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450 [450]

Actes and Monumentes of the Churche.

After this he was demaunded his opinion concernynge Religious menne, as Monkes, Nunnes, or Begwynes: whether he thought them to bee bounde to the vowe of chastitie or to the kepinge of anye other vowe, and whether he sayde to the fryers minorits any suche woorde, in effecte: I can not saue you in this your state and order. this he confessed, that he had said, how that: Not your religion saueth you, but the grace of God, &c. Not dening but they might be saued.

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Item being required whether he beleued or had written, that there is no mortall sinne, but which is exprest to be mortall in the canō of the holy byble. To this he aunswered, that he did so beleue as he had written till he was better informed. likewise being required what he thought of the vicar of Christ in earth, he aunswered, that he beleued that Christ left no vicar in earth. For the confirmation wherof he alleadged and said, that Christ ascēding vp to heauen said: Ecce ego vobiscum sum etc. Behold I am with you &c. In the which woordes he plainly declared that he would substitute vnder him no vicar in earth. MarginaliaWhat the vicar of Christ is.And said moreouer, if a vicar signified any man, the which in the absence of the principall hathe to doo the woorkes of the principall, then Christe hath no vicar here in earth.

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In like maner concerning indulgencies and pardones such as the church doth vse to giue, they demaunded of him, whether they had any efficacy, and what he thought therof: who aunswered againe that he had written a certaine treatise of that matter. And what he had written in that tretise, he wold persist therin which was thus: MarginaliaThe treasure of sainctes merites is not in earth.That he beleaued that the treasure boxe of the merits of Sanctes could not be distributed of the Pope to others, because that tresure is not left heare in earth. For so it writtē in the Apocalipse. Opera enim illorum sequntur illos, etc. That is: Ther works folow them

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Item that ther merites could not be applied to other men, for the satisfaction of their paine dewe vnto them. And therfore that the Pope and other prelates can not distribut that treasure to men.

MarginaliaThis saing was taken out of one Cantor pariensis. which was wōt to say: that pardones were holie deceates, because that lay mē therby were prouoked, by naughty disceat to giue good almes.It was obiected to him moreouer that in the said his treatise he called pardones and indulgēces, pias fraudes fidelium, that is holy frauds and deceates of the faithfull.

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Also beinge demaunded what he thoughte of the halowing & blessing of altars, chalices, vestiments, wax candells, palmes, herbes holy water and other dume things &c. He aunswered that they had no spirituall vertue and power in them to driue away deuils, and that holy water hath no more efficacy then other water not halowed. as cōcerning remission of veniall sinnes, and driuing a way deuills and other effects whiche the schoole doctoures dooattribute to it.

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Item for degrees of mariage forbidden in the scriptures, he beleueth that all Christian men, vnder deadly synne are bounde vnto the same.

Item he beleueth that God may geue grace to a man hauing the vse of reason, without all motion of free wyll. Also thynketh that saynt Paule in his conuersion, did nothyng of his owne free wyll for his conuersion, beleueth moreouer that God may geue suche grace to a man hauing the vse of reason, not doyng that whiche in hym is.

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Item affyrmeth that nothyng is to be beleued whiche is not conteyned in the Canon of the Byble.

Also that the electe are saued onely by the grace of God.

Besydes all these, moreouer he was charged with the olde opinion of the Grecianes, whiche thei did holde contrary to the Romain churche, vnto the tyme of the councel of Ferraria aboue mentioned, concerning the proceading out of the holy Ghoste. 

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I.e., Ruceruth believed that the Holy Spirit proceeded from God the Father, but not Jesus Christ. As Foxe observes, the Greek Orthodox church held (and holds) the same opinion, but in the late medieval Catholic church, this belief was heresy.

This examination being ended, after these articles were condempned by the Inquisitour and his assistance, then sayd he after this maner: As you do with me, if Christ him self were here, he might be condempned as an heretike. After this they sent diuers to him to haue communication with him, and to perswade him, sendyng also to hym with his article a forme of asking pardone, at lengthe within three or foure daies after, he was content to condescēd vnto them, and to submitte himselfe, to their holy mother churche, and the information of the doctors. In the booke of Orthuinus Gratius, and in Paralipomena, adioyned to Abbas Vrspurgensis, we reade these wordes written of this Ioannes de Wesalia 

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The following quotation is from Ortwin Gratius Fasciculi rerum expetendarum et fugiendarum (Cologne, 1535), fo. 166v. The 'Paralipomena' to which Foxe is referring is Casper Hedio's continuation of Burchard of Ursperg's chronicle. In this case, Hedio is merely repeating passages from Gratius.

, Dempto solo articulo de processione spiritus sancti, in aliis videtur nō ita grauiter. etc. That is: except only the article of the proceading of the holy Ghost, in other articles it semeth that he was not to be chastened with so sharpe censure, if respite & space had bene geuen him, if good councellors had bene about hym, if all they whiche did accuse him and moleste him had not bene, De via realium, as Thomistes, that is: the sect of Thomas, whiche Thomistes were set at that tyme against the other secte of the seculers, whiche were called Nominales. MarginaliaDiscord betwixt reals & nominals friers. And therfore, for the same cause they so spyted this doctour because he did not holde with theyr Thomas, whyche otherwyse, had not bene for that cause, they woulde neuer haue bene so fierce and malicious in proceadyng agaynst him. I take God to wytnes 
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This entire quotation, regarding contemporary disapproval of Ruceruth's trial, is taken directly from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Strasbourg, 1562), p. 560.

whiche knoweth al thinges, that this proces which was made against him vnto his reuokyng and burning of his bokes, did greatly displease maister Eugeline of Brunswicke,

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a great
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