Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
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2186 [2146]

Quene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Proceße against M. Bucer and Phagius.

MarginaliaAn. 1557. Ianuary.ded vnto them (as far as they knew) they examined first the master himselfe, and afterward all the residue, euery man in his turne. MarginaliaThe oth refused of some in the Kinges Colledge, and why.But there were some that refused to take this othe, both because they had geuē their faith to the colledge before, and also because they thought it against all right and reason, to sweare agaynst themselues: for it was contrary to all law that a man should be compelled to bewray himselfe, and not to be suffred to kepe his conscience free, when there is no manifest proofe to be laid to hys charge: but much more vniust is it, that a man should be constrained perforce to accuse himselfe. Neuertheles these persons also, after much altercation, at length (conditionally, that their fayth geuen before to the colledge, were not impeched therby) were contented to be sworne.

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Three dayes long lasted the Inquisition there. This was now the third day of their commyng, and it was thought that the case of Bucer and Phagius was delaid longer then neded. For they looked to haue had much altercation and busines about the matter. MarginaliaThe consultation of þe Maisters vpon the takyng vp of M. Bucer.Now, forasmuch as the present state of the case required good deliberation and aduisement, the Vicechauncelor and the Maisters of the Colledges assembled at the common scholes, were euery man gaue hys verdite what he thought mete to be done in this matter of Bucer. After much debatyng, they agreed altogether in this determination: that forasmuch as Martin Bucer whiles he liued, had not onely sowed pernicious and erroneous doctrine among them, but also had himself bene a sectary & famous hereticke erring frō the catholike church, and geuing others occasion to fall from the same likewyse: a supplication should be made to the lord Commissioners, in the name of the whole vniuersitie, that his dead carkas might forthwith be digged vp (for so it was nedefull to be done) MarginaliaInquisition to be made of Mart. Bucers the intent that inquisition might be made as touchyng hys doctrine, the which being brought in examination, if it were not found to be good and wholesome, the law myght proceede agaynst hym: MarginaliaMart. Bucers buriall agaynst the holy Canon lawes.for it was agaynst the rule of the holy Canons, that hys body should be buried in christen buriall. Yea, and besides that it was to the open derogation of gods honour, and the violating of hys holy lawes, wyth the great perill of many mens soules, and the offence of the faythfull, especially in so difficult and contagious a tyme as that was. MarginaliaCauses why Mart. Bucer and Paulus Phagius bodyes ought to be takē vp.Wherfore it was not to be suffered, that they, which vtterly dissented from all other men in the trade of their liuyng, lawes, and customes, should haue any part with them in honour of burial. And therfore the glory of God fyrst and before all thinges ought to be defended, the infamie (which through thys thyng riseth on thē) with all speede put away, no roume at all left vnto those persons to rest in, who euen in the same places where they lay, were iniurious and noysome to the very elementes, but the place ought to be purged, and all thinges so ordered as might be to the satisfying of the consciences of the weake. In executing wherof, so notable an example ought to be geuen to all men, that no man hereafter shoulde be so bolde to attempt the like.

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They gaue the same verdicte by common assent vpon Phagius also. Vnto this writing they annexed an other, MarginaliaAndr. Perne Vicechauncellour, made factor for the Vniuersitie in the case of M. Bucer & the which they lawfully authorised Andrew Perne the Vicechauncelor, to be the common factor for the vniuersity. He was a man meetest for the purpose, both for the office that he bare, MarginaliaM. Christophersons testimony of Perne.& also because that by the testimony of Christopherson he was demed to be most catholicke of all others. 

Commentary  *  Close

This hostile description of Andrew Perne comes from the Historia vera andfrom Golding's Briefe treatise (sig. D4r); Foxe was merely repeating it. However, it is interesting that while Foxe concealed the identities of other prominent peopleinvolved in the exhumation of Bucer and Phagius's bodies, he made few attempts to protect Perne's reputation. One reason for this may have been Perne's continuing and barely disquised loyalty to catholicism. It also true that Edmund Grindal - and possibly Foxe himself - bitterly resented Perne's role in the posthumous degradation of Bucer. (See Patrick Collinson, 'Perne the Turncoat: An Elizabethan Reputation' in Elizabethan Essays [London: 1994], pp. 190-91).

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MarginaliaA Supplication put vp to the Inquisitors by the Vniuersitie.This supplicatiō confirmed by the consent of all the degrees of the vniuersity, and signed with their common seale, the next day, which was the xiij. of Ianuary, the Vicechauncelour put vp to the Commissioners. MarginaliaNote thys feate of conueyance.Note here good Reader, what a feate conueyaunce this was, to suborne the vniuersitie vnder a colourable pretense to desire this thyng of them by way of peticion. As who should say, if they had not done so, the other would neuer haue gone about it of

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But this glose was soone found out. For the Commissioners had geuen the vicechauncelor instructions in writyng before. But peraduenture they thought by this meanes to remoue the enuy of this acte from them selues.

Thus the vicechauncelour came vnto the Commissioners according to appointment made þe day before, about vij. of the clocke in the morning. He had scarce declared the cause of his commyng, but that he had not onely obteyned his sute, but also euen at the very same tyme receiued the sentence of condemnation, for taking vp Bucer and Phagius, MarginaliaThe Sentence of cōdemnation agaynst Martin Bucer, and Paulus Phagius, copied out by the Datary.faire copied out by Ormanet Datary himselfe. This was to be confirmed by the consent of the degrees of the vniuersitie. Wherupon a solmne conuocation called congregatio regentium & non regētium 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

congregatio regentium & non regentium

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

a gathering of rulers and non rulers

for the same purpose was appointed to be at ix. of the clocke: where the graduates being assembled together, the demaund was propounded concernyng the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius, and the grace asked, which was this: MarginaliaGrace asked in the congregatiō for þe taking vp of M. Bucer.Pleaseth it you that M. Bucer for the heresies now recited, and many other by him written, preached, and taught, wherein he dyed without repentaunce, and was buried in christen buriall, may be exhumate and taken vp agayne, &c. After this grace eftsoones beyng graunted, then was the sentence of condemnation drawen by the Datary, openly red, and immediatly an other grace asked, that the same might be signed with the cōmon seale. The which request was very lightly and easily obteyned. And it was no meruayle. For now after the death of king Edward, since the tyme that the gouernement of þe realme came to the hand of Queene Mary, all such persons beyng driuen away as had reiected the Romishe religion (in whom well nye alone y rested whatsoeuer wit and learning was in þe whole vniuersity besides) such a sort of raskalls were put in their roumes, þt all places now swarmed wt vnlearned & vnnurtured Chapleins. To whom nothing was greater pleasure, then to cause all men to speake sclaunder and reproch of Bucer. There were diuers yet lefte among them, that spake agaynst their demaundes. But they (because, as it commonly commeth to passe, that might ouercōmeth right) could nothing auaile. For this is a common custome in all such matters and ordinances, that looke what the greater number decreeth, is published in the name of all: & that which þe better part disalloweth, semeth as though no man at all disallowed it.

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MarginaliaIanuary. 14.The next day beyng the 14. of Ianuary, 

Commentary  *  Close

This account of the celebrations at King's College on 14 January was added in 1570 and probably came from official accounts of the visitation. Foxe may havedecided to include this material in an effort to highlight the ceremonial of the catholics and implicitly criticise those who sought to retain 'popish' ceremonies and vestments in the Elizabethan church.

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all the visitors (onely Christopherson elect of Chichester excepted) came to the kynges colledge. Where first goyng in to the church, & there making their prayers at the gresinges, they so proceded into the stalles, there sitting all the masse tyme, the company standing in their copes, and singing a solemne responde in honour of the visitors. After the respond done, þe Prouost in the best cope made to them his protestation, vnto whom the bishop of Chester made aunswer also in latine, declaring that he could not perceaue to what purpose hys protestatiō was, notwithstanding they would accept it and beare with hym. Then went they to masse: which ended, the catholike visitors approched vp to the altar, and tooke down the sacrament, and searched the pixe, but first the two bishops sensed the sacrament. Then they went to the reuestry, and opened the chalices, corporas cases, and crismatory, and vewed all those thinges. And so returning into the Prouostes chāber, deuided thēselues in examination of the Prouost, Viceprouost, & the rest of the company. The same day D. Bacon maister of Gonwell hall, bad the Vicechauncelour, D. Yong, D. Haruy, Swineborne, Maptide with others, home to diner. MarginaliaThe Sentence is signed with the common seale of the Vniuersitie.These men immdiately after dinner, caused the common seale of the vniuersitie to be put to the foresaid instrument of condemnation, accordyng as was determined the day before by the generall consent of

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