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1015 [1015]

K. Henry. 8. The historye and lyfe of Doct. Martyn Luther.

to Zuricke, Vldericke Zuinglius did withstand him and declared his chaffer and pardons to be but a vayne seducyng of the people, to inueagle awaye their money. Ex Sled. lib. 1.

MarginaliaLuthers bokes condemned at Louen, and Colen.The next yeare insuyng, 

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The account of the condemnation of Luther's On Christian Liberty, is taken from Caspar Hedio, Paralipomena rerum memorabilium (Strassburg, 1569), pp. 454-55.

whiche was. 1520. the Friers and Doctours of Louane, and also of Colen, condemned the bokes of Luther, as hereticall. Against whom Luther agayne effectuously defended hym selfe, and charged them with obstinate violence, and malitious impietie. MarginaliaPope Leos Bull agaynst Luther.After this, within few dayes, flasheth out frō Rome the thunderbolt of Pope Leo agaynst þe sayd Luther, notwithstandyng he so humbly and obediently before had reuerenced both the person of the Pope, and agnised the authoritie of his sea, and also had dedicated vnto him his booke intitled MarginaliaLutherus de libertate Christiana.De Christiana libertate: that is, of Christian libertie: In whiche booke, these ij. pointes principally he discusseth and proueth.

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1. That a Christen man is free and Lord of all thinges, and subiecte to none.

2. That a Christen man is a diligent vnderlyng and seruaunt of all men, and to euery man subiect.

Moreouer, in the same yeare, he set out a defence of all his Articles, which the Popes Bull had before cōdēned.

MarginaliaLuth. ad Nobilitatem Germaniæ.An other booke also he wrote to the Nobilitie of Germanie, in the which booke he impugneth and shaketh the three principall walles of the Papistes: The first wherof is this:

MarginaliaThree walles or bulworkes of þe papistes.1. Wheras the Papistes say, Tht no temporall or prophane Magistrate hath any power vpon the spiritualtie: but they haue power vpon the other.

2. Where any place of Scripture beyng in controuersie is to be decided, they say, No man may expounde the Scripture, or be iudge therof, but onely the Pope.

3. When any Councell is brought agaynst them, they say that no man hath authoritie to call a Councell, but onely the Pope.

MarginaliaThe booke of Luther to the Nobilitie, wt the matter therin contayned.Moreouer, in the foresayd booke diuers other matters he handleth and discourseth: That the Pope can stoppe no free Councell. Also what thynges ought to be handled in Councels. That the pride of the Pope is not to be suffred. What money goeth out of Germany yearely to the Pope, mountyng to the summe of 3000000. Florences. The true meanyng of this verse he expoundeth: Tu supplex Ora, tu protege, tuq̀ labora. Wherin the iij. estates with their offices and dueties are described: to wytte, the Minister, the Magistrate, & the subiectes. Furthermore in þe sayd booke he proueth and discusseth, that the Emperour is not vnder the Pope, but contrariwise: that the donatiō of Constantine is not true, but forged: that priestes may haue wyues: that the voyces of the people ought not to bee separate from election of ecclesiasticall persons: that interdictyng, and suspendyng of matrimonye at certeyne tymes, is brought in of auarice: what is the righte vse of excommunication: that there ought to be fewer holy dayes: that libertie ought not to be restreined in meates: that wilfull pouertie & begging ought to be abolished: what damage and inconuenience haue growen by the Councell of Constance: and what misfortunes Sigismūd the Emperour susteined, for not kepyng fayth and promise with Iohn Hus, & Hierome: that heretickes should be conuinced not by fire and fagot, but by euidence of Scripture and Gods word: how scholes and Vniuersities ought to be reformed: what is to be sayd, and iudged of the Popes Decretalls: that the first teachyng of children ought to begyn with þe Gospell. Item, he writeth in the same booke agaynst excessiue apparell among the Germaines. Also agaynst their excesse in spices. &c.

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MarginaliaCharles the Emperour crowned.In this yeare moreouer folowed 

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This account of events leading up to the Diet of Worms is taken from Sleidan's Commentaries. See Johannes Sleidan, A famouse cronicle of oure time, trans. John Daus (London, 1560), STC 19848, fos. 24r-31r.

not long after, the coronation of þe new Emperour Carolus quintus: which was in the moneth of Octob. at Aquisgraue.

After whiche coronation beyng solemnised about the moneth of Nouemb. Pope Leo sent agayne to Duke Friderike ij. Cardinals, his Legates: of whom the one was Hieronymous Aleander, who after a few wordes of high cōmendation first premised to the Duke touching his noble progenie, and other hys famous vertues, they made ij. requestes vnto hym in the Popes name: MarginaliaTwo bloudye requestes of the pope to Duke Fridericke.First that he would cause all the bookes of Luther to be burned. Secondly, þt he would either see þe sayd Luther there to be executed, or els would make hym sure, and send hym vp to Rome, vnto the Popes presence.

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MarginaliaDuke Friderickes aunswere to the popes Legates, for Luther.These ij. requestes semed very straūge vnto þe Duke: who aunsweryng agayne to the Cardinals, sayd: that he beyng long absent from thence, about other publicke affaires, could not tel what there was done, neyther did he communciate with the doynges of Luther. Notwithstandyng this he heard, that Eckius was a great perturber not onely of Luther, but of other diuers learned and good men of hys vniuersitie. As for hym self, he was alwayes ready to do his duetie, first in sendyng Luther to Caietanus the Cardinall, at the Citie of Auguste: and afterward at the Popes commaūdement would haue sent hym away out of hys dominion, had not Miltitius the Popes owne chamberlaine, geuen contrary Councell to reteyne hym still in his owne countrey, fearyng lest that in other countreyes he might doe more harme, where he was lesse knowen: and so now also was as ready to doo hys duetie, whersoeuer ryght and equitie did so require. But for somuch as in this cause, he seeth much hatred & violence shewed of the one part, & no errour yet conuicted on the other part, but that it had rather the approbation of diuers well learned & sound mē of iudgemēt: and for somuche also as þe cause of Luther was not yet heard before þe Emperour: therfore he desired the sayd Legates to be a meanes to the Popes holynes, that certaine learned persons of grauitie and vpright iudgement, myght be assigned to haue the hearing and determinatiō of this matter, and that his errour first might be knowē, before he were made an hereticke, or his bookes burned. Which beyng done, when he shoulde see his errour by manifest & sound testimonies of scripture reuinced, Luther should finde no fauour at his hādes. Otherwise, he trusted that þe popes holines would exacte no such thing of him, which he myght not with equitie and honour of his place and estate, reasonably performe. &c.

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MarginaliaThe popes Legates burne the bookes of Luther.Then the Cardinals, declaryng to the Duke agayne, that they could no otherwise do, but according to þe forme of their prescript cōmission, they must procede: tooke the bokes of Luther, & shortly after, set fire vpon thē, & openly burnt them. MarginaliaLuther burneth the popes decrees & bulles at Wittenberge.Luther hearyng this, in lyke maner called all the multitude of studentes and learned men in Wittenberge, and there takyng the Popes decrees, and the Bull lately sent downe agaynst hym, openly and solemly accompanyed with a great number of people folowyng hym, set them lykewise on fire, and burnt them: whiche was the x. of December. 

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The burning of the papal bull was a decisive break with the Church. Luther was now subject to punishment from the emperor.

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A litle before these thynges thus passed betwene the pope and M. Luther, the Emperour had commaunded & ordeyned a sitting or assemble of all þe States of the Empire, to be holden ac the Citie of Wormes, against the vi. day of Ianuary next ensuyng. In the whiche assemble, through the meanes of Duke Friderike, the Emperour gaue forth that he would haue the cause of Luther, there brought before hym, and so it was. For at what tyme the assemble was commenced in the citie of Wormes, þe day and moneth aforesayd, which was the vi. of Ianuary, afterward vpon the vi. day of March folowyng, MarginaliaThe Emperours letter, & hys safeconduite sent to M. Luther.the Empe-perour, through the instigation of Duke Friderike, directed his letters vnto Luther, signifying, that for so much as he had set abroad certeine bokes, he therfore by the aduise of hys peares and princes about hym, had ordeined to haue the cause brought before hym, in his own hearyng, and therfore hee graunted hym licence to come and returne home agayne. 

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Luther was only summoned to be given an opportunity to retract his heresies and this concession was only obtained - over the objections of the papal legate and the reservations of Charles V - through the intervention of Frederick the Wise.

And that he myhgt safelye and quietlye so doe, and bee thereof assured, he promised vnto hym by publique fayth and credite, in the name of the whole Empire, his pastporte and safeconduict, as by the instrument whiche he sente vnto him, he might

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