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Alexander Marbeck

Provost of Perth 1544

John Charteris, a supporter of protestants, was removed from the office of provost by authority of the governor and was replaced by Alexander Marbeck, a religious conservative. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

 
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Archibald Campbell

(1498 - 1558) [ODNB]

4th earl of Argyle (1529 - 58); justice-general of Scotland and master of the royal household

The earl of Argyle sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

He sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

 
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Deforte

Scottish judge

Deforte sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

 
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Emery Tilney

Pupil of George Wiseheart at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge [Fines]

Emery Tilney provided a testimonial to George Wiseheart for John Foxe. 1583, pp. 1267-68.

 
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George Wishart

(c. 1513 - 1546) [ODNB]

Evangelical preacher, martyr; educated Louvain; in Scotland by 1535; fled to Bristol in 1538, charged with heresy; went into exile (1539 - 42); lectured at Cambridge (1542 - 43); itinerant preacher in Scotland (1543 - 46); hanged and burnt at St Andrews

Cardinal David Beaton ordered John Winram to summon George Wishart, imprisoned in the castle at St Andrews, to appear before the bishops. Beaton sent an armed guard to escort him. 1563, p. 648; 1570, p. 1444; 1576, p. 1231; 1583, p. 1268.

After John Winram had preached a sermon before the bishops, Wishart was ordered into the pulpit to hear the accusations against him. 1563, p. 648; 1570, p. 1444; 1576, p. 1231; 1583, p. 1268.

Wishart replied to the accusations and asked to appeal to the governor, the earl of Arran. This was refused, and the articles against him were read a second time, to which he answered. He was then condemned for heresy. 1563, pp. 649-53; 1570, pp. 1444-47; 1576, pp. 1232-34; 1583, pp. 1268-71.

John Scot and another Franciscan went to Wishart in the castle prison after his condemnation and insisted he make his confession to them. He refused, asking to confess to John Winram instead. 1563, p. 653; 1570, p. 1447; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1271.

The guns of the castle were trained on the stake to prevent Wishart's escape. He was led to his execution bound, under armed guard, with a rope around his neck. 1563, pp. 653-54; 1570, pp. 1447-48; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1271.

 
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John Charteris

Cardinal David Beaton attempted unsuccessfully to force the appointment of John Charteris of Kinfauns as provost of Perth in 1544, with military support from Lord Gray and Norman Leslie, master of Rothes [ODNB sub Norman Leslie]

John Charteris was a supporter of protestants. He was removed from the office of provost by authority of the governor and was replaced by Alexander Marbeck, a religious conservative. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

 
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John Lord Borthwick

5th Lord Borthwick by 19 February 1544 [ODNB sub William Borthwick]

Lord Borthwick sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

 
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Robert Reid

(d. 1558) [ODNB; cistercians.shef.ac.uk/abbeys/melrose.php; Fasti ecclesiæ scoticanæ]

Scotish renaissance humanist; abbot of Cistercian Kinloss Abbey, Moray (1528 - 53); also held the priory of Beauly in commendam; made Kinross a centre of academic excellence; sent as king's commissioner to Henry VIII and France; bishop of Orkney (1541 - 58)

Robert Reid sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

Reid sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

He sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

 
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Sir John Campbell of Lundie

(d. 1562) [ODNB]

Administrator and ambassador; illegitimate son of Colin Campbell, 1st earl of Argyle

Sir John Campbell sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

He sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

Campbell sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. He took custody of Wallace and turned him over to the provost of Edinburgh. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

 
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Spense

Friar in Perth c. 1543

Spense preached the necessity of prayer to saints and was publicly challenged by Robert Lambe. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, pp. 1266-67.

 
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William Chisholm senior

(1493/4 - 1564) [ODNB; Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae]

Bishop of Dunblane (1526 - 64)

William Chisholm was one of those who passed the sentence definitive on Patrick Hamilton in 1528. 1570, p. 1109; 1576, p. 948; 1583, p. 975.

Chisholm sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

Chisholm sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

 
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Perth

Scotland

County town of former county of Perthshire

OS grid ref: NO 109 238

1291 [1267]

King Hen. 8. Persecution in Scotland. George Wisehart Martyr.
cation of people to heare the Scrip-
tures reade or expounded. Which MarginaliaProclamation in Scotland permitting the priuate reading of Scripture.li-
berty of priuate reading being gran-
ted by publike proclamation, lacked
not hys owne fruite, so that in son-
drie partes of Scotland therby were
opened the eies of the elect of God to
see the truthe, and abhorre the Papi-
stical abhominations. Amongest the
which were certaine persones in S.
Iohnston, as after is declared.

At thys time 

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This sermon was preached on 1 November 1543.

there was a Sermone made by Fryer Spense, in saint Iohnston, aliaâs called Perth, affirmynge prayer made to saintes to be so necessarye, that wythoute it there coulde be no hope of saluation to man. MarginaliaBlasphemous doctrine of a Papist. Whyche blasphemous doctrine a Burges of the sayd towne called MarginaliaRobert Lambe, Martyr.Robert Lambe, could not abide, but accused hym in open audience, of erroneous doctrine, and adiured hym in Gods name to vtter the trueth. The which the Frier being striken with feare, promised to doe, but the trouble, tumulte, and sturre of the people encreased so, that the Frier coulde haue no audience, and yet the sayde MarginaliaRobert Lambe in great daunger.Roberte wyth greate daunger of his life escaped the handes of the multitude, namely of the women, who contrary to nature, addressed them to extreme cruelty against him.

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At this time in the yeare of our Lorde 1543. the ennemies of the truth procured Iohn Chartuous, who fauoured the truthe, and was Prouost of the saide citie & towne, of Perth, to be deposed from his office by the sayde Gouernours authoritie, and a MarginaliaA papist set in office.Papist called Maister Alexander Marbecke to be chosen in his roume, þt they myght bring the more easily their wicked enterprise to an ende.

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After the deposing of the former Prouost, and election of the other, in the moneth of Ianuary the yere aforesayde 

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January 1544.

, on saint Paules day, came to sainte Iohnston, the Gouernour, the Cardinall, the Earle of Argile Iustice, sir Iohn Campbell of Lunde knighte, and Iustice Deforte, the Lorde Borthwyke, the Bishop of Dumblane, and Orkeney, with certaine other of the Nobilitie. And althoughe there were manye accused for the crime of heresie (as they terme it) yet these persones were onely apprehended vppon the sayde sainte Paules day, MarginaliaRobert Lambe Will. Anderson, Iames Hunter, Iames Raueleson, Hellen Styrke his wyfe cast in prison.Robert Lambe, William Anderson, Iames Hunter, Iames Raueleson, Iames Founleson, and Hellen Stirke his wife, and cast that night in the Spay tower of the sayde Citie, the morowe to abide iudgement.

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Vppon the morrowe, when they appeared and were brought foorth to iudgement in the towne, was laid in generall to all their charge, the violating of the Acte of Parliament before expressed, and their conference and assemblies in hearing and expoundinge of scripture againste the tenour of the sayde Acte. Robert Lambe was accused in speciall for interrupting of the Frier in the pulpit: whyche he not onely confessed, but also affirmed constantly, that it was the duetie of no manne, whych vnderstood and knewe the trueth, to heare the same impugned wythoute contradiction, and therefore sundry which there were presente in iudgement, who bidde the knowledge of the truth, shoulde beare their burden in Gods presence for consenting to the same.

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MarginaliaLambe, Anderson, Raueleson, for hanging S. Fraunces in a corde.The sayde Robert also wyth William Anderson, and Iames Raueleson were accused for hanging vp the image of S. Fraunces in a corde, nailing of Rammes hornes to his head, and a Cowes rumpe to hys taile, and for eatinge of a goose on Alhalow euen.

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MarginaliaIames Hunter for vsing suspect company.Iames Hunter being a simple man and wythout learning, and a Fletcher by occupation, so that hee coulde be charged wyth no greate knowledge in Doctrine, yet because he often vsed the suspect companye of the rest, he was accused.

MarginaliaHellen Styrke for calling vpon Iesus and not our Lady in childebed.The woman Hellen Stirke was accused, for that in her childbed she was not accustomed to cal vpon the name of the virgine Mary, being exhorted thereto by her neyghbours, but onely vpon God, for Iesus Christes sake, and because she said in like maner, that if she her selfe had beene in the time of the virgin Mary, God might haue looked to her humilitie and base estate, as hee did to the virgines, in making her the mother of Christe, thereby meaninge, that there was no merites in the virgine, whyche procured her that honour, to be made the mother of Christe, and to bee preferred before other women, but Gods only free mercy exalted her to that estate. Whiche woordes were counted moste execrable in the face of the Clergie and whole multitude.

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Iames Raueleson aforesayde building a house, set vppon the round of his fourth staire, the 3. crowned diademe of Peter carued of tree, which the cardinal tooke as done in mockage of his Cardinals hat, and this procured no fauorto the sayd Iames at theyr handes. MarginaliaRauelson, for setting vp in his house a triple crowne of S. Peter.

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These forenamed persones vppon the morrowe after sainte Paules day were condemned and iudged to deathe, and that by an Assise, for violatinge (as was alleaged) the Acte of Parliament, in reasoning and conferrynge vppon Scriptures, for eating flesh vppon dayes forbidden, for interrupting the holy frier in the pulpitte, for dishonouryug of Images, and blaspheming of the virgine Mary, as they alleaged.

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After sentence geuen, theyr handes were bounde, and the men cruelly entreated. Which thing the woman beholding, desired likewise to be bounde by the segeantes with her husband for Christes sake.

There was great intercession made by the Towne in the meane season for the life of these persones aforenamed, to the Gouernour, who of him self was willing so to haue done, that they myght haue bene deliuered. But the Gouernour was so subiect to the appetite of the cruel priestes, that he could not do that which he would. Yea, they manaced to assist his ennemies, and to depose him, except he assisted their crueltie.

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There were certaine priestes in the Citie, who did eate and drinke before in these honest mens houses, to whō the priestes were much bounden. These priestes were earnestly desired to entreate for their hostesse, at the Cardinalles handes: but they altogether refused, desiring rather theyr death, then preseruation. So cruell are these beastes from the lowest to the highest.

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Then after, they were caried by a great band of armed men (for they feared rebellion in the towne, except they had theyr men of warre) to the place of execution, whych was common to all theeues, & that to make their cause appeare more odious to the people.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of these good men.Robert Lambe at the gallowes foote made his exhortation to the people, desiring them to feare God, and leaue the leauen of Papisticall abominations, & manifestly there prophesyed of the ruine and plague whych came vpon the Cardinall thereafter. So euerye one comforting an other, and assuring them selues to sup together in the kingdome of heauen, that night commended themselues to God, and died 

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The executions took place on 26 January 1544.

constantly in the Lord.

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The woman desired earnestly to die with her husband, but shee was not suffered: yet folowing him to the place of execution, shee gaue him comfort, exhorting hym to perseueraunce and pacience for Christes sake, and parting from him with a kisse, sayd on this maner: Husband, reioyce, for we haue liued together many ioyful dayes: but this day, in which we must die, ought to be most ioyfull to vs both, because we must haue ioy for euer. Therefore I will not bid you good night, for we shall sodainely meete with ioy in the kingdome of heauen.

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The woman after was taken to a place to be drowned, and albeit she had a child sucking on her brest, yet this moued nothing the vnmercifull hearts of the enemies. So after she had commended her children to the neighbors of the towne for Gods sake, and the sucking barne was geuen to the nurse, she sealed vp the truth by her death. Ex Registris & instrumentis à Scotia missis.

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The condemnation of M. George Wiseheart, Gentlemen 
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This account of George Wishart's trial, which is the only text relating to Scotland to appear unchanged in all four early editions of the Acts and Monuments, is taken verbatim and in its entirety from David Lindsay, The tragical death of Dauid Beaton Bishoppe of sainct Andrewes in Scotland. Whereunto is ioyned the martyrdom of maister George Wyseharte gentleman (STC 15683: London, 1548?), sigs. C7v-F6r. Foxe was presumably introduced to this tract by John Day, who printed both it and the Acts and Monuments. Freeman, '"The reik of Maister Patrik Hammyltoun"', p. 46.

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, who suffered Martyrdome for the faith of Christ Iesus, at saint Andrewes in Scotland, An. 1546. Marche 1. wyth the Articles obiected againste him, and his answeares to the same.

MarginaliaAnno 1546.VVIth most tender affection and vnfained heart consider (gentle Reader) the vncharitable manner of þt accusation of M. George Wiseheart, MarginaliaThe examination of M. George Wysehart. made by þe bloudy enemies of Christs faith. Note also the articles whereof he was accused, by order digested, and hys meeke answeares, so farre as he had leaue and leisure to speake. Finally, ponder with no dissembling spirite the furious rage, and tragicall cruelnes of the malignant Church, in persecuting of thys blessed man of God: and of the contrary, hys humble, pacient, and most godly answeres, made to them sodainly without all feare, not hauing respect to their glorious manasings and boysterous threats, but charitably and wythout stop answearing: not moouing his countenaunce, nor changing his visage, as in his accusation hereafter folowing manifestly shall appeare.

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But before 

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This interpolation is found only in 1583, and apparently does simply what it says, reproducing a letter sent to Foxe describing Wishart's time in Cambridge. Wishart spent about a year in Cambridge in 1542-43.

I enter into his Articles, I thoughte it not impertinent, somewhat to touche concerning the life and conuersation of this godlye man, according as of late came to my handes, certified in wryting by a certaine scholler of hys, sometime named Emerey Tylney, whose wordes of testimoniall as he wrote them to me, here folow.

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