to fast, nor to make
such holy dayes.
ThomasItem, that offerynges
Clerke thedo no good, for they haue
yonger.them, that haue no neede
therof. And when it was
aunswered agayne by one
þt they mainteyned Gods
seruice: nay, sayd Nico-
las, it mainteyneth great
houses as Abbeys and o-
ther.
Item, that men should
say their Pater noster, and
Aue Maria, in Englishe,
Williamwith the Creede, and de-
Hawkes ofclared the same in Eng-
Chesham.lishe.
Item, that the Sacra-
An. 1530.mēt of the aultar was not
as it was pretended, the
fleshe, bloud, and bone of
Christ: but a Sacrament,
that is, a Typicall significa-
tion of his holy body.
To Williã Wingraue
moreouer, it was obiected
þt he should say, that there
was no Purgatory: and if there were any Purga-
tory, and euery Masse, that is sayd should deliuer a
soule out of Purgatory, there should be neuer a soule
there: for there be moe Masses sayd in a day, then
there be bodies buried in a moneth.
MarginaliaSimõ Wisedome abiured.Symon Wisedome of
Burford was charged in
Iohn Lõg-Iudgement, for hauyng
land By-Symonthree bookes in English:
shoppe ofWisedome 
Commentary  *  Close

In 1538 a Simon Wisdom of Burford was collector of the lay subsidy for the hundreds of Bampton and Chedington (R.H. Gretton, The Burford Records: A Study in Minor Town Government (Oxford, 1920), p. 200). A man named Wisdom fled to the Continent in 1546, saying that he had feared for his life at the hands of the persecuting bishops (L&P, 21(1), pp. 748-9). This may have been Simon Wisdom, not the better known evangelical, Robert Wisdom. Simon Wisdom was a clothier and a mercer who purchased enough land to attain the status of a yeoman. He was elected bailiff of Burford seven times in the years 1545-67 and was an alderman of the town nine times in the years 1559-81. Wisdom was steward of the town in 1553. He died around 1585 (Gretton, Burford, pp. 97, 103 and 199-201). For persuasive arguments that Simon Wisdom the clothier and Burford official was the same Simon Wisdom who was accused of heresy in 1530 see Gretton, Burford, pp. 199-200).

[Back to Top]
one was the Gospels in
Lincolne.of BurfordEnglish, an other was þe
Psalter, þe thyrd was the
Sūme of the holy Scrip-
ture in English.
MarginaliaIames Algar, abiured.It was articulated 
Commentary  *  Close

There is no independent corroboration of this account.

&
obiected to Iames Ay-
ger, first that he speakyng
to a certaine Doctour of
Diuinitie, named Aglon-
by, sayd that euery true
Christen man lyuyng af-
ter the lawes of God, and
obseruyng his Cõmaun-
Doctourdementes, is a Priest as
Prinne,Iames Al-well as he. &c.
Commis-gar, or Ay-Itē, that he sayd, that
sary to theger.hee would not his execu-
Byshop oftours to deale any penny
Lyncolne.for his soule, after his
death, for hee would doe
it with his owne handes
while he was aliue: & that
his conscience gaue him,
An. 1530.that the soule, so soone as
it departeth out of the bo-
dy, goeth streight either to
heauen, or to hell.
Itē, when Doct. Aglonby aforesayd had alled-
ged to him the place of S. Mat. 16. Thou art Peter. &c.
He