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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1313 [1244]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

Marginalia4Item, concerning the Sacramēt of thaltar, he beleueth, that it is a very idoll, and detestable before God, as it is nowe ministred: for he beleueth, that in the saide sacrament of the altar, there is not (after the wordes of consecration) the very true and naturall body of Christ really and trulie cōteined, and none other substaunce remaining therein, sauing the substāce of Christes body: but he beleueth, that after þe sayde wordes, there is none other substaunce but only the substaunce of material bread and materiall wyne.

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Marginalia5Item, he beleueth that the masse is nought, and not of the institution of Christe, but that it is of mans inuention: and demaunded whether any thing vsed in the masse bee good, he saieth that he will aunswere no further.

Marginalia6Item, he sayth, that he hath not receiued the sacrament of the altar, since it hath been ministred as nowe it is in Englande, and he was not cōfessed at any time, within this vii. yeres, nor he hath not harde masse by the same space.

Marginalia7Item, he aunswereth and beleueth, that auricular confession is not necessary to be made to a priest, for that he cannot forgeue him his sinnes, nor absolue him from sinnes, for he saieth, he beleueth it to be superstitious, superfluous and vayne, to be cōfessed of a priest, and to receiue absolution of him.

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Marginalia8Item, concerning the sacramēt of baptisme, that it is a signe and token of Christ, as circūcision was, and none otherwyse, and he beleueth that his sinnes are not washed awaye thereby, but his body onely washed: for his sinnes be washed away onely by Christes bloud. 

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Note that Foxe printed a statement regarding baptism by Iveson but seems to have deleted unorthodox statements on the subject by Carver and Launder.

Marginalia9Item, he beleueth, that there be in the catholike church of Christe, only two sacramentes, that is to say, the sacrament of baptisme, and the sacrament of the supper of the Lorde, and no more, whiche are not rightlye vsed at this present time in England, and therefore be vnprofitable.

Marginalia10Item, he beleueth, that all the ceremonies nowe vsed in this churche of Englande, are vayn, superfluous, superstitious, and naught.

Nicholas Haule. 
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The Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley

All that there is on these three martyrs in the Rerum is a note stating thatJohn [sic] Wade was executed at Dartford in July, that John [sic] Polley was executed at Tunbridge in July and that Nicholas Hall was executed at Rochester in the same month. This information was essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. But in the 1570 edition Foxe added all the material he would ever have on the examinations of these martyrs. Foxe stated that this material came from the Rochester diocesan records. Foxe's account of these examinations remained unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaNycolas Haul burnt at Rochester.NIcholas Haule, the same moneth of Iuly, about this daye, also suffered martyrdom, for the same cause of his religion and professiō, and was burned in the towne of Rochester.

¶ Iohn Aleworth. 
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Death of John Aleworth

There is a note in the Rerum that William Aylward died in prison in Reading on 1 August 1555 (p. 510). In the 1563 edition, Foxe corrected his name to John Aleworth but removed the specific date of his death. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a defensive comment insisting that Aleworth should be considered a martyr even though he died of natural causes. This was a response to Nicholas Harpsfield's criticism of Foxe, in 1566, for praising as martyrs those who were not killed.

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MarginaliaIohn Alworth died in pryson.JN the later end of this moneth of Iuly, Iohn Aleworth died in prison, at the town of Reading, being there in bondes for the cause and testimonie of the truthe of the Lordes Gospell.

¶ Iames Abbes, a martyr of blessed memorie suffering for the true cause of Christes Gospell. 
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The Martyrdom of James Abbes

The Rerum contained a note that James Abbes was burned at Bury St Edmunds on 2 August 1555 (p. 510). The entire account of Abbes appeared in the 1563 edition and it was based partly on copies of official documents (which survive) and on personal testimony. There were no changes to this account in the subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaIames Abbes. MarginaliaAugust. 2AMong many that traueiled in these troublesome dayes, to kepe a good conscience, there was one Iames Abbes, a yong manne, whiche through compultion of the tyrannye then vsed, was enforced to haue his part with his brethren in wandrynge and goynge from place to place, to auoyde the peryll of apprehēding: whiche when time came, that the Lorde hadde an other worke to dooe for him, he was caught in to the handes of wicked menne, and brought before the Byshop of Norwyche, Doctor Hopton. Who examining him of his Religion, and charging him therewith very sore, bothe with threates and fayre speache, at the last the sayde poore Iames did yelde, and relēted to their naughtie perswasiōs, although his conscience consented not therto. 

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A denunciation of Abbes and others for heretical beliefs, copied from Norwich records which are no longer extant, survives among Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 421, fo. 186v). A copy of an interrogation of Abbes on 10 March 1554 is BL, Harley 421, fos. 216v-217r. A copy of a sentence against Abbes is on BL, Harley 421, fos. 199r-200r. Abbes must have abjured after this sentence.

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Nowe when he was dismissed,  
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From here until the end of the account of Abbes, Foxe is relying on personal testimony or testimonies, not official documents.

and should goe from the Byshop, the Byshoppe calling him to him, gaue him a pece of mony, eyther fourty pence or xx. pence, whether I knowe not: whiche when the sayde Iames had receiued the same, and was gone from the Bishop, his conscience beganne to accuse his fact, and to open to him, howe he had displeased the Lord by consenting to their beastlie illusions: In which combate with him selfe (being piteously vexed) he went immediatly to the Byshop againe, and there threwe him his sayde mony whiche he had receiued at his hand, and sayde, it repenteth that euer he gaue his consent, to their wycked perswasiōs, & þt he gaue his cōsent in taking of his monye. Nowe this being done, the Byshop with his chaplaynes, did laboure a fresh to wynne him againe; but in vaine, for the sayde Iames Abbes would not yelde for none of them all, although he had playde Peter before, through infirmitie, but stoode manfullye in his maisters quarell to the ende, and abode the force of the fyre, to the consuming of his body into ashes, whiche tyranny of burning was done in Berrie the second daye of August, in An. 1555.

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¶ A discourse of the apprehension, examination, and condempnation, of Iohn Denley Gentleman, Iohn Newman, and Patrike Pathingham, martyred for the testimonie of Christes Gospell. 
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The Martyrdoms of Denley, Newman and Patingham

The Rerum has a note that Denley, exaggeratedly described as being of noble family ('genere nobilis'), was burned at Uxbridge on 2 August 1555 (p. 510). There is also a version of the articles objected against Denley and Newman together with their answers (pp. 510-13). This is followed by a reiterated mention of Denley's death at Uxbridge and a statement that Newman was burned in September (actually it was 31 August 1555) in Saffron Walden (p. 513). Finally, Foxe stated that he would later print Newman's confession of faith (p. 513). He would print this confession offaith in the 1563 edition but not in the Rerum.

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In the 1563 edition, all of the material Foxe would ever have on Denley and Patingham was present, badly arranged. Tyrrell's letter, Newman's confession of faith and a letter from Denley to Simpson and Ardley were now printed, along with a somewhat different, and more complete, version of the articles and answers of Denley and Newman (these last almost certainly taken from official records). The desciption of the final examination of the three martyrs, first printed in this edition, may have come from either official records or personal testimony, but the account of Denley's execution was certainly based on personal testimony.

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In the 1570 edition all these materials were re-arranged, but Newman's confession of faith and Denley's letter to Simpson and Ardley were dropped. On the other hand, Newman's account of his examinations in Canterbury was added to this edition, together with Foxe's 'notes' breaking Newman's arguments into syllogisms. Foxe must have received this material while the 1570 edition was being printed, as he inserted it in the text over four hundred pages after the account of Newman's martyrdom (1570, pp. 2135-37). No changes were made to this material in the 1576 edition, and Newman's Canterbury examinations were still printed hundreds of pages out of chronological order (1576, pp. 1856-58). In the 1583 edition, Newman's confession of faith was restored. His Canterbury examinations were integrated with the account of his martyrdom. But, through an oversight, these examinations were also reprinted in their old location hundreds of pages later (1583, pp. 1950-51); consequently these examinations were printed twice in the 1583 edition.

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IN the middest of this tempestious rage of Antichristes whelpes, 

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Notice how this passage was toned down in the 1570 edition; this is another example of Foxe moderating his language in the second edition.

there were many þt thought, they would gratifie thē, by helping forwarde their bloudie enterpryses: but whether of a blind zeale, or of a pharasitical  
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This was was 'pharasitical' in the 1563 and 1570 editions. It was changed to 'parasitical' in the 1576 edition, undoubtedly as a printer's error. This mistake was reprinted in the 1583 edition.

flatterie I knowe not. Amonges which there was one MarginaliaEdmond Tyrrell Esquier.Edmond Tyrrell Esquier, & at that tyme a Iustice of peace within the countie of Essex, an assister (as it semeth) to þe cruell murtherers of Gods saints. Who as he came from the burning and death of certeyne godly Martyrs, met with this Iohn Denley Gentleman, and one Iohn Newman, (both of Maydstone

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in Kent
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