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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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Commentary on the Text
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1651 [1570]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

maunded to appeare agayne at afternoone in the same place, which cōmaundement obeyed, the Byshop fyrst called for Losebye, and after his accustomed maner wylled his articles and aunsweres to be redde: and in redyng thereof, when mention was made of the Sacrament of the altar, the Byshop with his Colleages put of their cappes, whereat Loseby sayde: my Lorde, seing you put of your cappe, I will put on my cap, and therwithal did put on his cap, and after, the Byshop continuyng in his accustomable perswasions, Losebye agayne sayde vnto hym: my Lorde, I truste I haue the spirit of truthe, which you deteste and abhorre. for the wysdome of God is foolyshnes to you: whereupon the Byshop pronounced the sentence of condemnation against hym, and delyueryng hym vnto the Sherife, called for Margaret Hyde, with whome he vsed the lyke order of exhortations. To whome notwithstanding she sayde: I wyll not departe from my sayinges tyll I be burned: and my Lord (quod she) I woulde see you instructe me with some part of Goddes worde, and not to geue me instructions of holy bread and holy water. for it is no part of the scripture. But he being neyther him selfe, nor any of his, able ryghtly to accomplyshe her request, to make short worke, vsed his fynal reason of conuincement, whiche was the sentence of condemnation. And therfore leauing her of, called for an other, vz: Agnes Stanley, who vpon the Byshops lyke perswasions made this aunswer. My Lorde, wher you saye I am an heretique, I am none: yet I wyl not beleue you, nor any man that is wyse wyll beleue as you do. And as for these that ye saye be burnt for heresie, I beleue are true martyrs before God: therfore I wyll not goe from my opinion and fayth, as longe as I lyue. Her talke thus ended, she receiued the lyke rewarde that the other had hadde. And the Byshop then turning his tale and maner of intisement vnto Thomas Thyrtel, receiued of him lykewyse this fynall aunswere. My Lorde, I wyll not holde with youre idolatrous wayes, as you doe. for I saie the masse is idolatrie and wyll sticke to my fayth and beliefe so longe as the breath is in my body. Vpon which wordes he was also condemned as an heretique. Laste of all, was Henry Ramsey demaunded if he woulde (as the rest,) stand vnto his answers, or els recanting the same, come home agayne, and be a member of their churche. Whereunto he aunswered: I wyll not go from my religion and beliefe as longe as I lyue: and my Lorde (quod he) your doctrine is naught. for it is not agreable to Gods worde. After these woordes, the Byshop (to conclude) pronouncing the sentence of condemnation against him, and the rest, as ye haue heard, charged the Sherife of London with them. who being therunto com-

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maunded, the xii. daye of the same moneth of Apryll, brought them into Smithfield, where al together in one fyre, moste ioyfully and constantly they ended theyr temporall lyues, receiuing therfore the lyfe eternall.

¶ Three burned in saint Georges field in Southwarke. 
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Stephen Gratwick and Two Other Martyrs

There is only a note about these martyrs in the 1563 edition; this complete account first appears in the 1570 edition. The entire account is based on Gratwick's account of his examinations.

AFter these, moreouer in the moneth of May, MarginaliaMartyrs.there were three that suffered in saint Georges fielde in Southwarke, Wylliam Norant, Steuen Gratwyck.

And with these also one Kyng 

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The mentions of King in this account - and it is significant that Foxe does not know his first name - is all that we know of King.

suffered in the same fyre.

Seuen Godly martyrs, fiue weomen and two men burned at Maydstone for the worde of truthe, and professing of sincere Religion of Christ. 
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Edmund Allin and Other Kentish Martyrs

In the 1563 edition, Foxe simply had the names of the martyrs, the date of their executions and he had apparently seen the records of their trial in the consistory court of Canterbury. (Their condemnation remains among Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 590, fos. 78v-79r). In 1570, Foxe added an account of Allin's return from exile in Calais, his execution and then, in a flashback, Foxe described Allin's earlier arrest. (As Foxe notes, his informants for this were Richard Fletcher and John Webbe). Foxe also had copy of Allin's informal examination by Sir John Baker, which he printed in this edition. And, in the same edition, he printed an account which he obtained from Roger Hall, the brother of the martyr Alice Benden, of Edmund Allin's escape from Baker and his flight overseas (see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Notes on a Source for John Foxe's Account of the Marian Persecution in Kent and Sussex' Historical Journal 67 (1994), pp. 203-11). This last account was deleted, probably accidentally, from the 1583 edition; otherwise the narrative of these martyrs remained unchanged.

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MarginaliaIune. 18.I Shewed a litle before, how after the vnmercifull proclamation was sent and sette foorth by the Kyng and Queene, in the moneth of February last, the storm of persecution began in al places to ryse (wherof some part also is declared before) but yet in no place more then in the countrey and dioces of Caunterbury, by reason of certen thaforesayde Inquisitours, beyng nowe armed with autoritie, but especially by reason of MarginaliaR. Thorntō Nicholas HarspfieldRychard Thornton suffragan of Douer, and Nicholas Harpsfield Archedeacon of Caunterbury, who of their owne nature were so furious and firy against the harmeles flock of Christe, that there was no neade of anye proclamation to styrre vp þe coales of their burnyng crueltie, by reason of which their crueltie this history hath declareth before many a Godly saincte to lye slayne vnder the altar: as in the places of this booke well maye appeare. And now to return to the sayde dioces of Caunterbury agayne, in the next moneth following, 

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I.e., the month following the execution of Gratwick - June, 1557.

being the moneth of Iune, the xviii. daye of the same were seuen christian and true faythfull martyrs of Christe burned at Maydstone, the names whereof here be expressed. MarginaliaMartyrs.

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Ioane Bradbrydge 

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'Bradbridge's widow', also of Staplehurst, was burned at Canterbury the day after Joan Bradbridge was burned at Maidstone; presumably they were relatives. For an account of Bradbridge's death which Foxe did not print see Freeman, 'Notes on a Source', pp. 203-11).

of Stapleherst.
Walter Apelbye of Maydstone.
Petronyll his Wyfe.
Edmund Alen of Frytenden.
Katherine his Wyfe.
Ioane Manninges, wyfe of Maydstone.
Elyzabeth a blynd maiden.

Concerning the generall articles commonly obiected to them, and the order of their condemnatiō, partly is expressed before, Pag. 1229. neither did their aunsweres in effect much differ from the other that suffred vnder the same

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