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470 [470]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Churche.

ther instructions of better and more vpryghte liuing. About this tyme, Pope Leo goinge about to make warre against the Turkes, sent thre legates to gether from Rome, wherof one went into Germany, another into fraūce, MarginaliaCampeius sēt into England.and Laurentius Campeius was appoynted to come into England. When he was come to Callis, and that the Cardinall of Yorke had vnderstanding therof, he sent certaine Byshoppes and doctoures with as much spede as he could, to mete the Legate, and to shew him that if he would haue his Ambassad take effect he shuld sent in post to Rome to haue the said Cardinal of York, mad Legate, and to be ioyned with him in commission. Which thing he much affected because he perceaued his autoryty should be much deminished by the comming of the legate, and therfore requyred to be ioyned with hym in lyke degree of the Ambassades. Campeius being a man lyght of belief, and suspecting no suche matter, gaue credit vnto his wordes, and sent vnto Rome with suche spede, that within xxx. dayes after the bull was brought to Calis, wherin they were both equally joyned in commission, duryng whiche tyme, the Cardinall of Yorke, sent to the Legate at Callis, read clothe to clothe his seruauntes withall, whiche at their commyng to Callis, were but meanly appareled. When al thinges were ready, Campeius passed the seas and landed at Douer, & so kept forth his iourney towarde London, at euery good towne as they passed, he was receaued with procession, accompanied with all the Lordes and Gentlemen of Kent. And when he came to blacke heath, there met hym the Duke of Norfolke, with a great nomber of Prelates, Knightes & Gentlemen, all rychely appareled, and in the waye he was brought into a rich tent of cloth of golde, where he shifted hym selfe into a Cardinalles robe furred with ermines and so toke his mule riding toward London. Now marke the worthy example of ambition in a Cardinall. This Campeius had viii. mules of his owne, laden with diuers farthelles and other preparation. The Cardinall of Yorke, thynkyng them not sufficient for his estate, the nyght before he came to London, sent hym xii. mules more with empty cofers couered with red, to furnishe his cariage with all. MarginaliaAmbicion & pompe in Cardinall.The next daye, these. xx. mules were lead through the citie, as though they had bene laden with treasures, apparaile and other necessaries, to the great admiration of al men, that they shoulde receiue a Legate as it were a God, with such and so great treasure and ryches.

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For so the commen people did allwaies Iudg and esteme, the maiesty of þe clergy by no other thing then ther outward shewes and pompe: but in the midest of this great admiratiō, ther happened a ridiculous spectacle to the great derisiō of ther pride and ambitiō. For the mules passing through Cheapeside, þe people pressyng a bout them to behold and looke vpon them, it happened that one of the mules breaking his colloure that he was ledde in, ran vpon the other mules, wherby it happened, that they so ronning to gether, and ther girtes being losed, ouerthrew diuers of there burthens. MarginaliaHow God dispointeth pride & pōpe in men.And so ther shewed the Cardinals treasure, Not without great laughter and scorne of many, & specially of boyes and gerles, wherof some gathered vp pieces of meat, other some pieces of bread and rosted egges, horse shoes, and olde shoes with suche other baggage, crying out, beholde, here is my Lorde Cardinals treasure. The muliters being therewithal greatly ashamed, gathered together their treasure agayne aswell as they could, and went forwarde. About thre of the clocke at after noone, the xxix. daye of Iulie, the Cardinall him selfe was brought through the citie with great pompe and solempnitie vnto Paules churche, where as when he had blessed all men with the Byshops blessinge (as the maner is) he was guyded forth vnto the Cardinall of Yorkes house, where as he was receiued by the other Cardinall, and by hym on the next daye beyng sondaie, was conducted vnto the kyng to fulfyll his Ambassade againste the Turke, whiche myght haue destroyed all Hungarye, in the meane tyme whyles they were studying, with what solempnitie to furnyshe out their Ambassade. This Cardinall of Yorke at all times at diner and supper was serued with his seruitours kneling on their knees, and many noble men of Englande wayting vpon him, such was his monstruous pompe and pryde. MarginaliaEx Parclipomena. 

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This refers to the 'paralipomena' (Greek: 'supplement') of the Chronicon quo omnes fere veteres … a chronicle that ended in the thirteenth century, by Burchard, abbot of Uspergensis [Urspergensis = Ursperg, a monastery in Bavaria]), edited and published by the enthusiastic humanist and Augsburg antiquarian Conrad Peutinger in 1515. The first continuation was by Conrad of Lichtenau [Konrad von Lichtenau]. The second continuation, to which Foxe refers here, was that by Caspar Hedio, which took it to 1537, the year it was published.

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But nowe, we wyll leaue the pompous & proude Cardinalles, and returne agayne to the simple Martyrs of Ihesus Christ. Wherof here now followeth (by the grace of Christe) from the tyme of kynge Henry the viii. to specifie and declare in suche sorte and order, that first we wyll comprehende all them, as in a summe, to gether, whiche in the saide kynge Henries tyme, were caused to abiure: then to intreate of them whiche constantlie did persist to death and Martyrdome.

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¶ Here followeth 
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London abjurations in 1528

This block is a listing of names of people forced to abjure their beliefs during the drives against heresy conducted in the diocese of London in 1528-32 and also 1537-8 and c.1540 (including Hugh Morris, John Harrydance, Herman Peterson, James Gosson John Goodale, Anthony Pearson, Robert Bennet, Henry Filmer, Robert Testwood and John Marbeck). It was taken from court books of the diocese which are no longer extant. Foxe provided a more detailed and accurate description of these individuals and their offences in subsequent editions of his book (1570, pp. 1184-92, 1576, pp. 1013-21 and 1583, pp. 1040-49). The reason for the chronological confusion of this list, its lack of detail and for the not infrequent garbling of names in it (William Blomefield, Henry Fasted of Colchester, Thomas Patmore of Much Hadham, Margaret Bowgas and John Harrydance) is that it was clearly compiled in haste as the 1563 edition was being printed. Foxe (and probably people assisting him) went through the court-books that they had not yet had time to transcribe (Foxe appears to have worked backwards in the London records, starting with the records for 1558) and hastily compiled this list from them. More detailed material on these people would have to wait for the 1570 edition. Thomas S. Freeman

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a brief table or cataloge conteyning the names of al suche as were forced to abiure, in kyng Henries dayes after the first begynning of Luther. 
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This list of individuals who abjured or recanted under Henry VIII is miscellaneous and covers the whole period from the 1520s to the 1540s. Many of their stories are told in more detail elsewhere in 1563. They were 'collect[ed] and gather[ed] out of the registers' and it is plain that list itself was assembled by Foxe or his team.

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Marginaliathe names of them in a som whiche were forced to reuoke & to beare faggots.

IOhn Hacker, alias Richardson 
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John Hacker was an extraordinarily influential Lollard with a long career; see J. A. F. Thomson, The Later Lollards, 1414-1520 for details. Hacker will be arrested in London in 1527 and in 1528, he would abjure and give the names of over 40 other Lollards to the authorities (1563, p. 418 and BL, Harley 421, fos. 11r-14r).

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Iohan Picas of Colchester.
Sebastiā Harris priest of Kenginton.
Rycharde Foster of London.
Thomas Topley a frier of Clare.
William Gardiner frier Augustine of Clare.
Sir Richard Foxe parishe priest of Bumsted.

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