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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1712 [1631]

and therfore had written a letter (to that effect) vnto certayne that were burned at Colchester. The copy whereof ensueth.

A letter written by Richard Roth, vnto certayne brethren, and sistren in Christ, condempned at Colchester, and redy to be burned for the testimony of the truth. 
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This letter was printed in all editions of the Acts and Monuments and also in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 680-81.

MarginaliaA letter.O Deare brethren & sisters, how much haue you to reioyce in God, that he hath geuen you such faith to ouercom this bloudthirsty tirauntes thus farre. And no doubt he that hath begon that good worke in you, wyll fulfill it vnto thend. O deare hartes in Christ, what a crowne of glory shal ye receaue with Christ in the kingdom of God? Oh that it had bene the good wil of God, that I had bene redy to haue gone with you. for I lye in my lords litle ease in the daye, and in the night I lye in the Colehowse, from Raufe Allerton, or any other. And we loke euery day when we shalbe cōdemned. for he sayd that I should bee burned within. x. daies before Easter: but I lye stil at the pooles brinke, and euery man goeth in before me: but we abide paciently the Lordes laysure, with many bandes, in fetters and stockes: by the which we haue receaued greate ioye in God. And nowe fare you well, deare brethren and sisters in this world: but I trust to see you in the heauen, face to face. O brother Munt, with your wyfe & my deare sister Rose, oh how blessed are you in the Lord, that God hath found you worthy to suffer for his sake: with all the rest of my deare brethren and sisters knowen and vnknowen. O be ioyful euen vnto death: feare it not, sayth Christ. for I haue ouercomed death, saith he. Oh deare hartes, seing that Iesus Christ wilbe our healpe, oh tary you the Lordes laysure. Be strong, let your harts be of good comfort, and wayte you stil for the Lord. he is at hand. yea the angel of the lord pitcheth his tent rounde aboute them that feare him, and delyuereth them which way he seeth best. For our lyues are in the Lordes handes: and they can do nothing vnto vs before God suffer them. Therfore geue all thankes to God. Oh deare hartes, you shalbe clothed with longe white garmentes vpon the mount Sion, with the multytude of Saintes, and with Iesus Christ our sauior, which wil neuer forsake vs. Oh blessed Virgine, ye haue played the wyse virgines parte, in that you haue taken oyle in your lampes, that ye may go in with the bryde grome, when he commeth, into the euerlasting ioy with him. But as for the folish shalbe shut out, because they made not them selues redy to suffer with Christ, neither go about to take vp his crosse. O deare hartes, how precious shall your death be in the sight of the Lord? for deare is the death of his sayntes. O fare you well, & praye: the grace of our Lord Iesus Christ bee with you al, Amen, Amen. Pray, pray, pray.

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By me Richard Roth, written with myne
owne bloud.

THis letter he confessed (vpon the sayd examinatiō) to haue written with his bloud and that he mente to haue sent the same vnto such as were condemned at Colchester for the gospell of Iesus Christ, and were after-

wardes burned ther, as ye haue alredy heard. The Byshop then farther asked him, what he thought his prison fellow Raufe Allerton to be. He answered that hee thought him to bee one of the elect children of God: and that if at any time herafter he happened to bee put to death for his faithe, and religion, he thoughte he should dye a true martyre. And moreouer fynding him selfe agreued with þe Byshops priuie and secreate condempnings of Gods people, sayd vnto him in this sorte: my Lord, because the people should not see and behold your doinges, ye cause mee and others to bee brought to our examinations by nighte, being afraid, belike, to do it by day. the B. not greatly caring for this talke, proceded to examine him of other matters, amongs which this high and waighty thinge was one, videlicet, How he did lyke the order & rites of the church then vsed here in England. To whome hee said, that he euer had and yet then did abhorre the same with all his harte. Then diuerse of the Byshops complices entreated and perswaded him to recant, and aske mercy of the Byshop. No (quod Roth) I wyl not aske mercy of him that cannot geue it. Wherupon hee was (as the rest before mencioned) condempned, & deliuered vnto the Shriue. And the. xvii. daye of September they al most ioyfull ended their lyues in one fyre at Islington, for the testimony of Christ, as before is declared.

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Here foloweth the story and martirdom of two godly Christian women, burnt at Colchester for sincere professing of Christes Gospell. 
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In 1563, Foxe printed an account of the martyrdoms of Bongeor and Thurston which was based on a letter to Bonner from the baliffs of Colchester and on testimony from individuals about Bongeor's readiness to die and about Thurston's temporary backsliding. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added Joan Cook's testimony about the postponement of Thurston's martyrdom. But in the same edition, Foxe deleted the letter to Bonner, which explained why Bongeor's execution was postponed; instead Foxe merely replaced it with a short explanation of Bongeor's temporary reprieve. The account remained unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaSeptember 17. MarginaliaAgnes Bongeor, and Margaret Thurston.A Littell before (gentle reader) was mention made of tenne þt suffered martirdō at Colchester pag. 1610. at which time there were two other women also, one called Margaret Thurston, 

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Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston

Margaret Thurston was the wife of John Thurston, who died in prison (see 1563, p. 1611; 1570, p. 2202; 1576, p. 1900 and 1583, p. 2009.

and the other Agnes Bongeor, that should haue suffered with them, and wer likewise condempned at the same tyme and place that the other aboue named ten were, for the lyke cause, and answered also in their examinacions the lyke in effect as the other did. But the one (namely Margaret Thurston) þe morning she should suffer with those that went from the castell, was mightely attempted of þe wicked papistes to relent from her conceiued and vndoubted truth: and what through infirmity, the fear of the fier, and their flattering perswasions, she yelded vnto them after a sort. wherby for that present she was kept backe from martirdome and committed that daye prysoner to Motehall in Colchester, wher before she was prisoner in the Castel afore said. And the other, named Agnes Bongeor, who should haue suffe-

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