(1509/10 - 1567)
JP, MP for Lostwithel (1545), Great Bedwyn (1547), Preston (1553), Scarborough (1554), Maldon (1554). Sergeant-at-law and Mary's sergeant (1555). Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (1558 - 1559) and Justice of the Common Pleas (1559 - 1567). A leading early Elizabethan recusant [Bindoff, Commons, sub 'Browne, Anthony II'; DNB].[Back to Top]
Sir Anthony Browne was instructed, in a letter of 19 August, to imprison those who criticised the 'Queenes order of religion' or did not attend mass and to report their names to the privy council. 1583, p. 1765. [Foxe's account was taken from APC V, p. 63, but Foxe misdated the incident to 1553; the Privy Council Register says 1554].[Back to Top]
He threatened to send William Hunter's father to prison if William did not surrender himself. He interrogated William Hunter, became enraged with Hunter and sent Hunter to Bishop Bonner. 1570, pp. 1713-14; 1576, pp. 1462-63; 1583, pp. 1536-37.
He complained about the lack of wood at William Hunter's execution. He told Hunter that he would no more pray for him than for a dog. 1570, p. 1715; 1576, p. 1464; 1583, p. 1538.
He had Robert Hunter imprisoned in the stocks and then interrogated. 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.
He was one of the commissioners who examined Thomas Wattes on 26 April 1555. He sent him to Bishop Bonner on 27 April to be tried for heresy. 1563, pp. 1162-63 and 1165-66; 1570, pp. 1769-70; 1576, p. 1511; 1583, pp. 1594-95
He was present at the execution of Thomas Higbed. 1570, p. 1720; 1576, p. 1469; 1583, p. 1542.
Anthony Brown persecuted George Eagles. 1570, p. 2204, 1576, p. 1902, 1583, p. 2010.
Rumours were raised in Chelmsford that Justice Brown had falsely accused diverse honest men who had kept Eagles safe in their houses, in order to discredit Eagles. Someone named Reynold of Chelmsford witnessed this to be false report. 1570, p. 2204, 1576, p. 1902, 1583, p. 2010.
Sir Anthony Hungerford sought the advice of justice Brown on how he should act towards Richard White and John Hunt. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
[NB: Anthony Browne named Sir Edward Saunders as one of the overseers of his will (Bindoff, Commons).]
[Not to be confused with Anthony Brown of Sussex.]
Chancellor of Exeter (1555). (Fasti)
Blackstone examined and condemned Agnes Prest. 1570, p. 2249, 1576, p. 1943-45, 1583, p. 2049.
When entertaining his concubine and her friends, he would send for Mrs Prest to mock her for their amusement. 1570, p. 2252, 1576, p. 1945, 1583, p. 2052.
Minister. Of Clerkenwell.
John Fetty's wife complained to Brokenbury about her husband's refusal to attend mass. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
Of Boscombe, Wiltshire.
Master Clifford of Boscombe in Wiltshire told the high sheriff, his father-in-law Anthony Hungerford, not to meddle in the persecution of Richard White and John Hunt. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.
In the 1563 edition, Foxe recounts this episode but calls the high sheriff 'master Clifford', father of master Clifford of Boscombe. He was then succeeded as sheriff by Sir 'Walter' Hungerford.1563, p. 1702.
[Son-in-law of Sir Anthony Hungerford.]
Father of a child martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of Clerkenwell.
John Fetty was complained of to the priest of his parish, who was named Brokenbury, by Fetty's own wife for not going to church. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
He was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.
He was put in the stocks and remained in prison for 15 days prior to his son's visit to Bonner's house. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.
Fetty chided Bonner for his rosary and crucifix. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.
Bonner decided to release Fetty and his son, for fear of reproach for the treatment of the boy. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.
Under-sheriff to Sir Anthony Hungerford
Michel burned the writ ordering the deaths of Richard White and John Hunt, as he did not want to be party to their deaths. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
Wife of John Fetty.
John Fetty's wife complained to Brokenbury about her husband's refusal to attend mass. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
She went mad after her husband was taken by the authorities. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
(by 1492 - 1558)
MP Gloucester (1553). Sheriff of Wiltshire (1527 - 1528, 1538 - 1539, 1544 - 1545, 1556 - 1557), Oxfordshire and Berkshire (1536 - 1537), Gloucester (1553 - 1554). (Bindoff)
Anthony Hungerford, the high sheriff, was present at the condemnation of Richard White and John Hunt. 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
Master Clifford of Boscombe in Wiltshire told his father-in-law, Anthony Hungerford, not to meddle in the persecution of Richard White and John Hunt. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.
Sir Anthony Hungerford sought the advice of Justice Brown on how he should act towards Richard White and John Hunt. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
Geffre was displeased with Hungerford's seeking advice elsewhere. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
(1550? - 1558)
Child 'martyr'. Of Clerkenwell.
William Fetty went to Bonner's house to try to see his father. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
He told one of Bonner's chaplains that he was a heretic, for which he was severely whipped. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
The chaplains had Cluney take Fetty to his father in Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
The child told his father what had happened, at which point Cluney seized the child and returned him to Bonner's house. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.
Bonner released the boy and his father, but the boy died within two weeks of his release. Foxe was not sure whether it was from his wounds or some other infirmity but still considers him a martyr. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.
A parish in the hundred of Amesbury, county of Wilts. 3.75 miles south-east by east from Amesbury. The living is a rectory in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Salisbury
English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)
Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)
Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)
The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.[Back to Top]
OS grid ref: SO 245 455
MarginaliaAnno 1558. Nouember.haue in deede, then the Lutherians and you the Oecolampadians are out of the way: as ye are in deede, for the Lutherians do call you heretickes.
White. My Lorde, ye haue troubled me greatly wyth the Scriptures.
Brokes. Did I not tell you it was not possible to remoue him from his errour? Away with him to the Lollardes Tower, and dispatch him as soone as ye can.
This was the effect of my first examination. More examinations I had after this, which I haue no tyme now to write out.
Amongest many other examinatiōs of the foresaid Richard White, at diuers and sondry times susteined, it happened one time, that Doctour Blackston Chancellour of Exeter sate vpon him, with diuers other, who alledging certayne Doctors, as Chrysostom, Cyprian, Tertullian, agaynst the sayd Richard, and being reproued by hym for his false patching of the Doctors, MarginaliaThe trembling and shaking of Blackston at the examination of Richard White.fell in such a quaking, & shaking (his conscience belike remorsing him) that he was fayne, stowping downe, to laye both his handes vpon his knees. to stay his body from trembling.[Back to Top]
Then the sayd Iohn Hunt and Richard White, after many examinatiōs and long captiuity, at length were called for and brought before Doctour Geffrey the Byshops Chancellor, MarginaliaCondemnation of Iohn Hunt & Richard White.there to be condemned, and so they were. The high Sheriffe at that present was one named Syr Anthony Hungerford,
In the 1563 edition, the sheriff is identified as Clifford, who was actually Hungerford's successor.
MarginaliaThe Christen zeale of M. Clifford.In the meane tyme M. Clifforde of Boscon in Wiltshyre, sonne in law to the sayd Syr Anthony Hungerford the Shiriffe, commeth to his father, exhorting him & counselling him earnestly in no case to medle with the death of these two innocent persons: and if the Chauncellour and Priestes would needes be instant vpon him, yet he should first require the writ to be sent downe De comburendo, for his discharge.[Back to Top]
Syr Anthony Hungerford hearing this, and vnderstanding Iustice Browne to be in the town the same time, went to him to aske his aduise & coūsel in the matter: who told him that without the writ sent downe from the superiour powers, he could not be discharged: and if the writte were sent, then he must by the law do his charge.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaExample of Christian pietye in a Shrieffe to be noted.The Sheriffe vnderstanding by Iustice Browne how farre he might go by the lawe, and hauing at that time no writ for his warrant, let them alone, and the next daye after taking his horse departed.
The Chauncellor all this while maruelling what the Sheriffe ment, and yet disdayning to go vnto him but looking rather the other should haue come first to him, at last hearing that he was ridden, taketh his horse and rideth after him: who at length ouertaking the said Sheriffe, declareth vnto him, how he had committed certaine condemned prisoners to his hand, whose duty had bene to haue sene execution done vpō the same: which for that he had not done, the matter he sayd, was great, and therfore wylled him to look well vnto it how he would aunswere tht matter. And thus began he fiercely to lay to his charge.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaA note to be obserued concerning the Papists dealinges.Wherin note, gentle Reader, by the way, the close and couert hypocrisy of the Papistes in theyr dealinges. Who in the forme and stile of their owne sentence cōdemnatory, pretend a petition vnto the seculer power, In visceribus Iesu Christi, vt iuris rigor mitigetur, atque vt parcatur vitæ,
In visceribus Iesu Christi, vt iuris rigor mitigetur, atque vt parcatur vitae
[In the flesh of Jesus Christ], that the rigour of the law may be mitigated, and that their life may be spared.
The Sheriffe hearing the Chaūcellours wordes, and seeing him so vrging vpon him, tolde him agayne that he was no babe, which nowe was to be taught of hym. If he had any writ to warrant and discharge him in burning those men, then he knew what he had to do. Why, saith the Chauncellour, did not I geue you a writ, with my hande and 8. moe of the Close set vnto the same? Well quoth the Sheriffe that is no sufficient discharge to me, and therfore as I told you, if ye haue a sufficient writ and warrant frō the superiour powers, I know then what I haue to do in my office: otherwise, if you haue no other writ but that, I tell you, I wil neither burne them for you nor none of you all. &c.[Back to Top]
Where note agayne (good Reader) how by this it may be thought and supposed, that the other poore Saintes and
Martyrs of God, such as had bene burned at Salisburye before, MarginaliaBurning without a sufficient Writte.were burned belike without any authorised or sufficient writ from the superiours, but onely vpon the information, of the Chauncellour and of the Close, through the vncircumspect negligence of the Sheriffes, which shoulde haue looked more substantially vpon the matter. But this I leaue and referre vnto the Magistrates. Let vs returne to the story agayne.[Back to Top]
Doct. Geffrey the Chauncellour thus sent away from the Sheriffe, went home, and there fel sicke vpon the same (for anger belike) as they signified vnto me, whiche were the partyes themselues, both godly and graue persons, who were then condemned, the one of them, which is MarginaliaRich. White now Vicar of Malbrough in Wilshire.Richarde White being yet aliue.
The 1563 edition states that both Hunt and White were alive; later editions state that only White was still alive.
The sheriff, Sir Anthony Hungerford, is identified as Sir 'Walter Hungerford' in 1563.
This Richard White, and the sayd Iohn Hunt, after the death of the Chauncellour, the Byshop also being dead a litle before, continued still in prison til the happy cōming in of Queene Elizabeth: and so were set at liberty.
This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was based on the personal testimony of an individual informant or informants. No substantive change was made to this account in subsequent editions.
MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Ferry, and Martyrdome of his childe.IF bloudy tormentes and cruell death of a poore innocent suffering for no cause of his owne, but in the trueth of Christ and his Religion, do make a Martyr, no lesse deserueth the child of one Iohn Fetty, to be reputed in þe Catalogue of holy Martirs, who in the house of Bishop Boner vnmercifuly was scourged to death, as by the sequele of this story here folowing may appeare.
The preceding sentence was added to this account in 1570 edition. It was intended as a rebuttal to Nicholas Harpsfield and other catholic critics of the Acts and Monuments,who charged that Foxe glorified as martyrs those who did not suffer a violent death.
Amongest those that were persecuted & miserably imprisoned for the profession of Christes Gospell, & yet mercifully deliuered by the prouidence of God, there was one Iohn Fetty, a simple and godly poore man dwelling in the parish of Clerkenwell, & was by vocation a Taylor, of the age of 42. yeres or therabout, who was accused and complained of, vnto one Brokenbury a priest & a parson of the same parish, by his own wife, for that he would not come vnto the church, & be partaker of theyr Idolatry & superstition: & therfore through þe sayd priestes procurement, he was apprehēded by Rich. Tanner & his felow, constables there, and one Martin the Hedborough. Howbeit immediatly vpō his apprehēsion, MarginaliaGods dreadfull hand vpon a wife seeking the destruction of her husband.his wife (by the iust iudgemēt of God) was stricken mad, and distract of her wits: which declared a maruelous exāple of the iustice of God agaynst such vnfaythfull and most vnnaturall treachery. And although this example perhaps for lack of knowledge & instruction in such cases little moued the consciences of those simple poore mē to surcease their persecutiō: yet natural pity towards that vngratefull woman, wrought so in theyr harts that for the preseruation & sustentatiō of her & her 2. children (like otherwise to perishe) they for that present let her husband alone and would not cary him to prison, but yet suffered him to remayne quietly in his own house. During whiche time, he as it were forgetting the wicked and vnkinde fact of his wife, did yet so cherish and prouide for her, that within the space of three weekes (through Gods mercifull prouidence) she was well amēded, and had recouered agayne some stay of her wits and senses.[Back to Top]
But suche was the power of Sathan in the malicious hart of that wicked woman, that notwithstanding his gētle dealing with her, MarginaliaThe wyfe persecuting her husband.yet she so soone as she had recouered some health, did agayne accuse her husband: whereupon he was the second time apprehended, and caryed vnto Syr[Back to Top]