Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
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2265 [2225]

Queene Mary. Richard Gibson. Iohn Rough, Margaret Mearing, Martyrs.

Marginalia1557. Nouemb. Decemb.may be knowne, seyng it is written that Sathan can chaūge him self into the similitude of an Aungel of light, and his ministers fashion them selues as though they were the ministers of righteousnes, and how it may be knowen to hym that is desirous therof, when he is one of that number or in the daunger therof, or when he is otherwise.

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Marginalia7.What the Beast is, the which maketh warre with the Saintes of God, and doth not onely kill them, but also will suffer none to bye nor sell, but such as worshyp his image, or receiue his marke in their right handes, or in their foreheades, his name or the number of his name, or do worship his image: which by the iust and terrible sentence of God already decreed, shalbe punished in fire and brimstone before the holy Angels and before the lambe: and they shall haue no rest day nor night, but the smoke of their torment shall ascend vp for euermore: Also what the gorgeous and glittryng whore is, the which sitteth vpon the Beast with a cup of gold in her hand, ful of abminations, with whom the kynges of the earth haue cōmitted fornication, and the inhabitours of the earth and she her selfe also is dronken with the bloud of Saintes, which is the wine of her fornication, whose flesh the hornes of the beast shall teare in peeces, and burne her with fire. For God hath put in their harts to do his will.

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Marginalia8.Whether a kyng ouer all those people which are borne and inhabite within his owne dominions, regions, and countreys, or any part of them, of what dignitie, estate, or callyng by office soeuer they be, here vpon this earth immediately vnder Christ, by the holy ordinaunce of God, is lawful, supreme and chief gouernour or no: And whether a kyng ouer all those people within his dominions, regions, and countreys, and euery part of them, by the holy ordinance of God, lawfully may, and ought not otherwise to do, not suffer otherwise to be done, then in his owne name, power, and authoritie (the name of God onely except) as lawfull, supreme, and chief head in all thinges that belongeth to rule (without exception) to gouerne and rule: And whether all those people of what dignitie, estate or callyng soeuer they be, are bound by the holy ordinaunce of God, to owe their whole obedience and seruice in all thinges without exception (their duety to God onely excepted) to their kyng onely, as to their supreme and chiefe gouernour vppon earth immediately vnder Christ: And whether a kyng without offence against God and his people, may geue away, and not him selfe vse that his authoritie and power geuē him of God, or lawfully may without offence to God and his people (after knowledge therof had) suffer him selfe by fraud or guile, or by any other vnlawfull meane, to be begiled, defrauded, and spoyled therof: and whether any subiect, of what dignitie, estate, or callyng so euer he or they be, without offence to God and to his kyng, to the minishyng or derogatyng of the supreme prerogatiue royall of his kyng, or of any part therof, may do ought, or after knowledge thereof had without offence to God and to his kyng, may conceale the same.

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Marginalia9.Whether the holy written law of God be geuen of God vnto all men, of what dignity, estate, or calling by office soeuer they be, aswell thereby to gouerne all theyr Dominions, Regions, and countreys, and theyr people therein inhabiting, as themselues: MarginaliaHe meaneth the Canon lawe.and whether any law or lawes (the holy law of God onely excepted) not being made within any Dominion, Region, or countrey where as it or they be vsed, may be lawfully vsed before it or they be, as the lawfull law or lawes of the same dominion, Region, or countrey, by publicke and common order of the same Dominion, Region or countrey lawfully allowed: and whether any Subiect, without offence agaynst God and hys kyng, wythin the Dominion of hys kyng, may lawfully vse any such law or lawes not so allowed.

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MarginaliaPsal. 39.¶ Ascribe vnto the Lord, O ye mighty, ascribe vnto the Lord, worship and strength: geue the Lord the honour of his name, and bow your selues to the holy maiesty of the Lord.

MarginaliaPsal. 84.I will harken what the Lord God will say: for he shall speake peace vnto his people, that they turne not them selues vnto folishnes. This vj. of Aprill. 1557.

By me Richard Gibson.

The death and Martyrdome of Iohn Rowgh Minister, and Margaret Mearing, burned at London the xxij. of December. 
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John Rough and Margaret Mearing

Most of the account of John Rough first appeared in the 1563 edition; it was based partly on official documents (the articles against Rough) but mostly on Rough's writings and on material from individual informants. In 1570, an anecdote about Rough and Thomas Watson was added and in the 1583 edition, a letter from Rough to the underground London congregation was added. The account of Margaret Mearing was printed in its entirety in the 1563 edition; it was unchanged in subsequent editions. This account consisted of her answers to the articles against her, drawn from official records, and of information sent to Foxe by individual informants.

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MarginaliaDecēb. 22. MarginaliaIohn Rough, Margaret Mearing, Martyrs.IN thys furious tyme of persecution, were also burned these two constant and faythfull Martyrs of Christ, Iohn Rough a Minister, and Margaret Mearing.

This Rough was borne in Scotland, who (as him selfe confesseth in his aunswers to Boners articles) because some of his kinsfolke would haue kept him from his right of inheritaunce which he had to certayne landes, did at the age of xvij. yeares, in despite (and the rather to displease his frendes) MarginaliaA zealous occasion of a Frierly profession.professe him selfe into the order of the blacke Friers at Sterling in Scotlād: where he remayned the space of xvj. yeares, vntill such tyme as the Lord Hamulton, Earle of Arren, and gouernonr of the Realme of Scotland aforesayd (casting a fauour vnto him) did sue vnto the Archbyshop of S. Andrewes, to haue hym out of his professed order, that as a secular Priest he myght serue hym for his Chaplaine. At which request the Archbishop caused the Prouinciall of that house, hauing thereto authority, to dispence with hym for his habite and order.

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This sute being thus by the Earle obtained, the sayd Rough remained in his seruice one whole yeare: MarginaliaIohn Rough first called to the truth.during which tyme it pleased God to opē his eyes, and to geue him some knowledge of hys truth, and thereupon was by the sayd gouernour sent to preach in the fredome of Ayre, where he cōtinued foure yeares, and then after the death of the Cardinall of Scotland, he was appointed to abide at S. Andrewes, and there had assigned vnto him a yearely pension of xx. pound from king Henry the eight, king of England. Howbeit, at last waying with him selfe his owne daunger, and also abhorring the idolatry and superstition of his countrey, and hearing of the fredome of the Gospell wythin this Realme of England, he determined with hym selfe not to tary any longer there: And therefore soone after the battaile of Musclebourowgh, MarginaliaIohn Rough first cōming to England in K. Edwardes tyme.he came first vnto Carliel, and from thence vnto the Duke of Somerset, then Lord Protector of England, and by hys assignement had appointed vnto hym out of the kinges treasury xx. poundes of yearely stipend, and was sent (as a preacher) to serue at Carliel, Barwicke, and Newcastell. From whence (after he had there, according to the lawes of God, and also of this Realme, takē a countrey woman to his wife) he was called by the Archbishop of Yorke that then was, vnto a benefice nigh in the towne of Hull: where he continued vntill the death of that blessed and good king Edward. vj.

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But in the beginning of the reigne of Queene Mary (perceauing the alteration of Religion, and the persecution that would thereupon arise, and feeling hys owne weaknes) MarginaliaIohn Rough with his wife flyeth into Friseland.he fled with hys wife into Friseland, and dwelt there at a place called Norden, labouring truely for his liuing, in knitting of cappes, hose, and such like thinges, till about the end of the moneth of October last before his death. At which tyme, lacking yarne and other such necessary prouision for the mainteinaunce of his occupation, he came ouer agayne into England, here to prouide for the same, and the x. day of Nouember arriued at London. Where hearing of the secret society, and holy congregation of Gods children there assembled, MarginaliaIohn Rough ioyneth hym selfe to the congregation at London.he ioyned himselfe vnto thē, & afterwardes beyng elected their minister and preacher, did continue most vertuously excercised in that Godly fellowship, teaching and cōfirming them in the truth and Gospell of Christ. But in the ende (such was the prouidence of God, who disposeth all thinges to the best) the xij. day of December, he with Cutbert Simson and others, MarginaliaIohn Rough apprehended and by whom.through the crafty and trayterous suggestion of a false hipocrite and dissembling brother called Roger Sargeaunt, a taylor, were apprehēded by the Vice-

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