Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2156 [2117]

Queene Mary. A Letter of Careles. The story of 3. Martyrs burnt in Newbery. Iulius Palmer.

Marginalia1556. Iuly.haue pacified hym and made hym mery agayne.

If at any tyme he shall chaunce to blame you without a cause, or for that you can not do therwith (which thyng happeneth sometymes of the best men liuyng) see that you beare it paciētly, and giue him no vncomely or vnkind word for it: but euermore looke vpon hym with a louyng and cherefull countenannce, and rather take the fault vpon you, then seeme to be displeased.

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MarginaliaA cheerefull coūtenaunce.Be alwayes mery & cherefull in his company, but not with to much lightnes. Beware in any wise of swelling, powtyng, or lowryng, for that is a token of a cruell and vnlouyng hart: except it be in respect of sinne, or in the tyme of sicknes.

Be not sorrowfull for any aduersitie that God sendeth: but beware that nothyng be spilt or go to wast through your negligence. In any wise see that you be quicke and cleanely about his meate and drinke, and prepare hym the same accordyng to hys diet in due season. MarginaliaTemperaunce in apparell.Go cleanely and welfauouredly in your apparel, but beware of pride in any wise.

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Finally in word and deede shew your selfe wise, humble, mery, and louing towardes hym, and also towardes such as hee doth loue, and then shall you lead a blessed lyfe. I could speake of many other thynges, the which I haue learned and proued true by experiēce: but I know þt you will do in all thyngs much better then I cā teach you, because you haue that anoynting that teacheth you all thynges: who hath also giuen you an hart to obey and serue hym. Yet I trust you will not be offended for this which I haue written: but rather accept my good will towardes you, whom I loue in the Lord as well as I do my daughter Iudith.

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Thus as myne owne soule, I commende you both to God, desiryng hym to blesse you with all maner of spirituall blessynges in heauenly thynges, and also with the dewe of heauen and fatnes of the earth, that in all things you may be made rich in IESVS CHRIST our Lord and onely Sauiour. The Lord encrease and blesse the fruite of your bodyes that your children may stand round about your table, thicke, fresh, and lusty like the Olyue braunches. God gyue you both a long lyfe, that you may see and blesse your childrens children vnto the thyrd and fourth generatiō, and teach them the true feare and loue of God, and that fayth for the which they shall be accepted in his sight.

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God let you see the prosperitie of Syon, for whose lying in the dust, let your hartes mourne. The Lord make perfect your loue together in hym, and alwayes encrease the same, and bryng you both in peace to your graues at a good age. MarginaliaNote that both these departed in quiet peace, the one 1565, the other 1568. And now I byd you both most hartely farewell: and I thinke I shall now take my leaue of you for euer in this life. I besech you both to ayde me with your continuall prayers (as I will not forget you in myne) þt I may haue a ioyfull victory through IESVS CHRIST: To whose most mercifull defence I doe most hartely for euer commēde you to be kept vnblameable vntill his commyng: the which I besech him to hasten for his mercyes sake.

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Your owne vnfaynedly Iohn
Careles, prisoner of the Lord.

¶ Here endeth the letters of Iohn Careles.

The Historie and Martyrdome of a learned and vertuous younge man called Iulius Palmer, sometyme fellowe of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, with two other Martyrs, to wytte, Iohn Gwyn, and Thomas Askine, burned together in Newbery, at a place there called the sand pyttes. 
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Julins Palmer

Foxe gives an account of Palmer's background, his career as a catholic at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign, Bullingham's description of his conversion to protestantism during Mary's reign (Palmer was the opposite of the vicar of Bray), his departure from Magdalen in Mary's reign and a relatively brief account of his arrest and execution. Foxe relied on personal informants for this information, possibly his relatives in Coventry - his wife's family came from the city - and certainly members of Magdalen College. The most important of these was John Bullingham, whose letter recounting Palmer'sprotestant zeal, was printed in this edition.

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In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a long description of Palmer's character and habits. He also added much more detail about Palmer's time at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign and his expulsion for libelling Walter Haddon, the president of the college. Foxe also added much greater detail about Palmer's conversion to protestantism and his leaving Magdalen in Mary's reign. Further material was added on Palmer's becoming master of the grammar school at Reading, the search of his study there, instigated by rivals in Reading, and the discovery of verses denouncing Stephen Gardiner. Additionally the account was inserted of Palmer's flight from Reading, his mother's refusal to aid him, Palmer's return to Reading and his arrest, trial and execution. Once again, all of this additional material came from oral sources: definitely Thomas Parry and John Moyer, who not only seem to have contributed their own reminiscences, but also to have organized the gathering and sending of information to Foxe. The Bullingham letter was dropped from this edition, but Latin verses in praise of Palmer were added.

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No changes were made to this account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, the Bullingham letter was restored to the account. Material supplied by Moyer and Parry had attacked one Thomas Thackham as being partly responsible for Palmer's death; Thackham's defence was added to this edition, as was Moyer's rebuttal of it. Also added to this edition was an exchange Palmer was said to have had with Barwick, a fellow of Magdalen College, about martyrdom

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Strikingly, the account of Palmer did not make use of a single official document and it was not based on any of the martyr's own writings; it came entirely from information supplied by individual informants.

MarginaliaIuly. 16. MarginaliaIulius Palmer, Iohn Gwyn, Thomas Askine, Martyrs.THe same moneth of Iuly, in which Careles, as before is declared, was released out of prisō by death, in short time after, about þe 16. day of þe said moneth of Iuly, suffered these iij. godly and constāt Martyrs aboue mētioned, at Newbery, in which nomber was Iulius Palmer, somtime student & felow of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, and afterwardes Scholemaster in the towne of Readyng. Concerning whose story and Martyrdome, here foloweth, although not so much as he deserueth to be sayd: yet so much as sufficiently may set forth the great working of God in thys younge man.

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¶ Iulius Palmer.

MarginaliaThe story of the godly Martyr Iulius Palmer, fellowe sometime of Magdalen Colledge in Oxford.AS all Gods workes are wonderous, in callyng of all sortes of men to confirme his truth, & to beare witnes vnto his assured, and infallible word, which the aduersaries haue depraued and corrupted, with their false gloses, to establish the fleshly kyngdome of Antichrist, and to purchase sercuritie in the world, whiche they seeke to keepe in their possession,by al meanes possible, rather cursing with the thunderbolt of excommunication, burning, hangyng, drownyng, racking, scourging, and persecutyng by secret practise and open violence, the simple sheepe of our Sauiour CHRIST, then that their false forged packyng should be detected, their estimation appayred, their kitchin cooled, their rentes, reuenues, goodes, landes, and possessions abated: I say as Gods workes be wonderfull, which chooseth some of all sortes to confesse his Gospell: so there is no one example in the whole godly felowship of Martyrs more to be marked, yea more to be wondered at, then this: that one which in all kyng Edwardes dayes was a papist within the Vniuersitie of Oxford, and so obstinate, as that he did vtterly abhorre all godly prayer, and sincere preachyng, and almost of all them with whom he liued, was therfore likewise abhorred, and (as I may say) pointed at with the finger: did yet after in Queene Maries time suffer most cruell death at the Papistes handes, at Newbery in Barkshyre, for the most ready and zelous profession of the blessed truth.

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His name was Iulius Palmer, MarginaliaIulius Palmer borne in Couentrie. borne in Couentrie, where also his parentes dwelt. His father had some time bene Maior of that Citie, and occupied marchandise, albeit he was an Vpholster by his mistery.  

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Roger Palmer, the father of Julins Palmer, had become a successful merchant although he had started out in the trade ('mystery') of being an upholsterer.

How he was brought vp in his yoūg tender yeares, from his first entryng, we know not but as we haue learned, MarginaliaIulius Palmer scholer to M. Harley scholemaster of Magdalen Colledge.he was sometime scholer to M. Harley, which taught the free schole of Magdalen Colledge in Oxford, by whose diligēce, & the goodnes of his own capacitie, he became a toward young scholer in Prose & Verse. For he had a very prompt and ready memory, a wit sharpe & pregnant, he spake Latine with great facilitie of vtterance, and wanted not competent knowledge in the Greeke toung, in so much that diuers tymes, he supplied the Rome of a Greeke reader in his house. He was a subtile disputer both in the publicke scholes, and also at home. He vsed to say, MarginaliaIul. Palmer addicted to Philosophie.that he was neuer so pleasantly occupyed, as whē he came to the hard debatyng of profoūd questions in Philosophie: in so much that he hath oftentymes watched, and spent the whole night in the discussyng and searching out the truth of deepe and diffuse questiōs, as De principijs, de infinito, de vacuo, de tempore, de casu & fortuna. &c. 
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Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

De principiis, de infinito, de vacuo, de tempore, de casu & fortuna. &c.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

On principles, on infinity, on space, on time, on accident and fortune. etc.

And this vsed he sondry tymes all the night long to do with diuers of his equalls.

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In familiar talke he greatly delited, for the exercise of his learnyng) to defend the contrary to that whiche was affirmed, yet with modestie, and without al ostentation. For he greatly abhorred all ouerthwart cauillyng, all friuolous talke, and vnsauery brabblyng, hee was not captious, but would reason so soberly and with such probabilitie, that euē his aduersaries would no lesse maruell at the dexteritie of his inuention, then at hys comely and decent behauiour in prosecutyng the same.

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MarginaliaIul. Palmer beginneth to applie Diuinitie.And although he applyed Diuinitie very lately, yet it appeareth, that he recompensed the small time of his study with the greatnes of diligence bestowed in the same, and his late commyng to the truth, with his earnest and zelous proceedyng therin. For by the secret inspiration of Gods spirite inwardly workyng in hys hart, he gaue an apparant signification in hys young yeares, that if God had spared his life to age, he would haue growen to such maturitie and rypenes of iudgement, as wherby he should haue bene an ornament to CHRISTES Church, and an honour to his countrey.

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And somwhat to speake of his ciuill behauiour, he

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