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1249 [1249]

K . Henry. 8. Notes of Tonstalls Sermon, agaynst the Popes supremacie.

honouryng hym: but I sawe not Peter there to take hym vp, and to byd hym ryse, saying: I am a man as thou arte, as S. Peter dyd saye to Cornelius: so that the Bishoppes of Rome, admitting such adoration due vnto God, MarginaliaThe Pope climeth aboue the Apostles.do clyme aboue the heauenly cloudes, that is to saye, aboue the Apostels sent into the worlde by Christe, to water the earthly and carnall hartes of mē by their heauenly doctrine of the worde of God.

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Thus Byshop Tonstall hauyng described the passing pride of the Pope, surmountyng lyke Lucifer, aboue Byshops, Apostles, Aungels, and starres of heauen, procedyng then further to þe latter end of his Sermon, commeth to speake of his rage and malice most furious & pestilent, in that he beyng iustly put from his kyngdome here: MarginaliaThe Pope styrreth vp warre agaynst England.to wreke his spitefull malice, stirreth vp warre agaynst vs, and bloweth the horne of mischiefe in giuyng our land for a spoyle and praye to all, who so euer at his setting on, will come and inuade vs. But let vs heare his owne woordes preachyng to the kyng and all Englishe men, touchyng both the Popes malice, MarginaliaThe treason of Cardinall Poole.and the treason of Cardinall Poole.

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Now (sayth he) because hee can no longer in this realme wrongfully vse his vsurped power in all thyngs, (as he was wonte to do) & sucke out of this realme by auarice insatiable, innumerable sūmes of money yearly, to the great exhaustyng of the same: he therfore moued and replete with furious ire and pestilent malice, goeth about to stirre all Christē nations, that will geue eares to his deuilish enchauntementes, to moue warre agaynst this realme of England, geuyng it in pray to all those, that by his instigation will inuade it.

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And here expounding these foresayd wordes (to giue in pray) he declareth what great mischief they conteine, and willeth euery true English man well to marke thesame. MarginaliaThe Pope geueth England away for a praye.First to make this realme (sayth he) a pray to all venturers, all spoylers, all snappehaunses, all forlornehopes, all cormorantes, all rauenoures of the worlde, that will inuade this realme, is to say: thou possessioner of any landes of this realme, of what degree soeuer thou be, from the highest to the lowest, shalt be slayne and destroyed, and thy landes taken from thee by those that will haue all for them selues: and thou mayst bee sure to be slaine, for they will not suffer thee, nor none of thy progeny to lyue, to make any clayme afterward or to bee reuenged, for that were their vnsurety. Thy wife shalbe abused before thy face: thy daughter lykewise defloured before thee: thy children slayne before thyne eyes: thy house spoyled: thy cattell driuen away and sold before thy visage: thy plate, thy money by force taken from thee, all thy goodes, wherin thou hast any delight, or hast gathered for thy children, rauened, brokē and distributed in thy presence, that euery rauenour may haue his share. Thou Marchaunt art sure to bee slayne, for thou hast either money or ware, or both, whiche they search for. Thou Byshop or Priest, what soeuer þu be, shalt neuer escape, because thou wouldest not take the Byshop of Romes part, and rebell agaynst God and thy Prince, as he doth. If thou shalt flee, and scape for a season, what soeuer thou bee: thou shalt see and heare of so much miserye and abomination, that thou shalt iudge them happye, that be dead before: for sure it is, thou shalt not finally escape: for, to take the whole realme in pray, is to kill the whole people, and to take the place for thē selues, as they will do if they can.

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MarginaliaCardinall Poole traytor to England.And the Bishop of Rome now of late, to set forth his pestilent malice the more, hath allured to his purpose a subiect of this realme, Reginald Poole, comen of a noble bloud 

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Pole was a son of Sir Richard Pole and Margaret, countess of Salisbury (whose parents were the duke and duchess of Clarence - George Plantagenet and Isabella Neville). In the 1530s Henry came to consider the Poles a family of dangerous rival claimants to the throne.

, and thereby the more errant traytor, to go about from Prince to Prince, and from countrey to coūtrey, to stirre them to warre agaynst this realme, and to destroy the same beyng hys natiue countrey, whose pestilent purpose, the princes that he breaketh it vnto, haue in much abomination, both for that the Byshop of Rome (who beyng a Byshop should procure peace) is a styrrer of warre: and because this most errant and vnkynde traytour is his minister to so deuilishe a pur-pose, to destroye the countrey that hee was borne in, whiche any heathen man would abhorre to do.

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MarginaliaThe popes name and memory abolished.And so continuyng in his discourse agaynst Cardinall Poole and the Byshop of Rome for styrryng the people to warre and mischief, he further sayth, & sayth truly, that for these many yeares past, litle warre hath bene in these partes of Christendome, but the Byshop of Rome either hath bene a stirrer of it, or a nourisher of it, and seldome any compounder of it, vnlesse it were for his ambitiõ or profite. Wherefore, since, as S. Paule sayth, that God is not the God of dissension but of peace, Marginalia1.Cor. 14.who commaūdeth by his worde, peace alway to be kept: we are sure that all those, that go about to breake peace betwene realmes, and to bryng them to warre, are the children of the deuill, what holy names soeuer they pretend to cloke their pestilent malice with all: whiche clokyng vnder hypocrisie is double deuilishnesse, and of Christ most detested, because vnder hys blessed name, they do play the deuils part.

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MarginaliaEzech. 39.And in the latter ende of hys Sermon concludyng with the 39. Chapter 

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Ezekiel 39.

of Ezechiell, where the Prophet speaketh agaynst Gog and Magog, goyng about to destroy the people of God, and prophesieth agaynst them, that the people of God shall vanquishe and ouerthrow them on the mountaines of Israell that none of thē shall escape, but their carkases shall there be deuoured of kytes, and krowes, and byrdes of the ayre: so likewise sayth hee of these our enemies, wishing, that if they shall persiste in their pestilent malice, to make inuasion into this realme, MarginaliaThe Pope cõpared to Gog.then their great Captaine Gog (the Byshop of Rome hee meaneth) may come with them, to drinke with thē of the same cuppe, which he maliciously goeth about to prepare for vs, that the people of God might after quietly lyue in peace.

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We haue heard hetherto the othes, censures, and iudgemēts of certein particular Bishops, as of Yorke, of Winchester, of London, of Duresme, & also of Edmund Boner, Archdeacon then of Leycester, against þe Popes vnlawfull vsurpation. Now for the more fortification of the matter, and satisfying of the reader, it shall not be much out of purpose, besydes the consente and approbation of these aforesayd, to inferre also the publicke & generall agreement of the whole clergie of England, as in a total summe together, confirmed and ratified in their own publicke boke, made and set forth by them aboute the same tyme, called then the Bishops booke. In the which booke, although many things were very slender and vnperfecte, yet as touching this cause of the Bishop of Romes regalitie, we will heare (God willyng) what their whole opinion and prouinciall determination dyd conclude, accordynge as by their own wordes in the same booke, is to be sene word for word, as foloweth, subscribed also with their owne names: the Catologue of whom vnder their owne confession, shall appeare.

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MarginaliaTestimonies out of the Byshops boke, agaynst the Popes supremacie.WE thinke it 

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Foxe takes this directly from the Bishops' Book, otherwise known as The Institution of a Christian Man, from the bishops exposition on the sacrament of orders. [See 'The Institutions of a Christian Man', in Formularies of Faith Put Forth By Authority During the Reign of Henry VIII, ed. by C Lloyd (Oxford, 1825), pp.23-211 (at pp.116-7)].

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cõuenient, that all Bishops and preachers that instruct & teach the people cõmitted vnto their spirituall charge, that where as certaine men do imagine and affirme, that Christ shoulde gyue vnto the Bishop of Rome power and autoritie, not onlye to be head and gouernour of all Priestes and Bishopes in Christes Church, but also to haue & occupie the whoole Monarchie of the worlde in his handes, and that he may therby laufully depose Kynges and Princes from their realmes, dominions, and seignories, and so transferre and gyue the same to suche persones as hym lyketh: that is vtterly false and vntrue: For Christ neuer gaue vnto Sainct Peter, or vnto any of the Apostles, or their successours, any suche authoritie. And the Apostelles, S. Peter, and S. Paule, do teache and commaunde, that all christen people, as well Priestes and Bishops as others, shoulde be obedient and subiecte vnto the Princes and Potētates of the world, although they were infideles. And as for the Bishop Rome, it

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