Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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2205 [2165]

Queene Mary. Persecution in Kent. Edmund Alen and his wife. His examination.

Marginalia1557. Iune.rant, and one King in S. Georges field, about the latter end of May.

Seuen Godly Martyrs, fiue women and two men, burned at Maydstone for the worde of truth, and professing of sincere Religion of Christ. 
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Edmund Allin and Other Kentish Martyrs

In the 1563 edition, Foxe simply had the names of the martyrs, the date of their executions and he had apparently seen the records of their trial in the consistory court of Canterbury. (Their condemnation remains among Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 590, fos. 78v-79r). In 1570, Foxe added an account of Allin's return from exile in Calais, his execution and then, in a flashback, Foxe described Allin's earlier arrest. (As Foxe notes, his informants for this were Richard Fletcher and John Webbe). Foxe also had copy of Allin's informal examination by Sir John Baker, which he printed in this edition. And, in the same edition, he printed an account which he obtained from Roger Hall, the brother of the martyr Alice Benden, of Edmund Allin's escape from Baker and his flight overseas (see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Notes on a Source for John Foxe's Account of the Marian Persecution in Kent and Sussex' Historical Journal 67 (1994), pp. 203-11). This last account was deleted, probably accidentally, from the 1583 edition; otherwise the narrative of these martyrs remained unchanged.

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MarginaliaIune. 18.I Shewed a litle before, how after þe vnmercifull proclamation was sent and set foorth by the King and Queene, in the moneth of February last, the storme of persecution began in all places to rise (whereof some part also is declared before): but yet in no place more then in þe countrey and dioces of Canterbury, by reason of certaine the aforesayd Inquisitours, being now armed with authority, but especially by reason of Richard Thornton suffragan of Douer, MarginaliaRichard Thornton, Nicholas Harpsfield, persecutors. and þe Archdeacon of Canterbury, who of theyr own nature were so furious and fiery agaynst the harmeles flocke of Christ, that there was no neede of any proclamation to styrre vp þe coales of theyr burning crueltie: by reason whereof many a Godly sainct lyeth slayne vnder the altar: as in diuers places of thys booke well may appeare. And now to returne to the sayd dioces of Canterbury agayne, in the next moneth following,  

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I.e., the month following the execution of Gratwick - June, 1557.

being þe moneth of Iune, the xviij. day of the same were vij. christian and true faythfull Martyrs of Christ burned at Maidstone, whose names here folow.

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MarginaliaThe names of the Martyrs.Ioane Bradbridge 

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'Bradbridge's widow', also of Staplehurst, was burned at Canterbury the day after Joan Bradbridge was burned at Maidstone; presumably they were relatives. For an account of Bradbridge's death which Foxe did not print see Freeman, 'Notes on a Source', pp. 203-11).

of Stapleherst.
Walter Apelbye of Maydstone.
Petronill hys wife.
Fdmund Alen of Frytenden.
Katherine his wife.
Ioane Mannynges wife, of Maydstone.
Elizabeth a blynd mayden.

As concerning the generall articles commonly obiected to them in the public consistory, and the order of theyr condemnation, it differeth not much frō the vsuall maner expressed before, Pag. 1852. neyther did theyr aunsweres in effect much differ from the other that suffred vnder the same Ordinary in the foresayd dioces of Canterbury.

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Now as touching theyr accusers, and maner of apprehension, and theyr priuate conflictes with the aduersaries, I finde no great matter comming to my hands, saue onely of Edmund Alen some intimation is geuen me, how hys troubles came, what was his cause and aunsweres before the Iustices, as here consequently ye shall vnderstand.

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¶ The examination of Edmund Alen.

MarginaliaThe story of Edmund Alen, with hys trouble & examination before Syr Iohn Baker.THis Allen was a Milner of the parish of Frytenden in Kent, and in a deare yeare, when as many poore people were like to starue, he fed them, and solde his corne better chepe by halfe then others did: and did not that onely, but also fed them wyth the foode of life, reading to them the scriptures and interpreting them.

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This beyng knowne to the popishe priestes there aboutes dwelling, by the procurement of them, namely of Iohn Taylour Parson of Fritenden, and Tho. Henden Parson of Stapleherst, he was eftsones complayned of to the Iustices, and brought before Syr Ioh. Baker knight, who first sending for them, committed both him & his wife to ward: but not lōg after they were let out, I know not how, and so went ouer vnto Calyce. MarginaliaEdmund Alen went to Calice. Where after þt he had cōtinued a certaine space, he began to be troubled in consciēce, and there metyng with one Iohn Webbe of the same Parishe of Fritenden, (who was likewise fled from the tyranny of Syr Iohn Baker, and Parson Taylour) sayd vnto hym, that hee could not be quyet there, what soeuer the cause was: for God (said he) had some thing to do for hym in England, & thus shortly he returned home again to the Pa-

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rish of Fritenden. MarginaliaEdm. Alen returneth agayne from Calice, and is apprehend. Where was a cruell Priest, there Parson, called Iohn Taylour.

MarginaliaParson Taylor & his brother Sextan, two bloudy persecutors.This Parson Taylour beyng informed by his brother Sextan, that Edmund Alen the Milner and hys wife, were returned, and were not at Masse time in the Church: as he was the same tyme in the myddest of his Masse, vpon a Sonday, a litle before the eleuation (as they terme it) euen almost at the liftyng vp of his Romish God, he turned him to the people in the Church in great rage, and commaunded them, with all speede, to go vnto their house, and apprehende them, and he would come to thē with as much hast as might be possible. Which promise he well performed. For he had not so soone made an end of Ite missa est 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative.
Foxe text Latin

Ite missa est.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

Go, this is the dismissal

[This is sung by the priest celebrating the Mass,

, MarginaliaMarke what a holy Masse saying was here, and what a charitable religion is thys. and the vestimentes of his backe, but by and by he was at the house, and there laying hand of the sayd Alen, caused hym agayne to be brought to Syr Iohn Baker, with a greuous complaint of his exhortyng and readyng the Scriptures to the people, and so was he and his wyfe sent to Maydstone prisō. MarginaliaWitnesses to the story.Witnessed by Rich. Fletcher Vicare of Crambroke, 
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For the background on Fletcher and a discussion of his reasons for providing Foxe with this account see Patrick Collinson, 'Cranbrook and the Fletchers: Popular and Unpopular Religion in the Kentish Weald' in Godly People: Essays on English Protestantism and Puritanism (London: 1983), pp. 399-428.

and Ioh. Webbe of Fritenden.

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They were not so soone in prison, but M. Baker immediatly sent vnto their house, certayne of hys men, MarginaliaIohn. Doue, Tho. Best, Tho. Linsey, Perciuall Barbell, persecutors.Iohn Doue, Thomas Best, Thomas Linley, Perciuall Barbell, with þe foresayd Iohn Taylour Parson of Fritenden, & Thomas Henden Parson of Stapleherst, to take an inuentory of all þe goods that were in the house. Where they found in þe bedstraw a casket locked with a padlocke, and so cutting the wiste thereof, opened it, and found therein a sackcloth bagge of money conteynyng the summe of xiij. or xiiij. pound, partly in golde, and partly in siluer. Which money after they had tolde and put in the bagge agayne, like good caruers for themselues, they caryed away wyth them. Besides also they found there certayne bookes, as Psalters, Bibles, and other writings. Al which bookes, wyth the money, were deliuered to þe foresayd priest MarginaliaTho. Henden priest, persecutor.Tho. Henden, parson of Stapleherst, & after in þe raigne of this Queene, an. 5. Reg. Elisab. was by right law recouered frō hym agayne, as in records remayneth to be seene.

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Thus good Edmund Allen and his wife, beyng maliciously accused, wrongfully imprisoned, and cruelly spoyled and robbed of all their goodes, were brought (as is aforesayd) before Syr Iohn Baker the iustice, to be examined: who taunting and reuiling him without al mercy and pity, asked him if those were the fruits uf his Gospell, to haue conuenticles to gather people together, to make conspiracies, to sow sedition and rebellion: and thus he began with him to reason.

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The talke or reasoning betwene Syr Ioh. Baker, Colins hys chaplayne, and Edmund Allen.

MarginaliaThe examination of Edm. Alen before Syr Ioh. Baker.BAker. Who gaue thee authority to preach and interpret? Art thou a priest? art thou admitted thereunto? Let me see thy licence.

Martin Collins, Syr Ioh. Bakers scholemaister said, surely he is an arrant hereticke & worthy to be burned.

Allen. And it may please your honour to geue me leaue to aunswere in the cause of my fayth, MarginaliaPriuate reading or expoūding of the Scriptures forbidden to no man.I am perswaded that God hath geuen me thys authority as he hath geuen to all other Christians. Why are we called Christians if we do not folow Christ, if we do not read hys law, if we do not interprete it to others that haue not so much vnderstandyng? Is not Christ our father? shall not the sonne follow the fathers steppes? is not Christ our maister? and shall the scholer be inhibited to learne and preach his preceptes? Is not Christ our redemer? and shal not we prayse his name, and serue him that hath redemed vs from sinne and damnation? MarginaliaLuke. 4.Did not Christ beyng but 12 yeares of age dispute with the Doctours and interprete the Prophet Esay, and notwithstāding he was neyther of the tribe of Leuy which were priestes, but of the ryall tribe of Iuda, neyther had taked any outward priesthode? wherefore if we be Christians, we must do the same.

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