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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1187 [1118]

Actes and Monumentes of the church


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The Restoration of Abbey Lands and Other Events in Spring 1555

The main topics in this section are the queen's decision to restore the abbey lands she held, and the response to the death of Julius III. The glosses concerning the pope are far more ribald than those relating to Mary. Julius III's prodigious appetite is recounted, as are the blasphemies linked to his greed; the glosses underline this at various points, using the phrase ' a Porkishe Pope' to describe his affection for pork. The glosses relating to Mary are more restrained but revealing. The use of 'conscience' in the gloss 'The Q. taketh a conscience in keeping Abbay landes' does not contain the sense of unanswerability that its invocation by protestants appears to carry. The gloss 'Note the nature of the Papistes where they can ouercome, they are Lions: where they are ouermatched, they play the Foxes' attacks the catholics for not living up to their principles and delaying the enforcement of the return of land for fear of rousing the nobility. The contrast between these two glosses perhaps hints that the queen was not devious, but was zealous in her pursuit of papal interests.

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There are examples of mistakes in the editions after 1570: a 'no' is lost from the 1570 gloss 'Here lacked no good will in the Bishops, but time as yet did not serue them'; the gloss 'Note here what an holy Catholicke Church this is' is out of place in 1583, and a date given correctly in 1570 and 1576 ('Aprill. 10') is incorrect in 1583 ('Aprill. 20').

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MarginaliaA porckish Pope.Wheruppon when the Pope perceiued the said Porkefleshe to bee lacking in his accustomed seruice: where (said he) is my porke? and when his stewarde had aunswered, that hys Phisition had forbidden any pork to be serued: then the Pope bursting out in great rage, sayd in these woords. Bryng me said he my porke flesh al dispetto di dio. MarginaliaMonstruous blasphemy in the Pope. That is to say in English. In the despite of God.

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At an other tyme, he sitting at diner, pointing to a Peacock vpon his table, which he had not touched: kepe sayd he, this colde Peacock for me against supper, and let me sup in þe gardein: for I shall haue geastes. So when supper came, and amonges other hote Peacockes, he saw not his colde Peacock brought to hys table: the Pope after his wonted maner most horriblye blaspheming GOD, fel into an extreme rage. &c. Whereuppon one of his Cardynalles syttyng by, desyred hym, saying: let not youre holinesse (I pray you) bee so moued with a matter of so small weyght. Then this Iulius the Pope, aunsweryng agayne: what, sayde he, MarginaliaO vocem antichristiyf God was so angrye for one apple, that he cast out our first parentes, out of Paradise for the same: why maye not I, beyng hys Vicare, be angry then for a Peacock? sithens a Peacock is a greatter matter then an aple. Beholde here good Reader by this Pope, the goodnesse of that blasphemous Sea: and yet thou shalt see here, what affection was borne vnto this Pope here in Englande, by the Diriges, Hearses, and funerals commaunded to be hadde and celebrated in all churches, by the Quene and her counsell, as maye appeare by the coppy of their letters here folowing.

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A Letter sent from the Byshoppe of Winchester (beyng Lorde Chauncelloure) vnto Boner Byshoppe of London, touchyng the celebratyng of the Popes funerals. 
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Foxe copied this letter from Bishop Bonner's register; it is GL, 9531/12, fol. 358r.

AFter my heartye commendations to your good Lordship. The Kyng and Queenes Maiestyes hauyng certayne knowledge of the death of the Popes holiness, thoughte good there shoulde bee as well solemne obsequies saide for hym throughe out the Realme, as also these prayers (which I sende you herein enclosed) vsed at masse tymes in all places at this time of vacation, and therefore willed me to signifye their pleasures vnto you in this behalfe: that thereuppon ye might procede to the full accomplishmente therof, by puttyng the same in due execution within your owne dyocesse, and sendyng worde to the rest of the Byshoppes to dooe the lyke in theyrs.

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Thus doubting not but that youre Lordeshippe will vse suche diligence in this matter at this time, as shalbe necessary, I bid your Lordshyp heartily well to fare. From my house at Assher, the tenth of Aprill. 1555.

Your L. assured frend & brother
Stephanus VVinton Cancell.

¶ Prayers commmaunded to be vsed, in the funerall Masses for the Pope apostolica sede vacante. 
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These prayers were copied from Bishop Bonner's register; it is GL, 9531/12, fol. 358r.

SVpplici te domine humilitate deposcimus, vt tua immensa pietas Sacrosanctæ Romanæ Ecclesiæ concedat pontificem illum, qui et pro in nos studio semper tibi gratus, & tuo populo pro salubri regimine sit assidue ad gloriam tui nominis venerandus, per dominum nostrum.


TVæ nobis domine pietatis abundantia indulgeat, vt gratum Maiestati tuæ pontificem sanctæ matris Ecclesiæ regimini præesse gaudeamus per dominum nostrum.

Post Communionem.

PReciosi Corporis et sanguinis tui domine sacramēto refectos, mirifica tuæ maiestatis gratia de illius summi Põtificis assumptione lætificet, qui ad plebem tuam virtutibus instruat, et fidelium mentes, spiritualium aromatum odore perfundat per dominū nostrū.

Vppon this commaundement, on Wednisday in Easter Weke there were Herses set vp, and Diriges song for the sayde Iulius in diuers places; at whiche tyme it chaunced a woman to come into Sainct Magnus church, at the Bridge foote in London, and there seing a Herse and other preparation, asked what it mente: and other that stoode by, sayde that it was for the Pope, and that she must praye for hym. Nay (quod she) that I wyl not. For he needeth not my prayers: and seing he could forgeue vs al our sinnes, I am sure he is cleane hymselfe. Therefore I nede not pray for hym. She was hearde speake these woordes of certayne that stoode by: whiche by and by caried her vnto the cage at London Bridge, and bad her coole her self there. 

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In the 1563 edition (p. 905), Foxe reports that John Taylor, the Bishop of Lincoln, was sent to the Tower after refusing to attend mass at the opening of Parliament. In subsequent editions (1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1339 and 1583, p. 1410) Foxe corrected this to say that Taylor was commanded to attend and died soon afterwards at Ankerwicke (in Sir Thomas Smith's house, although Foxe does not say so). This is a good example of the detailed correction of the first edition from well informed oral sources.

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A declaration of the life, examination, and burnyng of George Marshe, who suffered moste constante martyrdome for the profession of the Gospell of Christ, at Westchester the. 24. day of Aprill. 
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The Martyrdom of George Marsh

The information, and lack of information, on George Marsh in the Rerum is revealing. Foxe stated that Marsh was the curate of [Church] Langton and that he received the living from Laurence Saunders, the martyr, who was the rector of Church Langton. Foxe added that Marsh was burned on 24 April 1555 (Rerum, p. 432). He then stated that nothing else had reached him about Marsh apart from two letters, which are printed in Rerum, pp. 432-41. Once again, the Rerum was strong on documents but weak on oral sources and eyewitness accounts.

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In the 1563 edition, Foxe added the background on Marsh's early life, Marsh's own account of examinations by Bishop Cotes of Chester and an eyewitness account of Marsh's death and Cotes's sermon denouncing the martyr. In the second edition, Foxe added Marsh's account of his treatment and examinations by the earl of Derby and members of his household. (It is quite interesting that Marsh's accounts of his imprisonment and examinations by Derby first, and then by Bishop Cotes, came to Foxe at separate times and, presumably, from separate sources. The source for the information used in 1563 appears to have been in Chester. This is an important reminder of Foxe's dependence on informants, particularly informants who were able to send eyewitness accounts or material written by the martyrs themselves). Marsh's letter summarizing his examinations was also added to 1570, while Foxe shortened and modified his earlier account of Bishop Cotes's sermon against Marsh and its aftermath.

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The account of Marsh's martyrdom was unchanged in the third and fourth editions of the Acts and Monuments.

THe sayde George Marshe was borne in the parishe of Deane, in the Countie of Lancaster, & was well brought vp in learning, and honest trade of liuynge by hys parentes, who afterwardes about the xxv. yeare of his age, tooke to wyfe an honest mayden of the countrey, with whom he continued, earnyng theyr liuing vppon a farme, hauyng children betwene them lawfullye begotten: and then god takynge hys wife out of this worlde, he beyng moste desirous of godlye studyes, (leauing his householde and children in good order) wente vnto the vniuersitie of Cambridge, where he studyed, and muche encreased in learning and godly vertues, and was a minister of goddes holye woorde and Sacramentes.

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