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Actes and Monuments of the Churche.

ceptable vnto god.

Item þt men ought not to pray to any saint but only to god.

Item that the bells & ringing in the church was ordeined for no other purpose then to fill the priests purses.

Item þt it is no sinne to withstand the ecclesiasticall precepts.

MarginaliaIn this article is ment that the wicked be in þe churche but not of the churche.Item that the catholik church is only the cōgregatour of the elect.

Theese were the articles whiche were generally obiected against them all wherin they did so agre in one vniforme faith that whatsoeuer one did hold all the other did maintein & hold the same: By the which their consent and doctrine it appeareth that they all receaued it of some on instructor who was Williā Whit which being a scoler & folower of Iohn Wickliffe, resorted afterwarde into this contry of Norfolk and ther instructed these men in the light of the gospel. And now as we haue declared the names and articles of these good men so now it remaineth sōwhat to speake of their troubles how they wer hādled and first beginning with William Whit.

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¶ Wylliam White priest.
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Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
William White was a Wycliffite priest whose influence has largely to be deduced from the evidence of his followers, chiefly those whose trials in the diocese of Norwich are recorded for 1428-31. He is known to have been active also in Kent, and both he and his 'wife' Joan seem to have been effective proselytisers, and to have left groups of supporters in the Tenterden area of Kent as well as East Anglia. The surviving record of White's trial in provides evidence of the views he taught and for which he was condemned in 1428 and burned at Norwich. At least one of his disciples, Margery Baxter, was present at his burning and reported his final attempt to preach being stopped by a blow on his lips. It appears from Foxe's account that he had access not only to the Norwich heresy trial records, which we still have, but also to evidence that no longer survives, which somewhat fleshes out the account of White and his companion preacher, Hugh Pye. Foxe stated that White's wife had 'suffred much trouble & punishment' that year for sharing her husband's beliefs. Her fate remains unrecorded. The woodcut used to illustrate White in the first edition was a repetition of that used for Sir Roger Acton, with the text in the bandarole changed to 'O Lord receive my soul'. This was one of the misfitting set of blocks that were replaced in 1570, when White was represented by one of the new set of small single-column cuts.

Marginalia1428THis Wylliam White beyng a folower of Iohn Wicklieffe & a priest, but not of þe comon sort of prists, but to be reputed amōgest the nōber of thē of whome the wyseman speaketh. This man was a well learned, vpright, & wel spoken priest, he gaue ouer his priesthode and benefice and toke vnto hym a godly yonge woman to his wyfe named Ione, notwithstandyng he did not therfore cease or leaue from his former office and dutie, but continually laboured to the glory & prayse of his spouse Christ, by reading, wrytyng, and preachyng. The principall poyntes of his doctrine were these, whiche he was forced to recante at Cantorbury.

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Marginalia1.That men shuld seeke for the forgiuenes of their sinnes only at the hands of god.

Marginalia2.That the wicked liuing of the Pope and his hollines, is nothing ells then a diuelish estate and heuy yoke of Anticrhist, and therfore is an enemy vnto Christs truth.

Marginalia3.That men ought not to worship Images or other idolatrous paintinges.

Marginalia4.That men ought not to worship the holye men whiche are dead.

Marginalia5.That the Romishe churche is the fygge tree whiche the Lorde Christ hath accursed because it hath brought forth no fruite of the trewe beliefe.

Marginalia6.That suche as weare cowles, or annointed and shorne, are the launceknyghtes and souldiours of Lucifer: & that they all because their lampes are not burning shal be shut out whē as the Lorde Christ shall come.

Vpon whiche articles he beyng attached at Caunterbury vnder tharchebishop Henry Chicheley in the yeare of our Lorde 1424. He there for a certaine space stoutly and manlye witnessed the truthe whiche he had preached: but lyke as ther he lost his courage & strength so afterwarde he became againe muche more stouter and stronger in Iesu Christe and confessed his owne errour and offence.

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For after this he goyng into Norfolke with his sayd wyfe Ioane, and ther occupiyng hym selfe busely in teachyng and conuertynge the people vnto the true doctrine of Christ, at the last by meanes of the kyngs letters sent down for that intent and purpose, he was apprehended and taken and brought before William Byshop of Norwiche, by whome he was conuict and condemned of. xxx. articles and there was burned in Norwyche in the moneth of September, An. 1428. This William white and his wyfe, had his moste abode with one Thomas Moone of Lodney. This man was of so deuout and holy lyfe that all the people had hym in great reuerence, and desyred hym to praye for them, in so muche that one Margery Wryght confessed that if any saynctes were to be prayed to, she would rather praye

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to hym
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