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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1340 [1271]

the deathe of two honest weomen which were brought fourthe & suffered in the same towne anone after.

And as he was going to the fire, there came a certaine maide MarginaliaThe name of this maid was Rose Pattinghā to him which toke him about the necke and kissed him, who being marked by them, that were present there, was sought for the nexte daie after to be had to prison and burned. The verye partye her selfe tolde me this tale.  

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Foxe relates the story of the maid kissing Samuel in the Rerum (pp. 524-25), and he stated that she had told the story of this encounter to Foxe himself in 1563, but Foxe did not name the woman as Rose Nottingham until 1570.

But as God of his godnes woulde haue it, she escaped their tirannicall handes, though she kept her selfe secrete in the towne a good while after. But as she was meruailously preserued by the prouidence of God, so the other two honest women did fall into the rage and furye of that tyme. The one was a- bruers wife: the other was a shoemakers wife but they were either of them wife nowe vnto Christ. With these two was this mayde  
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This story first appeared in the Rerum and is another indication that RoseNottingham furnished Foxe with her account of Samuel during Foxe's exile in Basel.

very- familiar and well acquainted, who an a tyme geuing coūsell to the one of them þt she should conueye her selfe awaye while she had tyme and space, inso muche as she coulde not awaye with the Quenes vniust procedings, had this answere at her handes againe. I knowe well saith she, that it is lawfull inough to fle away, which remedye you maye vse, if you list. But my case standeth other wise. I am tied to a husband, and haue besides a sorte of yonge children at home. And then, I know not how my husbande being a carnall man wil take my departure from hym. Therfore I am minded for the loue of Christ and his trueth to stande to the extremitye of the matter. And so, the next daye after Samuell suffered, these two, MarginaliaAn Pottē, Mychaels wyfe,Anne Potten, and one Michaels wife 
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Anne or Agnes Potten was named in 1563, but Joan Trunchfield was not named until 1570.

were aprehēded together, and had bothe into prison together. Which as they were, bothe by sexe and nature somewhat tender, so were they at first lesse able to endure the strayghtnes of the prison. And þe bruers wife was cast into maruellous great agonies & troubles of mind therbi. But Christ beholding the stoutnes of her stomacke, did not faile to help her when she was in this necessitye. So at the lengthe they both suffered after Samuell Anno. 1556. February 19. as shalbe by the Lordes grace declared here after: And these same were that two ladders, which being ioined with the thirde, Samuell sawe streched vppe in to heauen.

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VVilliam Allen. 
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William Allen

The Rerum simply has a note stating that William Allen was burned at Walsingham in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). In the 1563 edition, Foxe wrote a very brief account of Allen's martyrdom, stating that at his execution he was allowed to go to the stake untied. This almost certainly was the personal testimony of an eyewitness. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added details of Allen's examinations and condemnation drawn from Norwich diocesan records. Happily Foxe's copies of these documents - the accusations made of Allen, questions put to Allen along with his answers and his condemnation - survive (BL, Harley 421, fos. 187v, 188v, 201r-202r and 214r). This account was unchanged in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaW. Allen,NExte after the sufferinge of Robert Samuel, aboute the beginning of September was burned William Allen in Walsingam, who declared such constancie at his martirdome, & had suche credit with the Iustices, by reason of his vprighte and well tried conuersation emonge them, that he was suffered to go and stand vntied at his suffering, & ther stode quietly without shrinking, vntil he died.

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VVilliam Andrew. 
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William Andrew

The Rerum has a note stating that William Andrew died in Lollard's Tower in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). Foxe's complete account of Andrew, including Southwell's letter, first appeared in the 1563 edition. All of this material was drawn from official records, now lost, of the London diocese. The account of William Andrew was substantially unchanged in later editions.

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MarginaliaW. AndrewWIlliam Andrew of Horsley, in the coūty of Essex Carpēter was brought to Newgate the first day of April. Anno. 1555. by Ihon Motham 

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John Motham's name was only introduced in the 1570 edition; it may have come from oral sources or it may have been a detail from the official documents which had been previously overlooked.

counstable of Mauldon in Essex: the first and principall promoter seamethe to be Syr Richarde Southwel Knight, by a letter written by him to Boner, as by the copye hereof appeareth.  
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This letter had probably originally been copied into a court book of Bishop Bonner which contained the examinations of Andrew. This court book is now lost.

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¶ A letter sent to Boner, Bishop of Lōdon from Sir Richard Southwel, Knyght.

MarginaliaA letter of syr Richard Southwell.PLeaseth it your lordship to vnderstād, that the lord Rich dyd about. vii. or. viii. wekes by past, send vp vnto the Counsell one Wylliam Andrewe of Thorpe, within the County of Essex, an arrogant hereticke. Their pleasure was to cōmaund me to cōmit him vnto Newgate, where he remayneth. And as I am enformed, hath infected a nomber in the pryson with hys heresy: 

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Andrew must have been quite effective in proselytizing for word of it to have reached the privy council. This was one of the dangers of the long incarceration of protestants; it gave them an opportunity to convert fellow prisoners. The martyr Richard Gibson was a prisoner converted to protestantism.

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your Lordship shal do very well (if it please you) to conuent him before you, and to take order with him, as hys case doth require. I know the Counsel ment to haue wryt herein vnto your Lordshippe,  
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This is one of a number of examples of the privy council prodding Bonner to move faster in bringing heretics to trial. This would be especially apparent in the case of John Philpot.

but by occasion of other busines, the thing hath bene omitted. Wherfore knowing their good pleasure, I dyd aduise the Keeper of Newgate, to wayte vpon you wyth these lynes. And so referrynge the rest to your vertuous consideration, I remayn your good Lordshippes to commaund, thys. xii. of Iune, Anno. 1555.

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Richard Southwel.

This William Andrew, being twise broughte before Boner to examination, there māfully stoode in the defense of his religion. At length through straite handling in the prison of Newgate, there he loste his life, which els his aduersaries woulde haue taken awaye by fire. And so after the popishe maner was cast out into the field, and by night was priuelye buried by the handes of good men, and faithfull brethren.

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Richard Smith, Thomas King, and Thomas Leyes. 
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George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade

There was a great deal of confusion about the names of these martyrs. In the Rerum, there is a note stating that 'Richard Smith' and George 'Bing' died in Lollard's Tower in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). John Wade and Thomas Leyes are not mentioned in the Rerum. The 1563 edition corrects the name 'Bing' to King but it still names the non-existant 'Richard Smith'. Wade is still not named but Leyesis mentioned and described as having died in Newgate. In the 1570 edition, their names are finally correctly rendered as George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade and they are all stated to have died in Lollard's Tower. Foxe probably obtained his scant information on this trio from oral sources: since they were not brought to trial or even examined, there was no accessible official record of them. The 1563 account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaRich. Smyth. Tho. Kinge. Tho. Leyes.ABout the same tyme that William Andrew died in Newgate, sickened Richard Smithe, and Thomas King in Lollars tower, and one Thomas Leyes prysoner in Newgate, who all beyng verye weake, were remoued into sondrye houses within the City of London where they departed, and were cast out into the fyelds, and like wyse buryed by nighte, by the faithfull brethren, when no man in the daye durste do it.

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Thomas Cob. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb

In the Rerum there is merely a note that Thomas Cobb was burned at 'Chetford' [i.e., Thetford] in September 1555. This note is essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. Foxe printed his full account of Cobb in the 1570 edition and it was drawn from Norwich official documents: the sentence against Cobb and an interrogation of Cobb. (These documents remain in Foxe's papers: the sentence is BL, Harley 421, fos. 203r-204r and the interrogation is fo. 217r-v. The sentence is the original document, but the interrogation is a copy made in Foxe's handwriting). There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaTho. Cobbe.JN thys moneth of September, after Samuel and other aboue rehearsed, was burned Thomas Cobbe at Thetford.

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