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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1029 []

MarginaliaA rule of Logike for confirmation of the argument. A tertio adiacente ad secundum adiacens eum verbi substantiui pura copula

Marginalia3AS the breade of the Lordes table is Christes naturall bodye, so is it his misticall bodye.

But it is not Christes misticall body by trāsubstantiation.

Ergo it is not his naturall body by transubstantiation.

The seconde part of my argument is playne and the first is proued thus: As Christe who is the verity, spake of the bread, this is my bodye whiche shalbe betrayed for you, speakyng there of his naturall body: euen so Paule moued with the same spirit of truthe, sayd: Marginaliai. Corin. x.we, though we be many, yet are al one bread and one body, which be partakers of one bread.

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Marginalia4WE may no more beleue bread to be transubstanciate into the body of Christ then þe wine into his bloude.

But the wyne is not transubstātiate into his bloud, neither is that bread therfore transubstātiate into his body. The first part of this argument is manifest, and the second part is proued out of the authoritie of Goddes word in MarginaliaMat. xxvi. Mar. xiiii. Mat. and Marke. I will not drinke of the fruite of the vine. &c. Now the furit of þe vine was wine, which Christ drank and gaue to his disciples to drinke. With this sentence agreeth plainely the place of Chrisostome on the. xx chapter of Mat. As Cyprian doth also, affirming that ther is no bloud, if wine be not in the cup.

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Marginalia5THe words of Christ, spoken vpon the cup in Luke & Paule, be of as great effecte as those which are spoken vpon the bread.

But the wordes spoken vppon the cup haue not vertue to transubstantiate.

Ergo it foloweth that the wordes spoken vpon the bread haue no suche vertue. The second parte of the argument is proued, because they should then transubstanciate the cuppe, or that which is in the cup into the new testament: but neither of these thinges can be done, and verye absurde it is to confesse the same.

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Marginalia6THat sense or meanyng of the holy scripture, (I speake now of the sacramentes) is specially to be receiued, whiche the circumstances of the scripture,  

Commentary  *  Close

The first part of the syllogism which forms Ridley's sixth argument supporting his second proposition was rewritten in the 1570 edition to avoid repetition and circumlocution (cf. Rerum, p. 666 and 1563, p. 961 with 1570, p. 1610; 1576, p. 1373; 1583, p. 1444).

the Analogie and proportion of the sacramentes, and the testimonye of the faithfull fathers do most effectually proue.

But in the wordes of the Lordes supper, the circumstances of the scripture, the Analogye of the sacramentes, and the sayinges of the fathers do most effectually and plainely proue a figuratiue speache in the woordes of the Lordes supper:

Ergo a figuratiue sense and meaning is specially to be receiued in these wordes, This is my body MarginaliaThe circūstaunces of scripture. The circumstāces of the scripture: do this in the remembraunce of me. As ofte as ye shall eate of this bread and drinke of this cup, ye shal shewe foorth the Lordes death. Lette a manne proue hymselfe, and so eate of this breade and drynke of this cuppe.

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They came together to break bread, and they continued in breakyng of bred. The bred which we breake &c. For we beinge manye, are all one bread and one body.

MarginaliaThe Analogye of the sacramentsThe Analogye of the Sacramentes is necessarye: For yf the Sacramentes hadde not some similitude or lykenesse of the thynges, whereof they bee Sacramentes, they coulde in no wise bee Sacramentes. And thys similytude in the

Sacrament of the Lords supper, is taken thre maner of wayes. MarginaliaAnalogy or similitude in the sacrament, thre maner of wayes.The first consisteth in nouryshyng: as ye shall reade in Rabane, Cyprian, Augustyne, Irenee, and moste plainlye in Isodore oute of Bertram.

The seconde in the vnityng and ioyninge of manye into one, as Cyprian teacheth.

The thyrde is a similitude of vnlyke thinges. where lyke as bread is turned into oure bodye, so we, by the ryghte vse of this Sacrament are turned through faith into the bodye of Christe. MarginaliaThe sayings of the fathers, The sayinges of the fathers declare it to be a fyguratiue speache, as it appeareth in Origen, Tertullian, Chrysostome in opere imperfecto Augustine, Ambrose, Basile, Gregorye Naziazene, Hillarye, and moste plainly of all, in Bertram. Moreouer, the sayinges and places of al the fathers whose names I haue afore recited against the assertion of the fyrst proposition doe quyte ouerthrow transubstantiation But of all other moste euidently and plainely Irenee, Origen, Cyprian, Chrysostome to Cesarius the Monk, Augustine agaynst Adamantus, Gelasius, Cyrill, Epiphanius, Chrysostome agayne on the xx. of Math. Rabane, Damascene and Bertram.

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Here ryght worshipful, maister Prolocutor, and ye the rest of the Commissioners, it maye please you to vnderstande, that I doe not leane to these thinges onely, whiche I haue wrytten in my former aunsweres and confirmations: but that I haue also for þe proofe of that I haue spoken whatsoeuer Bertram a man learned, of sounde and vpright iudgement, and euer counted a Catholyke for these seuen hundred yeares, vntyll this our age, hath written. His treatyse whosoeuer shall reade, and weygh, consideryng the tyme of the wryter, his learnyng, godlines of lyfe, the allegations of the auncient fathers, and his manifolde and moste grounded argumentes: I cannot doubtlesse but much maruel, if he haue anye feare of God at all howe he can with good conscience speak against him in this matter of the Sacrament. MarginaliaRidley first brought to the knowlege of the sacrament by Bertrā. This Bertram was the fyrste that pulled me by the eare, and that fyrste brought me from that common errour of the Romishe churche, and caused me to searche more diligently and exactly, both the scriptures and the writynges of the olde ecclesiasticall fathers in this matter. And this I protest before the face of God, who knoweth I lye not in the thinges I nowe speake.

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The thyrde proposition.

In the Masse is the liuely sacrifice of the churche, propitiable and auaylable for the sinnes aswell of the quicke as of the dead.

The aunswere to this proposition.

I aunswere to this third proposition as I dyd to the fyrste. And moreouer I say, that beyng taken in suche sense as the wordes seme to importe it is not onely erroneous, but withall, so muche to the derogation and defacynge of the death and passion of Christ: that I iudge it may and ought moste worthely to bee counted wycked and blasphemous against the most precious bloude of our sauiour Christ.

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The explication.

COncernyng the Romish Masse, which is vsed at this day, or the liuely sacrifice therof, propitiatory & auailable for þe sines of the quick

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