Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1768 [1729]

Queene Mary. Restitution of Abbay landes by Queene Mary. The Popes Bull for the same.

Marginalia1555. March.complexion, and withal very soft in speech and gesture. Now he went and stretched vp him selfe, not onely bolt vpright, but also bare withall a most pleasant and comfortable countenaunce, not without great courage and audacitie both in spoeche and in behauiour. He had (of which thing I should haue spoken before) about hys head a kerchiefe. The heares of hys head (somewhat appearing beneath hys kerchiefe) and also of hys beard were more inclined to white then to gray: which gaue such a shew and countenance to his whole person that he seemed to be altogether angelicall.

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It is also sayd by thys reporter, that a litle before the fyre flashed vp to hys body (as ye haue heard) many of hys friends came to him, and tooke him by the hand amongst whom MarginaliaThe reporter of this story one M. DaNe.the reporter of this story held hym so long by the hand, tyll the flame of the fire rose, and forced them to sunder. In the meane tyme the priest (of whom I spake afore, cryed out, and sayd that it was not lawfull for any man to take him by the hand, because he was an hereticke, & cōdemned by the church. The chiefe cause of hys trouble was hys opinion touching the sacrament of the aultar. He was at the time of hys death, of the age of threescore yeare, or thereaboutes.

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¶ The Summe of the wordes spoken by Queene Mary to certayn of her Counsellours March. 28. an. 1555. touching the restitution of Abbay lands. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Restoration of Abbey Lands

There is nothing on the restoration of monastic lands nor on Pope Julius III nor on the spectacular death of Nightingale in the Rerum. The materials on Pope Julius III's death and a version of Nightingale's demise appear in the 1563 edition. The account of the plans to restore monastic property and of the woman of St Magnus were added in the 1570 edition. Details were also added in this edition to the account of Nightingale's death. There were no changes made to this material in subsequent editions.

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BEfore I passe ouer this month of March, I can not but leaue a litle memorandū of the wordes or consultation of Queene Mary vsed to certaine of the Coūsaile, the 28. day of the said moneth of March, touching the restoryng agayne of the Abbay landes. Who after she had called vnto her presence iiij. of her priuy Counsayle, the day & moneth aforesayd: the names of which Counsailours were these:

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Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
The Restoration of Abbey Lands and Other Events in Spring 1555

The main topics in this section are the queen's decision to restore the abbey lands she held, and the response to the death of Julius III. The glosses concerning the pope are far more ribald than those relating to Mary. Julius III's prodigious appetite is recounted, as are the blasphemies linked to his greed; the glosses underline this at various points, using the phrase ' a Porkishe Pope' to describe his affection for pork. The glosses relating to Mary are more restrained but revealing. The use of 'conscience' in the gloss 'The Q. taketh a conscience in keeping Abbay landes' does not contain the sense of unanswerability that its invocation by protestants appears to carry. The gloss 'Note the nature of the Papistes where they can ouercome, they are Lions: where they are ouermatched, they play the Foxes' attacks the catholics for not living up to their principles and delaying the enforcement of the return of land for fear of rousing the nobility. The contrast between these two glosses perhaps hints that the queen was not devious, but was zealous in her pursuit of papal interests.

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There are examples of mistakes in the editions after 1570: a 'no' is lost from the 1570 gloss 'Here lacked no good will in the Bishops, but time as yet did not serue them'; the gloss 'Note here what an holy Catholicke Church this is' is out of place in 1583, and a date given correctly in 1570 and 1576 ('Aprill. 10') is incorrect in 1583 ('Aprill. 20').

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MarginaliaThe names of the Counsellers called before Queene Mary.1. William Lord Marques of Winchester, high Treasurer of England.

2. Syr Robert Rochester Knight, the Queenes Controller.

3. Syr William Peter Knyght Secretary.

4. Syr Fraunces Inglefield Knyght, Maister of the Wardes: MarginaliaThe effect of Queene Maryes wordes touching Abbay landes to be restored.The sayd Queene Mary inferred these wordes: the principall effect and summe whereof here followeth. You are here of our Counsaill, and we haue willed you to be called vnto vs to the entent ye might heare of me my conscience, and the resolution of my minde concernyng the lands and possessions as well of Monasteries, as other Churches whatsoeuer, beyng now presently in my possession.

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First I do consider, that the sayd landes were taken away from the Churches aforesayd in tyme of schisme, and that by vnlawfull meanes, such as are cōtrary both to the law of God and of the Church. MarginaliaThe Queene taketh a conscience in keeping Abbay landes.For the which cause my conscience doth not suffer me to deteine thē: and therfore I here expresly refuse either to claime or to reteine the sayd landes for myne, but with all my hart, freely, and willyngly without all paction or condition, here and before God I do surrēder & relinquishe, the sayd landes and possessions or inheritaunces what soeuer, MarginaliaThe Queene surrēdreth from her selfe the possessiō of Abbay landes.and do renounce the same with this mynd and purpose, that order and disposition therof may be takē, as shall seeme best likyng to our most holy lord þe Pope, or els his Legate the Lord Cardinall, to the honour of God and wealth of this our Realme.

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And albeit you may obiect to me agayne, that consideryng the state of my kyngdome, the dignitie therof, and my crowne Imperiall can not be honorably mainteined & furnished without the possessiōs aforesaid: yet notwithstādyng I set more by the saluatiō of my soule, then by x. kyngdomes, and therfore the sayd possessiōs I vtterly refuse here to hold after that sorte and title, and giue most harty thankes to almighty God, which hath geuen me an husband lykewise mynded with no

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lesse good affection in this behalfe, then I am my selfe.

MarginaliaPromise for restitution of Abbay landes.Wherfore I charge & commaund, that my Chaūcellour (with whom I haue conferred my mynde in this matter before) and you iiij. to morow together do resorte to the most reuerend Lord Legate, and do signifie to him the premisses in my name, and giue your attendaunce vppon him for the more full declaration of the state of my kyngdome, and of the foresayd possessions accordyngly as you your selues do vnderstād the matter, and can informe him in the same.

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This Intimation beyng giuen by the Queene, first vnto the Counsellours, and then commyng to the Cardinals hād, he drawyng out a copy therof in Latin, sent the same to the Pope: which copie drawen into Latin and cōmyng afterward to my hand, I haue thus translated into English, as ye haue heard.

MarginaliaAmbassadours sent frō England to Rome. Februa. 19.Furthermore here by the way is to be vnderstand, that in the moneth before, which was February, and in the xix. day of the sayd moneth, the Byshop of Ely, with the Lord Mountacute, and vij. score horse, were sent as Ambassadours from the Kyng and Queene vnto Rome. For what cause in story it is not expressed, but by coniecture it may be well supposed to be for the same cause of Abbay landes, as by the sequele therof may probably appeare.

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For it was not long after, but the Pope did set forth in Print MarginaliaThe Popes bull for restitution of Abbay landes.a Bul for excommunication of all maner such persons, without exception, as kept any of the Church or Abbay landes: 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe appears to be refering to Julius III's bull Praeclara of 20 June 1555. Ifthis is the case, then he is being willfully inaccurate; Julius's bull actually renouncedecclesiastical claims to former English monastic lands. (See Knowles, III, p. 423).

by vertue of which Bull the Pope excommunicated as well all such as had any of the Church or Abbay landes, as also all such Princes, Byshops, noble men, Iustices of peace, and other in office, who had not, or dyd not forthwith put the same Bull in execution. Albeit this execution (God be thanked) yet to this day was neuer put in practise.

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Wherein agayne is to be obserued an other catholicke fetch, not vnworthy perchaunce of marking. For where this kynde of catholickes by rigour and force may ouermaister, they spare for no cost, but lay on load inough. This well appeared, and still doth appeare in burning the poore pacient Christians, whom because they see to be destitute of power and strength to resist them, and content wyth patience to receaue whatsoeuer is put vnto them, MarginaliaNote the nature of the Papistes where they can ouercome, they are Lions: where they are ouermatched, they play the Foxes.there they play the Lyons, and make no end of bnrning and persecuting. But where they spie them selues to be ouermatched, or feare to receaue a foyle in presuming to farre, there they keepe in, and can stay the execution of theyr lawes & Bulles be they neuer so Apostolicall, tyll they spye theyr tyme conuenient for their purpose, as in thys case is euident for all the world to see.

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For notwithstanding that the Popes Bull cōming downe wyth full authoritye for restitution of Abbey landes, MarginaliaHere lacked no good will in the Bishops, but time as yet dyd not serue them.dyd so thunder out most terrible excommunication, not onely against them which deteined any such landes, but also agaynst all other that dyd not see the Popes commaundement to bee executed, yet neyther Winchester, nor any of all the Popes Clergie would greatly styrre in that matter, perceauing the nobility to be to strong for them to match withall, and therefore were contented to let the case fall, or at least to stay for a tyme, whyle tyme might better serue them. Yea and moreouer vnder crafty pretense, MarginaliaFalse dissemblyng in the Popes Catholicke Church. that the nobilitie and men of landes at the first comming out of the Bull, should not bee exasperate to much agaynst them, they subtilly abused the Pulpits, & dissembled wyth the people,  

Commentary  *  Close

The material in the concluding passages of Foxe's story of the plans to restore monastic lands is taken from an anonymous contemporary polemical work, A Warning for England (Strausburg, 1555?). It is completely unreliable as a guide to Marian policy but it does reflect English protestant fears and conspiracy theories.

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affirming, that þe sayd Popes late Bull set forth in prynt for restitution of Abbey lands, was not ment for Englād, but for other forrein countreyes, where in very deede the meaning of that Bull was onely for England and no coūtrey els, as both by thys Intimation of Queene Mary here mentioned, and by many other cōiectures, and also by MarginaliaM. Fecknams ballet of Caueat Emptor.M. Fecknams Ballet 
Commentary  *  Close

I.e., a ballad.

of Caueat Emptor, may appeare.  
Commentary  *  Close

This work no longer exists. But it is cited as stating that Mary planned to restore the religious houses and return their former lands to them in A Warning for England (Strausburg, 1555?), sig. A7r. This was Foxe's source for this reference.

Whereby it is easy for all men

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to vnder-
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