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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1172 [113]

substaunce of materiall breade and wyne.

I do so beleue. By me T. Tomkins.

The next day, being the. ix. of February at eyght of the clocke before noone, the sayd T. Tomkins, (accordyng to the former cōmaundement) was broughte agayne into the place aforenamed, before the Byshoppe and other his assistants, where the fore said articles wer propounded vnto him: the which he answered as foloweth. 

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This document is reprinted from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book which is now lost.

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To the fyrst he sayd, that he dyd so beleue, as in the same is conteyned.

To the second he sayde that it was onelye breade, and a participacion of Christes death and passion, and so doth the scriptures teache.

To the third, he said and did beleue, yt was a false doctrine to beleue and thinke as is conteyned in this article.

To the fourth, he did also beleue the same. After this answere, he did also subscribe hys name to the saide articles. Whervpon the bishoppe, drawynge oute of hys bosome another confession, subscribed wyth Tomkyns owne hand, and also that article that was the first daye obiected agaynste hym, caused the same to be openly redde. And then willed him to reuoke and denye hys saide opynions. The which he vtterly refused to do, and therefore was commaunded to appeare before the Bishop agayne in the same place, at two of the clocke in the after noone.

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¶ A copye of the confession of Thomas Tomkins, wrytten by Bonner Byshope of London, and subscribed by the sayde Tomkyns, the. xxvi. daye of September anno. 1554.

J Thomas Tomkins of the parish of Shordich, in the dyoces of London, hauing confessed and declared openly here to fore to Edmonde Byshop of London myne Ordinarie, that my beleife hath bene many yeres past and is at thys present: that the bodye of our sauiour Iesus Christ is not truelye, and in verye dede in the sacrament of the aultar, but onely in heauen, & so in heauen, that it can not now in dede be really and trulye in the sacrament of the aultar. And moreouer, hauing lykewise cōfessed & declared to my said Ordinary, opēly many times, þt although the church, called the catholicke church, hath allowed, & doth allowe the Masse, and sacrifice made and done therin, as a wholesome, profitable, and a godly good thyng: yet my beliefe hath bene many yeares past, and is at this present, that the said Masse is ful of superstition, playne idolatry, and vnprofitable for my soule, and so haue I called it many tymes, and take it at this present.

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Hauyng also lykewyse confessed and declared to my sayd Ordinarye, that the sacrament of Baptisme ought to be onely in the vulgar tongue, and not otherwise ministred, and also wythout anye suche ceremonies, as custo-

mably are vsed in the latine church, and otherwise not to be allowable.

Fynally being many tymes and ofte called openly before my sayd Ordynary, and talked withal, touching all my sayd confessions, and declarations, both by the sayd mine ordinary, and diuers other lerned men, aswell his chapleins as other, and counselled by all them to embrace the trouth, and to recant myne error in the premisses, whiche they told me was playne heresy and manyfest error: do testyfy & declare herby, that I do, and wyl continually stand to my sayd confession, declaration, and beleife, in all the premisses, and euery parte therof, and in no wyse recante or go from any parte of the same. In witnes wherof I haue subscribed, and passed this wryting the. xxvi. day of Septembre, in the yeare of our Lorde God. 1554.

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By me Thomas Tomkins aforesayd.


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In many cases the accounts Foxe prints of a martyr's examination are drawn from the martyr's account or from accounts by his or her supporters. Foxe could apparently find no such accounts for Tomkins, since this account, in its brevity, is clearly an official record which is now lost.

THe same day and place, at. ii. of the clock in the after none, he was (the last time) brought forth before the bishops of London, Bath and Saynt Dauids, with others. Where he was earnestly exhorted by the sayd Byshop of Bathe, to reuoke and leaue of hys opinions. Vnto whom he answered. My Lorde, I was borne and brought vp in ignoraunce, vntil now of late yeares. And nowe I knowe the truth, wherin I wil continue, vnto the death. Then the Bishop of London caused al his articles and confession to be agayne openly red, and so in his accustomed maner perswaded with him to recant. To whom he finally said. My Lord, I cannot see, but that you would haue me to forsake the truth, and to fall into error and heresy. The Byshop seing he would not recant, dyd procede in hys lawe, and so gaue sentence of condempnacion vpon hym. And then he deliuered him to the Shryefe of London, who caryed hym strayght vnto New gate, where he remayned most ioyously and constant, vntill the xv. daye of March 
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This date is 15 March in 1563 and was corrected to 16 March in 1570.

next after: on which daye, he was by the sayd Shrife conueyed into Smythfield, and there sealed vp his fayth in the flaming fyre, to the glorye of Gods holye name, and confirmacion of the weake.

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Here foloweth the history and constant suffryng of Higbee and Causon, whych for the profession of Christes true religion, and sincere confession therof, before Boner Byshop of London, were most cruelly martired and burned. 
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The Martyrdoms of Causton and Higbed

The Rerum contains an account of Causton and Higbed being taken toLondon and prints the confession of faith Causton and Higbed made in Consistory Court (Rerum, pp. 426 and 428-31). This material was reprinted in the 1563 edition. Foxe also added accounts of their sessions in the Consistory Court of St Pauls, the articles presented against them with their answers and their condemnation, all drawn from Bishop Bonner's official records. A description of their condemnation may have been taken from the description of a spectator. In the second edition Foxe added nothing, but he arranged the material in chronological order. He also eliminated material from this narrative, and more unusually rewrote it. The account of Causton and Higbed remained unchanged in the third and the fourth editions.

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ALthough hetherto there hath bene no parte or dioces in England, (wherof there are many, and they large, within thys Reame) altogether cleare and free from this persecution (very fewe except:)

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