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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1749 [1668]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

in the sacrament is cōteyned the body & bloud of our sauiour Iesu Christe, saying: this is the marke that ye shote at.

Item, we articulate, that the church holdeth and beleueth that confirmation is a sacrament in the chuche, and that by imposition of hands of a byshop, cometh grace.

He answereth, þt he knoweth not whether þe confirmation be a sacrament or not, & whether the B. geueth grace or not: he knoweth not the order and fashion of ministration.

Marginalia4Item, we articulate, that penance is a sacrament in þe church, & þt by auricular cōfessiō & absolutiō pronounced by þe prest, sinnes be forgeuē.

He answereth negatiuely, deniyng sinnes to be forgeuē by absolutiō pronounced of a priest, and that it is not necessary for a man to recite all his sinnes to a priest.

Marginalia5Item, we articulat against thee, þt the church doth beleue & hold, þe same autoritie to be now in þe church, which Christ gaue to his apostles.

He answereth negatiuely, for þt the churche hath not the same power & strength to worke.

Marginalia6Item, we articulate, þt the church beleueth & holdeth þt þe order of ministers, now being in þe church of christ, is instituted of christ him self.

He answereth þt he beleueth not þe bishops to be þe successors of Thapostles, for þt they be not called as they were, nor haue that grace.



Head of the churche.

Itē, we articulate, þt the church beleueth and holdeth, the Pope to be supreme head in the church & the vicar of Christ in earth.

He answereth, that it is not the Pope, but it is the deuill that is supreme head of the church which you speake of. Marginalia8Itē, we articulate, þt the church doth holde & beleue þt it is necessary to be baptised. He denieth not the same.

Marginalia9Itē, we articulate, þt the church doth holde & beleue, that ther is a purgatory, and that the soules of the dead be relieued with the almoise and prayers of the lyuing.

He answereth & saith, as touching purgatory he will not beleue as their church doth beleue.

Marginalia10Itē, we articulat, þt the church holdeth & beleueth, þt matrimony is a sacramēt of the church.

He answereth, that he wil not saye that matrimony is a sacramēt, but to be a sacrat ordre and signe of an holy thing. &c. 

Commentary  *  Close

In the 1563 edition, Foxe records that Benbridge was asked at this point why he did not marry one Mary Newton and Benbridge said that there was good reason why, but he would not declare it. It is obvious that Mary Newton was Benbridge's betrothed and it is also obvious why this passage was never reprinted.

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And father being the same time demaūded, why he doth not procure the matrimonie betwixt hym & Mary Newton to be solemnised: To this he aunswereth, that there is a great cause why, but sayeth he wyll not, nor may not expresse the same.

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Moreouer, happening into the mention of MarginaliaM. Luter.Martin Luther, he sayeth: that the sayd M. Luther died a good christen man, whose doctrine & lyfe he doth approue and allowe.

THus haue ye the articles ministred by the B. and also the answers of the sayd maister Benbrige vnto the same, for the which he was then condēned, & after brought to the place of

martyrdome, by the sherife called sir Rycharde Pecksall, where as he standyng at the stake began to vntie his poyntes, & to prepare him self. First he gaue his gown to the keper, being belyke his fee. his ierkin was layde on with gold lace fayre and braue, which he gaue to sir Rychard Pecksall, the hyghe sherife. His cappe of veluet he toke of from his head, and threwe it awaye, saying: Qui potest capere capiat, ketch that ketch may, Then lifting his mynd to the Lord, he made his prayers.

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That done, being now fastened to the stake, D. Seaton wylled him to recant and he should haue his pardon: but when he sawe it preuayled not to speake, the sayd naughtie D. wylled the people not to pray for him (onlesse he wold recant) no more thē they would pray for a dog.

Maister Benbrige standing at the stake wt his hādes together, in such maner as the priest holdeth his hands in his memento, the sayd D. Seatō came to hym again & exhorted him to recant, vnto whome he sayde: away Babylon, away: then sayde one that stode by. Syr, cut out his tongue: and another, being a temporal mā, rayled on hym worse then D. Seaton did a great deale, who (as is thought) was set on by some other.

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Then when they sawe he wold not yeld, they bad the tormētors to set to fire, & yet he was no thyng lyke couered with faggottes. First the fire toke awaye a pece of his berde, whereat he nothing shrāk at al: then it came on þe other side & toke his legs, & the nether stocks of his hose being lether, made the fire to perce the sharper, so þt the intollerable heate thereof mae hym to crie, MarginaliaM. Benbrige recanted at the stake.I recant, & sodenly theron he thrust the fire from him. And hauing ii. or iii. of his frēdes by, that wyshed his life, stept to the fire & holpe to take it frō him also, who for their labour were sent to pryson. MarginaliaSyr R. Pecksall.The sherife also of his own autoritie toke him from the stake, & sent hym to pryson again, for the which he lay in the Flete for his labour a certain tyme. 

Commentary  *  Close

Sir Richard Pexall, the sheriff of Hampshire, was also summoned before the privy council to answer for his failure to carry out the execution (see APC VI, pp. 371-72).

But before he was taken frō the stake, the said Seatō wrote articles to haue him to subscribe vnto them, as touching the Pope, the sacrament & such other trashe. which the said M. Benbrige made much a do, or he wold subscribe thē, in so much þt D. Seaton willed them to set to fire agayne: then with muche payne and great grief of hart he subscribed to them vpō a mās back. That being done he had his gown geuen him again,and so was led to pryson. Being in pryson, he wrote a letter to D. Seaton, & recanted those wordes he spake at the stake, vnto whiche he had subscribed. for he was greued that euer he dyd so wryte vnto them,  
Commentary  *  Close

Whatever the sincerity of Benbridge's recantation, it was not enough in any case to save his life. A letter from the privy council to Sir Richard Pexall ordered that Benbridge be executed even if his recantation was sincere (APC VI, p. 361).

wherupon expressing his cōsciēce, MarginaliaM. Benbrige brought againe to the fyre where constantly he suffered.he was such day seuenight after burnt in dede, where the vyle tormentours dyd rather broyle hym then burne hym.

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The Lord geue his enemies repētaunce.

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