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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1751 [1670]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

whose presence the said Chauncellor condempned those good poore lambs, and deliuered thē ouer to the secular power, who receyued and caried them to prison ymmediatly, and there kepte them in safety til the daye of their death. The meane time this naughtye Chauncellor slept not I warrant you, but that day in which they were condemned, he made certificat into the Lord Chauncellors office, from whence the next day after was sent a writ to burne them at Brainford afore said. which accordingly was accomplished in the same place, the said. xiiii. daye of Iuly, wherunto they beinge broughte, made their humble prayers vnto the Lord Iesus, vndressed them selues, went ioifully to the stake, wherto they were bound, and the fier flaming about thē, they yelded their souls, bodies, and liues into the handes of the omnipotent lord, for whose cause they did suffer, & to whose protectiō I commend the, gentel reader, Amē. Among these. vi. was one William Pikes (as ye haue heard) who sometyme dwelte in Ipswich in Suffolke, by his science a tanner, a very honest Godly man, and of a vertuouse disposicion, a good keper of hospitalyty, and beneficial to the persecuted in quene Maries daies. This sayd William Pikes, in the third yeare of the sayd Quene Maryes reigne, 

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Pikes, or Pickess, had been forced to flee Ipswich before May 1556: see 1576, p. 1981 and 1583, p. 2089.

a little after Mydsomer, being then at lyberty, wente into his garden, and toke with him a Byble of Rogers translation, wher he sitting with his face towards the South, reading on the said Bible sodenly fell downe vpon his boke betwene a xi. and xii. a clock of the day, iiii. drops of freash bloud, and knew not from whence it cam. Thē he seing the same, was sore astonished, & could by no meanes learne (as I sayd) from whence it should fal: & wiping out one of þe drops with his finger, called his wife, & said. The vertue of God wife what meneth this? will the lorde haue. iiii. sacrifices? I se wel enough the L. wil haue bloud. his wyl be don and giue me grace to abide the trial. Wife, let vs praye (said hee). for I feare the day draweth nygh. Afterwarde he dayly loked to be apprehēded of the Papists as it cam to passe accordingly as ye haue heard This much thought I good to write therof, to styrre vp our dull senses in considering the Lords workes, & reuerētly to honor the same. hys name therfore bee praised for euer more, Amen.

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Here is to be noted 

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This story was dropped because of a devastating attack on its credibility by Nicholas Harpsfield (Dialogi sex contra Summi Pontificatus, monastica vitae, sanctorum sacrarum imaginum oppugnatores et pseudomartyrs [Antwerp: 1566], p. 962). Rather than defend the untenable, Foxe quietly dropped the story.

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by the way emongest these that suffered at Baineforde, MarginaliaA notable tokē geuen of god, at the prayer of his there was of the said company, who at their burning desired of God some token to be geuen, wher by the people might knowe that they dyed in the ryghte. After, comming to the place of execution, and being in the fyer, there appeared in him that so prayed, in his breast, a maruelous white crosse, as whyte as the paper, the bredth wherof extended from the one shoulder to the other, the length being as much as the bredth. The cōpas therof in euery place was a brode as a hand. This crosse appeared so long, tyl he fel downe flat to the fyre. Maister Deane afore sayde dyd see it with his eyes, and he that sawe dyd iustify it, & him selfe declared it to me with his owne mouth, anno. 1561. Oct. 14.

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The death and martirdom of. ii. which suffred at Ipswich for the Gospel, of Christ and his euerlasting testament named Saunder Gouch, and Elizabeth Driuer. 
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Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver

The backgrounds of Gouch and Driver, as well as their examinations, first appeared in the 1563 edition. Foxe was drawing on individual informants for their arrest and background and on official records for Gouch's examinations. (The processes against Gouch and Driver, and the sentence against Driver, are among Foxe's papers - see BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 140r-v and 142r-143r). The account ofDriver's examinations was compiled by a sympathetic observer of her trial. In the 1570 edition an account of their executions, supplied by an eyewitness, was added to this account. No further changes were made to the narrative of their martyrdoms.

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MarginaliaM. Noone a persecutorMAister Noone, 

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In the 1563 edition (p. 1698) Foxe has a further account of how Francis Nunn, the JP, who hunted Gouch and Driver so relentlessly, also nearly captured John Noyes (or 'Moyse'). This account was probably dropped because of Nunn's influence (he remained a JP well into Elizabeth's reign), but it is interesting that Foxe retained the account of his hunt for Gouch and Driver.

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Iustice in Suffolke dwelling in Martlesā, hunting after good men, to apprehend them (as he was a bloudy tyraunt in the dayes of triall) at the length had vnderstandinge that one Gouch of Wodbridge, and Driuers wyfe of Grousborough to be at Grousborough to gether, a little from his house, immediatly toke his men with hym and went thither, & made diligent serch for them, where the poore man and woman wer compelled to stepe into an haye golphe to hide them selues frō their cruelty. MarginaliaGotch and Driuers wife taken at Grosborough.At the last they came to serch the haye for them, and by gaging therof with pitchforkes at the last found them: so they toke them and led them to Melton Gaole, where they remaining a tyme, at the length were caried to Berry, against the assise at Saint Iames tide, and being there examined of matters of fayth, did boldlye stand to confesse Christ crucified, defienge the Pope wyth al his papysticall trash: And emong other thinges, Driuers wyfe lykening quene Mary in her persecutiō to Iesabel, MarginaliaQuene Mary called Iesibel Dryuers wiues eares cut of and so in that sense callinge her Iesabel, for that, syr Clemente Higham, beinge chefe Iudge there, adiudged her eares ymmediatly to be cut of, which was accomplished accordingly, and shee ioyfully yelded her selfe to the punishment, and thought her selfe happy, that shee was counted worthy to suffer anye thinge for the name of Christe.

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After the assise at Berry, they were caryed to Melton Gaole agayne, where they remained a tyme. This Saunder Gouch was a man of the age of. xxxvi. yeares or there aboutes, and by his science he was a weauer of shreddynge couerlets, dwellinge at Woodbridge in Suffolke, and borne at Vfford in the same county. Driuers wyfe was a woman about the age of. xxx. yeares, and dwelte in Grousborough where they were taken in Suffolke. her housband dyd vse housbandry. These two were caryed from Melton Gaole, to Ipswich, where they remayned and were examined, the which theyre examynation as it came to our handes hereafter followeth.

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The examination of Driuers wife before Doctor Spencer, the Chauncellor of Norwich.

FIrst, she commyng into the place where she should be examined, with a smyling countenaunce, MarginaliaDoctor Spencer.Doctor Spenser said: why woman, doest thou laugh vs to scorne?

Driuers wyfe. Whether I do or no, I mighte well enough, to see what fooles ye be. Then the Chauncellor asked her wherfore she was brought before hym, and whye she was layde in prison.

Dry. Wherfore? I thinke I nede not tell you. for ye knowe it better then I.

Chauncelour. No, by my trouth woman, I know not why.

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