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the byshop of Aix the president Chassane aunswered him, that it was no small matter to the arest of Merindale in execution. Also that the said arest was geuen out more to keepe þe Lutherians in feare, which were a great nōber in Prouince, then for to execute it in effecte as it was cōteined in the said arest. Then said the bishop of Aix vnto the president, I knowe well þt the gentlemen of Prouince which were at the banket, haue won you, or at the least haue entised you therunto, then said the president þe arest of Merindale, to speake properly, is not definitiue, and the lawes & statutes of this realme, do not permit the executiō therof without further proces. Then said the bishop, if there be either lawe or statute which doth hinder or let, you, we cary in our sleues to dispence their with al. The president aunswered, it were a great sinne to shed the innocent bloud. Then said the bishop, the bloud of thē of Merindale, be vpō vs & vpon our successours. Then said the presidēt I am very wel assured þt if þe arest of Merindol be put in execution, þe king wil not be wel pleased to haue suche destruction made of his subiectes. Then said þe byshop, although the king at the first do thinke it euill done, we wyll so bring it to passe þt within a short space, he shal thinke it wel done. For we haue þe Cardinals on our side, & specially the most reuerēt Cardinal of Tournon 

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The ecclesiastical and political significance of Cardinal François de Tournon (1489-1562), especially in south-east France, was considerable. He had founded the collège de Tournon in 1536 and increasingly devoted himself to the prosecution of heresy in the region, especially after 1547.

, þe which wil take vp þe matter for vs, & we cā do him no greater pleasure thē vtterly to route out these Lutherians. And if we haue any nede of his coūsel or aide, we shal be wel assured of him. And is not he the principall, the most excellent & the most prudent persecutour of these Luteriās which is in all christendome? By these & such other like talke, the byshop of Aix perswaded the presidents & coūsellours of the court of parliamēt, to put þe said arest in executiō, & by this meanes thorow the autoritie of þe said court, þe drom was sounded thorowout al prouince, þe captains were prepared with their ensignes displaide, & a great nōber of fotemen & horsemen, they began to sett forward & march out of þe town of Aix, in order of battell, well horsed & furnished against Merindole, to execute the arest, wherof the inhabitantes of Merindole being aduertised, as touching þe assēble, þe armie & the enterprise which was to execute þe arest, they knew not what other thing to do, but only to bewayle, weepe & lamēt, with great lamentatiō recomending in their prayers, their cause to almighty God, hauing none other meane but onely to make thē selues ready to be murthered & slaine, as shepe led vnto þe buchery. Whiles thei of Merindole were in this greuous distres, lamētatiō & most bitter teares, þe father with þe sōne, þe daughter with the mother, the wife with þe husband. Sodenly there was newes brought vnto them, þt the armie was retired, & no man knew at that time how or by what meanes, notwithstādingafterward it was knowen þt the lord of Alent, a wise man & learned in þe scriptures & in the ciuil lawe, being moued with great seale & loue of iustice, most vertuously declared vnto þe president Chassane, þt he ought not so to procede against the inhabitantes of Merindole, by waye of force of armes, contrary to all forme & order of iustice without iudgemēt or condēnatiō, or without making any differēce betwene þe gilty & the vngiltie. 
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In this encounter, Jacques Reynaud, sieur d'Aillens reminded Bartholomé Chassanée, premier president of the Parlement of Aix-en-Provence that the protestants were just as entitled to legal representation as the rats which Chassenée had stood counsel for in 1521. The affair was recounted by Chassanée in his famous, and beautifully-illustrated Catalogue gloriae mundi, printed at Lyon in 1528. It was a well-publicised case which somewhat made his legal reputation. The possibility for prosecuting animals had long existed in France, especially before ecclesiastical courts. The rats were accused of stealing the grain of the bishop of Autun ('Authun') and were likely to be excommunicated. Chassanée successfully defended them on the grounds that their failure to appear before the court was because the summons had only been issued to some of the rats of the diocese, whereas (in reality) all of them were implicated in the affair. The court decided that the summons had to be reformulated. When they failed to appear a second time, Chassanée argued that his clients could not attend the court because they were otherwise engaged in the preparation of a great migration. In the final hearing, he pleaded that the rats were in fear of their lives and the courtroom was not a safe place for them. They legitimately could not be expected to attend the hearing. The case was postponed sine die. Chassanée went on to produce a learned treatise dealing with all aspects of the legal prosecution and defence of animals (Consilium primum….de excommunicatione animalium, insectorum (1531). The bailliage ('bailiwyke') of 'Laussois' is 'l'Auxois', the country around Auxerre in Burgundy.

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And futhermore he saide, I desire you my Lord president, call to remebrāce the counsell whiche you haue written in your boke, entituled Catalogus glorie mundi, in the which boke you haue intreated & brought forth the processes which were holdē against þe rats by the officers of the court & iurisdiction of þe byshop of Autum. For as it happened in a maner throughout al the bailiwyke of Laussois, there was suche a great nōber of Rats, þt they marred & deuoured all the corne of þe country. Wherupon they toke counsel to sende vnto þe byshop of Autums Official, for to haue þe rats excommunicate, wherupon it was ordeined & decreed by the saide official, after he had hard þe plaintife of þe procurour fiscal, þt before he wold procede to excōmunicatiō, they shuld haue monition & warning, according to the order of iustice. For this cause it was ordeyned þt by the soūd of trōpet & opē proclamatiō made throughout all the streates of the towne of Autū, there Rattes shuld be cited to apere within iii. days. And if thei did not apere, thē to procede against them. The iii. daye we passed, & the procurour fyscall came into the court against the Rats, & for lack of aparaunce obteined default, by vertue wherof he enquired þt thei would proceade to the excōmunication, wherupon it was iudicially acknowledged þt the saide Rats being absent, should haue their aduocate apoynted thē to here their defences, for somuche as the question was for the whole destructiō & banishing of the said Rats. And you my Lorde president, which at that time was þe kinges aduocate before þe byshop Autum was chosen to be þe aduocate to defend þe said Rats. And hauing takē þe charge vpō you in pleading the matter, it was by you there declared, þt the citation was of no effect, for certain causes & reasons by you there alleged. Then was it acknowledged þt the sayd Rats shuld be once again cited throughout the paryshes where as they dwelt. Then after the citations wer duely serued, the procuror fiscal came againe into the court as before, & there it was alleaged by you my Lorde president, how that þe terme of apparāce geuē vnto þe rats was to short, &þt there were so many cats in euery towne and village as thei shuld passe thorow, that they had iuste cause to be absent. Wherfore you ought not so vaynely and lightly proceade against them, but you ought to loke vpō the holy scriptures, and there a man shal finde

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