Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
2071 [2032]

Quene Mary. Persecution in Cant. dioces. V. Martyrs. D. Cranmer Archb.

MarginaliaAn. 1556. Ianuary.would not be confessed of a Priest, and added moreouer, speaking vnto the Priestes: MarginaliaThe words of Anne Albright to the priestes.You Priestes (sayd she) are the children of perdition, and can doe no good by your confession. And lykewyse speaking vnto the Iudge and hys assistauntes, she tolde thē that they were subuerters of CHRISTES truth.

[Back to Top]

And as touchyng the sacrament of the aultar, MarginaliaAn. Albright denyeth the sacrament of the aultar.shee sayd it was a naughty and abominable idoll, and so vtterly denyed the same sacramēt. Thus persisting & perseuering in her former sayings and aunswers, MarginaliaCondemnation of Anne Albright. Ianuary 18.she was condemned the sayd. xviij. day of the sayd moneth, wtth the other aboue mencioned: with whom also she suffered quietly and wyth great comfort for the ryght of CHRISTES religion.

[Back to Top]
¶ Ioane Sole.

Ioane Sole, Martyr.
Ianuary 31.
IN like maner Ioane Sole, of the parishe of Horton, was condemned of the same Phariseis and Priests, MarginaliaCondemnation of Ioane Sole. Ianuary. 18. for not allowing confession auricular, and for denying the reall presence and substaunce of CHRIST to be in the sacrament of þe altar. Who after their Pharisaicall Sētence being promulgate, was brought by the Shiriffes to þe stake with þe other foure, & sustained the lyke Matrydome with thē through the assistance of Gods holy grace and spirite mightely working in her, to the glory of his name, and confirmation of hys truth.

[Back to Top]
¶ Ioane Catmer.

Ioane Catmer, Martyr.
Ianuary. 31.
THe fift and last of thys heauenly company of Martyrs was Ioane Catmer of þe parish of Hith, wyfe (as it should seeme) of George Catmer burned before pag. 1884. Who being asked what she said to cōfession made to a priest, denied to be cōfessed to any such priest. And moreouer the Iudge speaking of the sacrament of þe aultar, she said & affirmed that she beleued not in that Sacrament, as it was then vsed, for that it was made (sayd she) a very idoll. In thys her confession shee remayning and persisting, was by the lyke sentence cruelly of them condemned, and so suffered with the foresayd Thomas Lomas and the other three fellow Martyrs, ratifiyng and confessing wyth their bloud the true knowledge and doctrine of the glorious Gospell of CHRIST IESVS our Sauiour.

[Back to Top]
MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Ioh. Lomas, Agnes Snoth, Anne Albright, Ioane Sole, Ioane Catmer, at Canterbury. An. 1556. Ianuary. 31.¶ The burning of the foresayd man and foure women.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
This small illustration of a multiple burning (Type 1), accurate in its representation of the five burned at two stakes in one fire (perhaps in the act of singing psalms together) stereotyped though it may seem in the repeating imagery of the small cuts, could have been tailored to this event. And it was not reused.

These. v. persons were burnt at. 2. stakes and one fire together at Canterbury, as is before sayd. Who,

when the fire was flaming about their eares, did sing Psalmes. Whereat the good knight Syr Iohn Nortō being there present, wept byterly at the sight thereof. 

Commentary  *  Close

This detail was added in the 1570 edition and was undoubtedly sent to Foxe by an eyewitness to Catmer's death.

The Iudges and the other assistants which set vpō her and the other foure aboue mencioned, were MarginaliaPersecutours.Richard Faucet, Iohn Warren, Iohn Milles, Robert Collins, and Iohn Baker the Notary.

The life, state, and story of the Reuerend pastour and prelate Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Caunterbury, Martyr, burned at Oxford for the confession of Christes true doctrine vnder Quene Mary. An. 1556. March. 21. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer

There was a lengthy account of Cranmer's life, career and martyrdom in the Rerum (pp. 708-25). Most of this account came from a single informant whosenarrative of Cranmer's life and death survives in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 417, fos. 90r-94v; printed in Narratives of the Days of the Reformation, ed. John Gough Nichols, Camden Society, original series, [London: 1860], pp. 218-33). This account was sent to Foxe by Grindal while Foxe was compiling the Rerum during his exile (The Remains of Edmund Grindal, ed., W. Nicholson [Parker Society: 1843], p. 220). Foxe added two items to the Rerum account which were not in this narrative: additional praise of Edward VI, undoubtedly composed by Foxe himself (Rerum, pp. 712-13), and the account of Henry Sydall and Juan de Villagarcia persuading Cranmer to recant and of events up through Henry Cole's sermon at Cranmer's execution (Rerum, pp. 717-21).

[Back to Top]

In the 1563 edition, Foxe used the Rerum account of Cranmer as the basisfor his new account but he made some important additions to it. He provided a new narrative of Cranmer's trial, also adding Cranmer's letter to Mary denying any involvement in Northumberland's scheme to place Jane Grey on the throne, the papal commission to try Cranmer and the account of his degradation. All of this was based on documents related to Cranmer's trial. Foxe also obtained a newaccount, from an unknown source, of Cranmer's denial that he had celebrated mass at Canterbury. And Foxe also added material on Cranmer's execution written by a catholic eyewitness, known only by his initials 'J. A.'.

[Back to Top]

In the 1570 edition Foxe rewrote the account of Cranmer in order to accommodate new data contained in a life of the archbishop written by Ralph Morrice, Cranmer's secretary. (This life is printed in Narratives of the Days of Reformation, pp. 238-72). Material was also added from official records as Foxe had now consulted the transcript of Cranmer's trial and had obtained a copy of his appeal to a general council. Material was also dropped from this edition. Some of it, such as the old versions of Cranmer's role in Henry VIII's divorce, were dropped because Morrice's account superseded them. Others, such as Cranmer's letter to Mary, the papal commission authorizing the archbishop's trial, and the account of Cranmer's degradation, were dropped because of their length and the shortage of paper in the 1570 edition.

[Back to Top]

There was no change in the account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, Foxe re-inserted some of the material he had deleted from the 1570 edition: the papal commission authorizing Cranmer's trial and the archbishop's degradation.

MarginaliaMarch. 21.

AS concerning the lyfe and estate of that most reuerend father in God and worthy prelate of Godly memory Thomas Cranmer MarginaliaThomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury and Martyr. late Archbishop of Caunterbury, and of the originall cause and occasiō of his preferment vnto his Archiepiscopall dignity, who of many hath ben thought to haue procured þe same by frendship onely, & of some other esteemed vnworthy of so hygh a vocation: it is first therfore to be noted and considered that þe same Tho. Cranmer MarginaliaThomas Cranmer a gentleman borne. comming of an auncient parentage, from the conquest to be deducted, & continuing sithens in the name and family of a Gentleman, was borne in a Village called Arselacton in Notyngham shiere. Of whose said name and family there remayneth at these dayes one Manour and mansion house in Lincolne shiere called Cranmer Hall. &c. some tymes of heritage of the sayd stocke and family.  

Commentary  *  Close

This information about Cranmer Hall came from Ralph Morrice and it reflects Cranmer's desire to magnify, if not flatly exaggerate, the status of his family.

Who being from his infancie kept at schole, and brought vp not without much good ciuilitie, came in processe of tyme vnto the vniuersitie of Cambridge,  
Commentary  *  Close

Notice how Foxe replaced the specific information on the flaws in Cranmer's education, in the 1563 edition, with this bland formulation.

MarginaliaThomas Cranmer first comming to Cambrige. and there prospering in right good knowledge amongst the better sort of students, was chosen fellow of Iesus Colledge in Cambridge. MarginaliaThomas Cranmer fellow of Iesus colledge. And so being Maister of Arte, and fellow of the same Colledge, it chaunced hym to mary a Gentlemans Daughter: MarginaliaCranmer maried. by meanes whereof he lost and gaue ouer his fellowship there, & became the reader in Buckingham Colledge:  
Commentary  *  Close

See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 21-22 on this.

MarginaliaThomas Cranmer reader in Buckingham Colledge. and for that he would with more diligence apply that his office of reading, placed his sayd wyfe in an Inne called the dolphin in Cambridge, the wife of the house being of affinitie vnto her. By reason whereof and for that his oftē resort vnto hys wife in that Inne, he was much marked of some Popish marchauntes: wherupon rose the sclaunderous noise and report against him after he was preferred to the Archbishopricke of Canterbury raysed vp by the malicious disdayne of certain malignaunt aduersaries to CHRIST and his truth, bruting abroad euery where that he was but an hosteler, and therefore without all good learning.  
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is repeating Morrice in his indignation about these rumours. See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 169-70 on how widespread derogatory reports ofCranmer as an hosteler were.

Of whose malicious reportes, one of their practises in that behalf shall hereafter be declared as place and and tyme shall serue.

[Back to Top]

But in þe meane time to returne to þe matter present. Whilest this sayd M. Cranmer continued as reader in Buckinghā Colledge, his wife dyed in child bed. MarginaliaThomas Cranmer after the deceasse of his wife chosen fellow into Iesus colledge.After whose death, the Masters and fellowes of Iesus Colledge desirous agayne of their old companion, namely for his towardnes in learning, chose him agayn fellow of the same Colledge. Where he remayning at his study, became in few yeres after, the reader of þe Diuinity lecture in the same Colledge, MarginaliaThomas Cranmer made reader in Iesus colledge, and Doctour of diuinitie.and in such speciall estimation and reputation with the whole vniuersity, that being Doctour of Diuinity he was commonly appointed one of the heades (which are two or three of the chiefest learned men) to examine such as yearely professe in Cōmencement, eyther Bachelers, or Doctours of Diuinity, by whose approbation þe whole vniuersity

[Back to Top]
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield