(1521/2 - 1596) [ODNB; Bindoff]
Catholic exile; high sheriff of Berkshire and Oxfordshire at the death of Henry VIII. In Princess Mary's household. Privy councillor, Master of the Rolls, Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries under Mary
The privy council complained that Mary had received Francis Englefield into her household when he had left the king's service. 1576, p. 1290; 1583, p. 1333.
The king sent his own councillors to his sister, Lady Mary, after her servants, Rochester, Englefield and Waldegrave, had failed to prevent masses being said in her household. 1576, pp. 1296-97; 1583, pp. 1338-39.
A parish in the hundred of Guilt-Cross, County of Norfolk, 3 miles east by south from east Harling. The living is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Norfolk, diocese of Norwich, in the patronage of the Bishop of Ely. On the site of the ancient palace was erected the manorial residence which was afterward destroyed by Thomas, third Duke of Norfolk, who built a magnificent house to the north east This was forfeited by attainder in 1546 and given to the Princess Mary, who as well as her successor Elizabeth, often resided here. In the seventeenth century it was taken down and the materials sold.[Back to Top]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)
OS grid ref: TR 155 545
OS grid ref: TQ 185 745
MarginaliaAnno 1550.no difference by dayes and yeares. The Scripture plainly declareth it, not only young children to haue ben kings by Gods speciall ordinaunce, but also (whiche is to be noted) to haue had best successe in their raigne, and the fauour of God in theyr proceedinges. Yea, in their first yeares haue they most purely refourmed the Church and state of Religiō. Therfore her grace hath no cause thus to diminish his maiesties power, and to make him as it were no king vntil she thinke him of sufficient yeares. Wherin howe much his maiestie may be iustly offended, they be sorie to thinke.[Back to Top]
If her grace vnderstandeth it of vs in that acceptation as we be priuate men, and not counsailours, sworne to the kings maiesty, we knowledge vs not to be superiors: but if shee vnderstande her wryting of vs as Counsailors and magistrates, ordained by his maiestie, her grace muste be contented to thinke vs of authority sufficient by the reason of our office to chalēge a superioritie, not to rule by priuate affection: but by Gods prouidence, not to our estimation, but to the kings honour, and finally to encrease the kings estate with our counsaile, our dignitie and vocation: and we think her grace wil not forget the saying of Salomon, in the 6. chapter of the booke of Wisedome, to mooue a king to rule by counsaile and wisedome, and to builde his estate vpon them. Wherefore her grace must be remembred, the kings Maiesties pollitike body is not made onely of hys owne Royall material body, but of a Counsaile, by whom his maiestie ruleth, directeth, and gouerneth hys Realme. In the place of which Counsaile her grace is not ignorant, that we be set and placed. Wherfore the reputation she shal geue vs, shee shall geue it to the kings honor, & that which shee shall take from vs, shee shall take from his Maiestie, whose maiestie wee thinke if it might take encrease of honour, as God geueth a daily abundance, it should receiue rather encrease from her beinge his Maiesties sister, then thus any abatement.[Back to Top]
All the Counsaile remembreth well her refusall to haue her house charged wt any more number, alleaging the smal proportion for her charge, and therefore it was thought to come of their earnest suite, meaning to be priuiledged subiectes from the lawe, then of her desire, which refused very often to encrease her number. Their cautel the king might not suffer, to haue his law disobeied, their countreis where they shoulde serue by them to be destitute, and hauing bene seruantes to his maiestie, the circumstances of their departure might in no wise be liked.[Back to Top]
It is an aunswer more of will then of reason, and therfore her Grace muste bee admonished neither to truste her owne opinion without ground, neither mislike al others. hauing grounde. If hers be good, it is no hurt if shee heare the worse. If it be ill, shee shall doe well to heare the better. Shee shall not alter by hearing, but by hearing the better. And because shee shall not mislike the offer, lette her grace name of learned men whome shee will, and further then they by learning shal prooue, shee shall not be mooued. And so farre it is thought, reason wil compell her grace.[Back to Top]
The good willes and mindes of the Lorde Protectour and the Counsaile is so muche toward her grace, that how soeuer shee would her selfe in honor be esteemed, how soeuer in conscience quieted, yea how soeuer benefited, sauing their dueties to God and the king, they woulde as muche, and in theyr doings (if it please her to prooue it) will be nothing inferiours, assuring her grace, that they be moste sorie shee is thus disquieted: and if necessitie of the cause, the honour and suretie of the king, and the iudgement of theyr owne conscience mooued them not, thus farre they woulde not haue attempted. But their trust is, her grace wil alow them the more, when she shal perceiue the cause, and thinke no lesse coulde be done by them, where shee prouoked them so farre.[Back to Top]
¶ These and other of like credite, more amply commit-
ted to you in speache, you shal declare to her grace,
MarginaliaNote Doctor Hoptons allowance of the communion in those dayes.and further declare your conscience for the allow-
ing of the manner of the Communion, as yee haue
plainely professed it before vs.
At Richmund. 14. Iune. 1549.
MY Lorde, I perceiue by letters directed from you and other of the kinges maiesties Counsaile, to my Controller, my Chaplaine, and master Englefelde my seruaunt, that ye will them vppon their allegeaunce, to repaire immediately to you, wherin you geue me euident cause to chaunge mine accustomed opinion of you all, that is to say, to thinke you careful of my quietnesse and wel doings, considering how earnestly I wryte to you for the stay of two of them, and not without very iust cause. And as for maister Englefeld, assoone as he could haue prepared himselfe, hauing his horsses so farre off, although yee hadde not sent at this present, would haue perfourmed your request. But in deede I am much deceiued. For I supposed ye would haue waied and takē my letters in better part, if yee haue receiued them: if not, to haue taried mine answere, and I not to haue found so litle frendship, nor to haue bene vsed so vngently at your hands in sending for him, vpon whose trauail doth rest the only charge of my whole house, as I wryt to you lately, whose absence therefore shall be to me & my sayde house no little displeasure, especially being so farre off. And besides all this, I doe greatly maruaile to see your wrytinge for him, and the other two with suche extreeme wordes of pearill to ensue towardes them, in case they did not come, and specially for my Controller, whose charge is so great, that he canne not sodainly be meete to take a iourney: which woordes in mine opinion needed not (vnlesse it were in some verye iust and necessarye cause) to any of mine, who taketh my selfe subiect to none of you all: not doubting but if the kinges maiestie my brother were of sufficient yeares to perceiue this matter, and knewe what lacke and incommoditie the absence of my said officer should be to my house, his grace woulde haue beene so good Lorde to mee, as to haue suffered him to remaine, where his charge is. Notwithstanding, I haue willed him at this time to repaire to you, commaunding him to returne foorthwith for my very necessities sake, and I haue geuen the like leaue to my poore sicke prieste also, whose life I thinke vndoubtedly shall be putte in hasard by the wet and colde painefull trauaile of this iourney. But for my parte I assure you all, that since the king my father, your late maister and verye good Lorde died, I neuer tooke you for other then my frendes: but in this it appeareth cōtrary. And sauing I thought verily that my former letters shoulde haue discharged this matter, I woulde not haue troubled my selfe with wryting the same, not doubting but you doe consider, that none of you all would haue bene contented to haue bene thus vsed at your inferiours handes, I meane to haue hadde your officer, or any of your seruaunts sent for by a force (as yee make it) knowing no iust cause why. Wherefore I doe not a little maruaile, that yee had not this remembraunce towardes mee, who alwayes hath willed and wished you as well to doe as my selfe, and both haue and will praye for you all as heartily, as for mine owne soule to almightye God, whome I humblye beseeche to illumine you all with his holy spirite, to whose mercy also I am at a full poynt to commit my selfe, what soeuer shall become of my body. And thus with my commendations I bid you all fare well. From my house at Kenninghal the 27. of Iune.[Back to Top]
Youre frende to my power, though you geue mee con
trary cause. Mary.
RIght deare. &c. We haue seene by letters of our Counsaile, sent to you of late, and by your aunsweare thereunto, touching the cause of certaine your Chaplaines, hauing offended our lawes in saying of Masse, their good and conuenient aduises, and your frutelesse and indirect mistaking of the same, which thing mooueth vs to wryte at this time, that where good counsell from oure Counsaile hathe not preuailed, yet the like from our selfe maye haue due regarde. The whole matter we perceiue resteth in thys, that you being oure next sister, in whome aboue all other oure subiectes, nature shoulde place the moste estimation of vs, would wittingly and purposely, not onely breake our lawes your selfe, but also haue others maintained to doe the same. Truely howe soeuer the matter may haue other termes, other sense it hath not: and although by your letter it seemeth you chalenge a promise made, that so you myghte do: yet surely we knowe the promise had no such meaning, neither to maintaine, ne to continue your fault. You muste knowe this sister, you were at the first time when the law was made, borne with all, not because you shoulde disobey the lawe, but þt by our lenitie and loue shewed you might learne to obey it. Wee made a difference of you from our other subiectes, not for that all other should folow our lawes, & you only againstand them, but that you might be[Back to Top]